Works Cited

Abate, Michelle Ann. Tomboys: A Literary and Cultural History. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2008a.

—. “Trans/Forming Girlhood: Transgenderism, the Tomboy Formula, and Gender Identity Disorder in Sharon Dennis Wyeth’s Tomboy Trouble.” The Lion and the Unicorn 32 (2008b): 40-60.

Abdel-Fattah, Randa. Does My Head Look Big in This? Sydney: Pan Macmillan, 2005a.

—. “Living in a Material World.” Griffith Review (Autumn 2005b): 199-209.

—. Ten Things I Hate about Me. 2006. New York: Orchard, 2009.

Abley, Mark. “Writing the Book on Intolerance.” Toronto Star. December 4, 2007: AA8.

Ada, Alma Flor. A Magical Encounter: Latino Children’s Literature in the Classroom, 2d ed. Boston: Pearson Education, 2003.

Adams, Gillian. “The First Children’s Literature? The Case for Sumer.” Children’s Literature 14 (1986): 1-30.

—. “Medieval Children’s Literature: Its Possibility and Actuality.” Children’s Literature 26 (1998): 1-24.

Adams, Karen. “Multicultural Representation in Children’s Books.” 1981. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED219750.

Adams, Richard. Watership Down. London: Rex Collings, 1972.

Adamson, Andrew, and Vicky Jenson, directors. Shrek. Glendale, CA: DreamWorks Animation, 2001.

Adorno, Theodor. Aesthetic Theory. 1970. Translated by Robert Hullot-Kentor. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.

Ahenakew, Freda. How the Mouse Got Brown Teeth: A Cree Story for Children. Illustrated by George Littlechild. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: Fifth House Publishers, 1988.

Alcott, Louisa May. Little Women. 1868-69. Edited by Elaine Showalter. New York: Penguin, 1989.

—. An Old-Fashioned Girl. 1870. Online at (accessed July 11, 2008).

Alderson, Brian, and Felix de Marez Oyens. Be Merry and Wise: Origins of Children’s Book Publishing in England, 1650-1850. New York: Pierpont Morgan Library and Bibliographical Society of America; London: British Library; New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 2006.

Aldiss, Brian W., and David Hargrove. “Introduction to Trillion Year Spree.” In Speculations on Speculation: Theories of Science Fiction, edited by James Gunn and Matthew Candelaria, 147-61. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2005.

Aldrich, Thomas Bailey. The Story of a Bad Boy. 1869. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1996.

Alexander, Lloyd. “The Perilous Realms: A Colloquy.” Edited by Betty Levin. In Innocence and Experience: Essays & Conversations on Children’s Literature, edited by Barbara Harrison and Gregory Maguire. New York: Lothrop, Lee and Shepard, 1987.

Alexie, Sherman. The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian. New York: Little, Brown, 2007.

Alger, Horatio. Ragged Dick. 1868. New York, Collier, 1962.

—. Ragged Dick and Struggling Upward. 1867/1890. New York: Penguin, 1985.

—. The Erie Train Boy. 1890. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview, 2004.

Allard, Harry. Miss Nelson Is Missing! Illustrated by James Marshall. Boston: Houghton, 1977.

“All-Time Best-Selling Children’s Books (Hardcover).” InfoPlease: All the Knowledge You Need. Online at (accessed July 19, 2006).

Almond, David. Skellig. New York: Delacorte, 1997.

Althusser, Louis. Lenin and Philosophy, and Other Essays. Translated by Ben Robert Brewster. London: New Left, 1971.

Alvarez, Julia. How Tía Lola Came to Visit Stay. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2001.

American Library Association. “Attempts to Remove Children’s Book on Male Penguin Couple Parenting Chick Continue.” Online at (accessed April 16, 2009).

American Library Association. “Frequently Challenged Books.” 2009. Online at (accessed Sept. 12, 2010).

Ames, Mrs. Ernest [Mary Frances]. An ABC, for Baby Patriots. London: Dean and Son, 1899.

Anderson, Laurie Halse. Speak. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1999.

Anderson, M. T. Feed. London: Walker, 2002.

—. The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Traitor to the Nation, Volume I: The Pox Party. Cambridge, MA: Candlewick Press, 2006.

—. The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Traitor to the Nation, Volume II: The Kingdom on the Waves. Cambridge, MA: Candlewick Press, 2008.

Anno, Mitsumasa. Anno’s Alphabet: An Adventure in Imagination. London: Bodley Head, 1974.

Anzaldúa, Gloria. Friends from the Other Side / Amigos del Otro Lado. San Francisco: Aunt Lute, 1993.

Applebee, Arthur. The Child’s Concept of Story. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.

Appleyard, J. A. Becoming a Reader: The Experience of Fiction from Childhood to Adulthood. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

The Arabian Nights: Tales of 1001 Nights. 1706. Translated by Malcolm C. Lyons with Ursula Lyons. New York: Penguin, 2008.

Arac, Jonathan. “Huckleberry Finn” as Idol and Target: The Functions of Criticism in Our Time. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1997.

Ardagh, Philip. “Wrap It Up.” Guardian, December 20, 2003.

Argueta, Jorge. Talking with Mother Earth / Hablando con Madre Tierra. Toronto: Groundwood, 2006.

Ariès, Philippe. Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life. Translated by Robert Baldick. New York: Vintage, 1962.

Aristotle. Poetics. In Classical Literary Criticism, translated by T. Dorsch. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, 1965.

Arizpe, Evelyn, and Morag Styles. “‘Love to Learn Your Book’: Children’s Experiences of Text in the Eighteenth Century,” History of Education 33 (May 2004): 337-52.

Armstrong, William H. Sounder. New York: Harper and Row, 1969.

Arnold, Matthew. “The Study of Poetry.” 1880. Reprinted in The Harvard Classics, vol. 50, edited by Charles William Eliot, 65-91. New York: P. F. Collier and Son, 1910.

Aronson, Marc. Exploding the Myths: The Truth about Teenagers and Reading. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2001.

Asante, Molefi Kete. Race, Rhetoric and Identity: The Architecton of Soul. Amherst: Humanity, 2005.

Ashcroft, Bill. Post-Colonial Transformation. London: Routledge, 2001.

Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin. The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures. London: Routledge, 1989.

—. Post-Colonial Studies: The Key Concepts. New York: Rout-ledge, 2000.

Asheim, Lester. “Not Censorship But Selection.” Wilson Library Bulletin 28 (1953): 63-67.

Ashford, Daisy. The Young Visiters. London: Chatto and Windus, 1919.

Atkins, Catherine. When Jeff Comes Home. New York: Puffin, 1999.

Attebery, Brian. Strategies of Fantasy. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992.

Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. The Confessions of St. Augustine, Books I-X. A.D. 397-98. Translated by F. J. Sheed. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1942.

Avery, Gillian. Childhood’s Pattern: A Study of Heroes and Heroines of Children’s Fiction, 1770-1950. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1975.

—. Behold the Child: American Children and Their Books, 1621-1922. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.

—. “The Beginnings of Children’s Reading to c. 1700.” In Children’s Literature: An Illustrated History, edited by Peter Hunt. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Babbitt, Natalie. “The Purposes of Fantasy.” In Innocence and Experience: Essays & Conversations on Children’s Literature, edited by Barbara Harrison and Gregory Maguire. New York: Lothrop, Lee and Shepard, 1987.

Bader, Barbara. The American Picturebook: From Noah’s Ark to the Beast Within. New York: Macmillan, 1976.

—. “How the Little House Gave Ground: The Beginnings of Multiculturalism in a New, Black Children’s Literature.” Horn Book 78, no. 6 (2002): 657-73.

—. “Multiculturalism Takes Root.” Horn Book 79, no. 2 (2003a): 143-62.

—. “Multiculturalism in the Mainstream.” Horn Book 79, no. 3 (2003b): 265-91.

Bakhtin, Mikhail M. Rabelais and His World. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1968.

Ball, John Clement. “Max’s Colonial Fantasy: Rereading Sendak’s Where the Wild Things Are.” Ariel 28, no. 1 (1997): 167-79.

Ballantyne, R. M. The Coral Island. 1857. London: Penguin, 1994.

Bank Street School for Children. “History.” About the School, July 18, 2006. Online at

Banks, Lynne Reid. The Indian in the Cupboard. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1980.

Bannerman, Helen. The Story of Little Black Sambo. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1899.

Bannerman, Helen, and Fred Marcellino. The Story of Little Babaji. New York: HarperCollins, 1996.

Bansch, Helga. Odd Bird Out. Translated by Monika Smith. Wellington: Gecko Press, 2008.

Banyai, Istvan. Zoom. New York: Viking, 1995.

Barbauld, Anna. Lessons for Children from Two to Three Years Old. London: Printed for J. Johnson, 1778.

Baring-Gould, William Stuart, and R. Hart-Davis, eds. Lure of the Limerick. London: Hart-Davis, 1969.

Barnes, Clare, Jr. Home Sweet Zoo. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1950.

Barrett, Lilly St. Agnan. Childhood Note in the Porter Phelps Huntington Family Papers, Special Collections, Amherst College Library, Amherst, Massachusetts.

Barrie, J. M. Peter Pan. 1911. Edited by Jack Zipes. New York: Penguin, 2004.

—. Peter and Wendy. New York : Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1911.

Barry, Arlene. “Hispanic Representation in Literature for Children and Young Adults.” Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy 41, no. 8 (1998): 630-37.

Barry, P. “Censorship and Children’s Literature: Some Post-War Trends.” In Writing and Censorship in Britain, edited by P. Hyland and N. Sammells. London: Routledge, 1992.

Barthes, Roland. Image Music Text: Essays. Translated by Stephen Heath. New York: Hill and Wang, 1977.

Baum, L. Frank. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. 1900. Edited and with an Introduction and Notes by Susan Wolstenholme. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

—. Ozma of Oz. 1907. New York: Scholastic, 1984.

Baumgarten, Alexander G. Aesthetica. 1750-58. Hildesheim: G. Olms, 1986.

Bawden, Nina. Carrie’s War. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1973.

Beaty, Bart. Fredric Wertham and the Critique of Mass Culture. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2005.

Bechtel, Louise Seaman. “A Rightful Heritage.” 1953. In Books in Search of Children: Speeches and Essays by Louise Seaman Bechtel, edited by Virginia Haviland, 21-34. New York: Macmillan, 1969.

—. Untitled memoir. No date. Ms. 136, 4-5. Papers of Louise Seaman Bechtel, Baldwin Library of Historical Children’s Literature, University of Florida, Gainesville.

Beckett, Sandra L. “From the Art of Rewriting to the Art of Cross-writing Child and Adult: The Secret of Michel Tournier’s Dual Readership.” In Voices from Far Away: Current Trends in International Children’s Literature Research, edited by Maria Nikolajeva, 9-34. Stockholm: Centrum för barnkulturforskning, 1995.

—. De grands romanciers écrivent pour les enfants. Montréal: Presses de l’Université de Montréal, 1997.

—. Transcending Boundaries: Writing for a Dual Audience of Children and Adults. New York: Garland, 1999.

—. “Crossover Books.” In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children’s Literature, vol. 1, edited by Jack Zipes, 369-70. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

—. Crossover Fiction: Global and Historical Perspectives. New York: Routledge, 2009.

Belting, Hans. “Image, Medium, Body: A New Approach to Iconology.” Critical Inquiry 31 (Winter 2005): 302-19.

Bennett, John. Letters to a Young Lady on a variety of useful and interesting subjects calculated improve the heart, to form the manners and enlighten the understanding. London: T. Cadell, 1795.

Bennett, Tony, Lawrence Grossberg, and Meaghan Morris, eds. New Keywords: A Revised Vocabulary of Culture and Society. Oxford: Blackwell, 2005.

Benton, Michael. “Readers, Texts, Contexts: Reader-Response Criticism.” In Understanding Children’s Literature, edited by Peter Hunt, 86-102. London: Routledge, 1995; rev. ed., 2005.

Berger, Peter L., and Thomas Luckmann. The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. 1966. New York: Anchor, 1989.

Berlant, Lauren. The Queen of America Goes to Washington City: Essays on Sex and Citizenship. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1997.

Beronä, David. Wordless Books: The Original Graphic Novels. New York: Abrams, 2008.

“The Best American Books.” The Critic 19 (June 3, 1893): 589.

Bettelheim, Bruno. The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales. London: Thames and Hudson, 1976.

Bhabha, Homi K. The Location of Culture. London: Routledge, 1994.

Billman, Carol. The Secret of the Stratemeyer Syndicate: Nancy Drew, the Hardy Boys, and the Million Dollar Fiction Factory. New York: Ungar, 1986.

Birdsall, Jeanne. The Penderwicks: A Summer Tale of Two Sisters, Two Rabbits, and a Very Interesting Boy. New York: Random House, 2005.

Birkerts, Sven. The Gutenberg Elegies: The Fate of Reading in an Electronic Age . London: Faber, 1994.

Bishop, Gavin. The House That Jack Built. Auckland: Scholastic, 1999.

Bishop, Rudine Sims. Shadow and Substance: Afro-American Experience in Contemporary Children’s Fiction. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1982.

—. Free within Ourselves: The Development of African American Children’s Literature. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2007.

Black, Gavin. The Golden Cockatrice. London: Fontana, 1975.

Blair, Lorrie. “Strategies for Dealing with Censorship.” Art Education (September 1996): 57-61.

Blake, Quentin. La Vie de la Page. Paris: Gallimard Jeunesse, 1995.

—. Tell Me a Picture. 2001. London: Frances Lincoln, 2002.

Blake, William. Songs of Innocence. London, 1789.

—. Songs of Experience. London, 1794.

Block, Francesca Lia. Dangerous Angels: The Weetzie Bat Books. 1989-2005. New York: HarperCollins, 2007.

Bloor, Edward. Tangerine. 1997. New York: Scholastic, 2001.

Blount, Thomas. Glossographia, or, A dictionary, interpreting all such hard words, whether Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Italian, Spanish, French, Teutonick, Belgick, British or Saxon, as are now used in our refined English tongue also the terms of divinity, law, physick, mathematicks, heraldry, anatomy, war, musick, architecture, and of several other arts and sciences explicated: with etymologies, definitions, and historical observations on the same. London: Printed by Tho. Newcomb, 1656.

Blue, Rose. We Are Chicano. New York: Watts, 1973.

Blum, Virginia. Hide and Seek: The Child between Psychoanalysis and Fiction. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1995.

Blume, Judy. Are You There God? It’s Me, Margaret. New York: Bradbury, 1970.

—. Then Again, Maybe I Won’t. Scarsdale, NY: Bradbury, 1971.

—. Fudge series, comprising Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing, Otherwise Known as Sheila the Great, Superfudge, Fudge-a-Mania, and Double Fudge. New York: Dutton, 1972-2002.

—. Deenie. Scarsdale, NY: Bradbury, 1973.

—. Blubber. Scarsdale, NY: Bradbury, 1974.

—. Forever. New York: Bradbury, 1975.

Boas, George. The Cult of Childhood. Dallas: Spring, 1966.

Boehmer, Elleke. Colonial and Postcolonial Literature: Migrant Metaphors. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Boethius, Ulf, ed. Modernity, Modernism and Children’s Literature. Stockholm: Centrum för barnkulturforskning vid Stockholms universitet, 1998.

Bone, Ian. Sleep Rough Tonight. Camberwell, Victoria: Penguin, 2004.

Booker, Christopher. The Seven Basic Plots: Why We Tell Stories. London: Continuum, 2004.

“Books Involving Witchcraft, Indian Beliefs Stay in Traditional School,” Vancouver Sun, December 20, 1994: B7.

Boone, Troy. Youth of Darkest England: Working-Class Children at the Heart of Victorian Empire. New York: Routledge, 2005.

Booth, David. Censorship Goes to School. Markham, Ontario: Pembroke, 1992.

Borges, Jorge Luis. “The Library of Babel.” 1941. In Collected Fictions, translated by Andrew Hurley, 112-18. New York: Viking, 1998.

Boswell, James. The Life of Samuel Johnson. London: Charles Dilly, 1791.

Bottigheimer, Ruth B. “An Important System of Its Own: Definding Children’s Literature.” Library Chronical 59, no. 2 (1998): 190-210.

Bourdieu, Pierre. “The Forms of Capital.” 1982. Reprinted in Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education, edited by John G. Richardson, 241-58. New York: Greenwood, 1986.

—. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. 1979. Translated by Richard Nice. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998.

Bracher, Mark. “Identity and Desire in the Classroom.” In Pedagogical Desire: Authority, Seduction, Transference, and the Question of Ethics, edited by Jan Jagodzinski, 93-121. Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey, 2002.

Bradbury, Malcolm, and James MacFarlane. Modernism, 1890-1930. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1976.

Bradford, Clare. “Playing with Father: Anthony Browne’s Picture Books and the Masculine.” Children’s Literature in Education 29, no. 2 (1998): 79-96.

—. Reading Race: Aboriginality in Australian Children’s Literature. Carlton: Melbourne University Press, 2001.

—. “Multiculturalism and Children’s Books.” In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children’s Literature, vol. 3, edited by Jack Zipes, 113-18. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

—. Unsettling Narratives: Postcolonial Readings of Children’s Literature. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2007.

Bratton, J. S. “British Imperialism and the Reproduction of Femininity in Girls’ Fiction, 1900-1930.” In Imperialism and Juvenile Literature, edited by Jeffrey Richards. Manchester: Manchester University, 1989.

Briggs, Jimmie. Innocents Lost: When Child Soldiers Go to War. New York: Basic, 2005.

Briggs, Raymond. The Snowman. New York: Random House, 1978.

Bristow, Joseph. Empire Boys: Adventures in a Man’s World. London: HarperCollins Academic, 1991.

Broderick, Dorothy. Images of the Black in Children’s Fiction. New York: R. R. Bowker, 1973.

Brown, Dan. The Da Vinci Code. New York: Doubleday, 2003.

Brown, Gillian. The Consent of the Governed: The Lockean Legacy in Early American Culture. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Brown, Joanne. “Interrogating the ‘Real’ in Young Adult Realism.” New Advocate 12, no. 4 (1999): 345-57.

Brown, Margaret Wise. Goodnight, Moon. Illustrated by Clement Hurd. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1947.

—. Buenas Noches, Luna. Illustrated by Clement Hurd. Translated by Teresa Mlawer. New York: Harper Arco Iris, 1995.

Browne, Anthony. A Walk in the Park. London: Hamilton, 1977.

—. Piggybook. London: Julia Macrae, 1986.

—. Bear Hunt. 1979. London: Puffin, 1994.

—. Willy the Dreamer. London: Walker, 1997.

—. Voices in the Park. 1998. London: Picture Corgi, 1999.

Bruce, Mary Grant. Billabong series, comprising A Little Bush Maid, Mates at Billabong, Norah of Billabong, From Billabong to London, Jim and Wally, Captain Jim, Back to Billabong, Billabong’s Daughter, Billabong Adventurers, Bill of Billabong, Wings Above Billabong, Billabong Gold, Son of Billabong, and Billabong Riders. London: Ward Lock, 1910-42.

Bruhm, Steven, and Natasha Hurley, eds. Curiouser: On the Queerness of Children. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004.

Bruner, Jerome. Actual Minds, Possible Worlds. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1986.

Bullen, Elizabeth. “Who Is Ryan Atwood? Social Mobility and the Class Chameleon in The OC.” The Looking Glass: New Perspectives on Children’s Books 11 no. 1 (2007). Online at

Bunge, Marcia J., ed. The Child in Christian Thought. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2001.

Bunting, Eve. Fly Away Home. New York: Clarion, 1991.

—. A Day’s Work. New York: Clarion, 1994.

Bürger, Peter. Theory of the Avant-Garde. Translated by Michael Shaw. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984.

Burgess, Melvin. Smack. New York: Holt, 1997.

Burgett, Bruce, and Glenn Hendler, eds. Keywords for American Cultural Studies. New York: New York University Press, 2007.

Burke, Kenneth. The Philosophy of Literary Form. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973.

Burnett, Frances Hodgson. Little Lord Fauntleroy. London: Frederick Warne, 1886.

—. A Little Princess: Being the Whole Story of Sara Crewe Now Told for the First Time. London: Frederick Warne, 1905.

—. The Secret Garden. 1911. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin-Puffin, 1951.

Burroughs, Edgar Rice. Tarzan of the Apes. Chicago: McClurg, 1914.

Burton, Robert. The Anatomy of Melancholy. 1621. London: Nimmo, 1886.

Busch, Wilhelm. Max und Moritz. 1865. Munich: Braun und Schneider, 1925.

Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990.

—. Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex. New York: Routledge, 1993.

Butts, Dennis. “‘Tis a Hundred Years Since: G. A. Henty’s With Clive in India and Philip Pullman’s The Tin Princess.” In The Presence of the Past in Children’s Literature, edited by Ann Lawson Lucas. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2003.

Byars, Betsy. “Writing for Children.” Signal 37 (1982): 3-10.

Cabot, Meg. The Princess Diaries. New York: Harper Avon, 2000.

Cadden, Mike. “The Irony of Narration in the Young Adult Novel.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 25 (2000a): 146-54.

—. “Speaking to Both Children and Genre: Le Guin’s Ethics of Audience.” The Lion and the Unicorn 24, no. 1 (2000b): 128-42.

Cadogan, Mary, and Patricia Craig. You’re a Brick, Angela! A New Look at Girls Fiction from 1839 to 1975. London: Victor Gollanz, 1976.

Caduto, Michael J., and Joseph Bruchac. Keepers of the Earth: Native American Stories and Environmental Activities for Children. 1988. Golden, CO: Fulcrum, 1997.

Calvert, Karin. Children in the House: The Material Culture of Early Childhood, 1600-1900. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1992.

Cameron, Eleanor. The Wonderful Flight to the Mushroom Planet. New York: Little, Brown, 1954.

Cammaerts, Emile. The Poetry of Nonsense. New York: Dutton, 1926.

Campbell, Eddie. Alec: How to Be an Artist. Paddington, Australia: Eddie Campbell Comics, 2001.

Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. New York: Pantheon, 1949.

Campbell, Patty.The Outsiders, Fat Freddy, and Me.” The Horn-book (March/April 2003): 177-83.

—. “Trends in Young Adult Literature.” In Young Adult Literature in the 21st Century, edited by Pam B. Cole, 66-69. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2009.

Card, Orson Scott. Ender’s Game. New York: Tor, 1985.

Carle, Eric. The Very Hungry Caterpillar. New York: Philomel, 1969.

Carlson, D. “Who Am I? Gay Identity and a Democratic Politics of the Self.” In Queer Theory in Education, edited by W. Pinar, 107-19. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998.

Carnegie, Andrew. “Wealth.” North American Review 148 (June 1889): 653-65.

Carpenter, Carole H. “Enlisting Children’s Literature in the Goals of Multiculturalism.” Mosaic: A Journal for the Interdisciplinary Study of Literature 29, no. 3 (1996): 53-74.

Carpenter, Humphrey. Secret Gardens: The Golden Age of Children’s Literature from Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland to Winnie the Pooh. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1985.

Carroll, Lewis. Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. 1865. In The Annotated Alice, rev. ed., edited by Martin Gardner. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, 1970.

—. The Letters of Lewis Carroll. Edited by Morton N. Cohen, 2 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.

—. Through the Looking-Glass and What Alice Found There. 1871. Edited by Donald J. Gray. New York: Norton, 1992.

Carruthers, Mary, and Jan M. Ziolkowski, eds. The Medieval Craft of Memory: An Anthology of Texts and Pictures. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2002.

Cart, Michael. From Romance to Realism: 50 Years of Growth and Change in Young Adult Literature. New York: HarperCollins, 1996.

—. “From Insider to Outsider: The Evolution of Young Adult Literature.” Voices from the Middle 9, no.2 (2001): 95-97.

Cary, Stephen. Going Graphic: Comics at Work in the Multilingual Classroom. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2004.

Cech, John. “Touchstones and the Phoenix: New Directions, New Dimensions.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 10, no. 4 (1986): 177.

Cervantes, Miguel de. Don Quixote. 1606/1615. Translated by Charles Jarvis, with an Introduction and Notes by E. C. Riley, 1742. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Chabram-Dernersesian, Angie. “Latina/o: Another Site of Struggle, Another Site of Accountability.” In Critical Latin American and Latino Studies, edited by Juan Poblete. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003.

Chakrabarty, Dipesh. “Postcoloniality and the Artifice of History: Who Speaks for ‘Indian’ Pasts?” Representations 32 (1992): 1-26.

Chambers, Aidan. Break Time. London: Bodley Head, 1978a.

—. Dance on My Grave. London: Bodley Head, 1982.

—. “Three Fallacies about Children’s Books.” 1978b. In Sign-posts to Criticism of Children’s Literature, edited by R. Bator, 54-59. Chicago: American Library Association, 1983.

—. “Alive and Flourishing: A Personal View of Teenage Literature.” In Booktalk: Occasional Writing on Literature and Children, edited by Aidan Chambers, 84-91. New York: Harper and Row, 1985a.

—. “The Reader in the Book.” In Booktalk: Occasional Writing on Literature and Children, edited by Aidan Chambers. New York: Harper and Row, 1985b.

—. Now I Know. London: Bodley Head, 1987.

—. The Toll Bridge. London: Bodley Head, 1992.

—. Postcards from No Man’s Land. New York: Speak, 1999.

—. This Is All: The Pillow Book of Cordelia Kenn. London: Bodley Head, 2005.

Chappell, Sharon, and Christian Faltis. “Spanish, Bilingualism, Culture, and Identity in Latino Children’s Literature.” Children’s Literature in Education 38, no. 4 (2007): 253-62.

Character Counts! 2009. Online at

Charlip, Remy, and Jerry Joyner. Thirteen. New York: Parents Magazine Press, 1975.

Chase, Richard. The American Novel and Its Tradition. New York: Anchor/Doubleday, 1957.

Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Prologue to the Canterbury Tales. 1387. Edited by R. T. Davies. London: Harrap, 1953.

Chaudhuri, Nirad C. The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1951.

Chaudhuri, Nupur, and Margaret Strobel. Western Women and Imperialism:Complicity and Resistance . Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992.

Cherniavsky, Eva. “Body.” In Keywords for American Cultural Studies, edited by Bruce Burgett and Glenn Hendler, 26-29. New York: New York University Press, 2007.

Cheong Suk-Wai. “Reading into Crossover Trends.” The Straits Times, March 8, 2004.

Chesworth, Michael. Alphaboat. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2002.

Child, Lauren. Hubert Horatio Bartle Bobton-Trent. London: Hodder, 2004.

Children’s Defense Fund. “The State of America’s Children 2008.” Online at

“Children’s Literature.” The Quarterly Review, January 13 and 26, 1860: 469-500.

Childress, Alice. A Hero Ain’t Nothin’ But a Sandwich. 1973. New York: Avon, 1982.

Christian-Smith, Linda K. Becoming a Woman through Romance. New York: Routledge, 1990.

Christopher, John. The White Mountains. London: Hamilton, 1967a.

—. The City of Gold and Lead. London: Hamilton, 1967b.

—. The Pool of Fire. London: Hamilton, 1968.

Chudacoff, Howard P. How Old Are You? Age Consciousness in American Culture. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989.

Chukovsky, Kornei. From Two to Five. Translated by Miriam Morton. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1963.

Clark, Beverly Lyon. “Thirteen Ways of Thumbing your Nose at Children’s Literature.” The Lion and the Unicorn 16, no. 2 (1992): 240-44.

—. Regendering the School Story: Sassy Sissies and Tattling Tom-boys. New York: Garland, 1996.

—. Kiddie Lit: The Cultural Construction of Children’s Literature in America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.

Clark, Gillian. “The Fathers and the Children.” In The Church and Childhood, edited by Diana Wood, 1-27. Oxford: Blackwell, 1994.

Clarke, John. “Market.” In New Keywords: A Revised Vocabulary of Culture and Society, edited by Tony Bennett, Lawrence Gross-berg, and Meaghan Morris, 205-7. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2005.

Clements, Andrew. Frindle. Illustrated by Brian Selznick. 1996. New York: Aladdin, 1998.

Clute, John, and John Grant, eds. The Encyclopedia of Fantasy. London: Orbit, 1997.

Coats, Karen. Looking Glasses and Neverlands: Lacan, Desire, and Subjectivity in Children’s Literature. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2004.

Coetzee, J. M. “What Is a Classic?” 1993. In Stranger Shores: Literary Essays, 1-17. New York: Viking Penguin, 2001.

Cohoon, Lorinda B. Serialized Citizenships: Periodicals, Books, and American Boys, 1840-1911. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2006.

Cole, Brock. The Goats. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1987.

Cole, Henry [Felix Summerly, pseud.]. Beauty and the Beast with New Pictures by an Eminent Artist. In The Home Treasury series. Edited by Felix Summerly. London: Joseph Cundall, 1843.

Coleridge, Samuel. Biographia Literaria, or Biographical Sketches of My Literary Life and Opinions. 1817. Edited by George Watson. London: Dent, 1975.

Collins, Wilkie. “Doctor Dulcamara, M.P.” Household Words 19 (1858): 49-52. Online,

The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008.

Comenius, Johann Amos. Orbis Sensulium Pictus. 1658. Translated by Charles Hoole, 1659. London: Printed for T. R. for S. Mearne, 1672.

Compact Edition of the Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Connell, R. W. “Logic and Politics in Theories of Class.” In Which Way Is Up? Essays on Sex, Class and Culture, edited by R. W. Connell. Sydney: George Allen and Unwin, 1983.

—. Masculinities. 2d ed. Crows Nest: Allen and Unwin, 2005.

Connelly, Mark. The Hardy Boys Mysteries, 1927-1979: A Cultural and Literary History. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2008.

Constantine, Larry L., and Floyd M. Martinson. Children and Sex: New Findings, New Perspectives. Boston: Little, Brown, 1981.

Cooley, Charles H. Human Nature and the Social Order. New York: Scribner’s, 1902.

Coolidge, Susan. What Katy Did. 1872. Boston: Little, Brown, 1938.

Cooper, Susan. Silver on the Tree. New York: Atheneum, 1977.

Cormier, Robert. The Chocolate War: A Novel. New York: Pantheon, 1974.

—. Fade. New York: Delacorte Press, 1988.

Council on Interracial Books for Children. “100 Children’s Books about Puerto Ricans: A Study in Racism, Sexism, & Colonialism.” Interracial Books for Children Bulletin 4 (1972): 1-8.

—. “Chicano Culture in Children’s Literature: Stereotypes, Distortions, and Omissions.” Interracial Books for Children Bulletin 5 (1975): 7-14.

Cox, Cynthia. “‘Postmodern Fairy Tales’ in Contemporary Literature.” Children’s Folklore Review 16, no. 2 (1994): 13-19.

Crago, Hugh. The Teller and the Tale: How the Old Brain Shapes the Stories We Live to Tell. Forthcoming.

Crago, Maureen, and Hugh Crago. Prelude to Literacy: A Preschool Child’s Encounter with Picture and Story. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1983.

Crain, Patricia. The Story of A: The Alphabetization of America from The New England Primer to The Scarlet Letter. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2000.

Crampton, Gertrude. Tootle. Illustrated by Tibor Gergely. Racine, WI: Golden Press, 1945.

—. Scuffy the Tugboat. Illustrated by Tibor Gergely. 1946. Racine, WI: Golden Press, 1955.

Crawford, Philip, and Stephen Weiner. Using Graphic Novels with Children and Teens. New York: Scholastic, 2007.

Creech, Sharon. Walk Two Moons. New York: Scholastic, 1994. Online at (accessed April 2008).

Cruikshank, George. George Cruikshank’s Magazine, no 2 (February 1854). Edited by Frank E. Smedley (Frank Fairlegh).

Crutcher, Chris. Chinese Handcuffs. New York: Greenwillow, 1989.

Cuffee, Paul. “Memoir of Captain Paul Cuffee, Liverpool Mercury, 1811.” Online at

Cullen, Countee. On These I Stand: Anthology of the Best Poems of Countee Cullen. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1947.

Culler, Jonathan. Structuralist Poetics: Structuralism, Linguistics, and the Study of Literature. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1975.

—. “Prolegomena to a Theory of Reading,” In The Reader in the Text: Essays on Audience and Interpretation, edited by Susan R. Suleiman and Inge Crosman. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980.

—. Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Cunningham, Hugh. Children & Childhood in Western Society since 1500. London: Longman, 1995.

—. The Invention of Childhood. London: BBC Books, 2006.

Cunningham, Valentine. Reading after Theory. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2002.

Curtis, Christopher Paul. The Watsons Go to Birmingham, 1963. New York: Random House, 1995.

Dahl, Roald. James and the Giant Peach. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1961.

—. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1964.

—. The Witches. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1983.

Dalgliesh, Alice. The Courage of Sarah Noble. Illustrated by Leonard Weisgard. New York: Scribner’s, 1954.

Dana, Richard Henry. Two Years before the Mast. New York: Harper, 1840.

Danby, John F. Shakespeare’s Doctrine of Nature: A Study of King Lear. London: Faber and Faber, 1961.

Darnton, Robert. The Great Cat Massacre, and Other Episodes in French Cultural History. London: Allen Lane, 1984.

Darton, F. J. Harvey. Children’s Books in England: Five Centuries of Social Life. 1932. 3d ed., revised by Brian Alderson. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Davis, Will. My Side of the Story. London: Bloomsbury, 2007.

Day, Frances. Latina and Latino Voices in Literature for Children and Teenagers. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1997.

Day, Thomas. The History of Sandford and Merton. London, 1783-89.

De Anda, Diane. Kikirikí/Quiquiriquí. Houston: Piñata, 2004.

Defoe, Daniel. Robinson Crusoe. 1719. London: Dent, 1975.

—. Mere Nature Delineated. 1726. In The Works of Daniel Defoe, edited by W. R. Owens and P. N. Furbank. London: Pickering and Chatto, 2002.

Delacre, Lulu. Arrorró, mi niño: Latino Lullabies and Gentle Games. New York: Lee and Low, 2004.

De la Primaudaye, Peter. The French Academie. London: Thomas Adams, 1618.

De Lauretis, Teresa. “Queer Theory: Lesbian and Gay Sexualities.” differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 3, no. 2 (1991): iii-xviii.

—. “Habit Changes.” differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 6, nos. 2-3 (1994): 296-313.

Deleuze, Gilles. Cinema 1: The Movement Image. 1983. Translated by Hugh Tomlinson and Barbara Habberjam. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1986.

Deleuze, Gilles. Cinema 2: The Time Image. 1985. Translated by Hugh Tomlinson. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1989.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Félix Guattari. A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Translated by Brian Massumi. London: Athlone, 1988.

Del Vecchio, Gene. Creating Ever-Cool: A Marketer’s Guide to a Kid’s Heart. 1997. Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing, 1998.

Demers, Patricia. “Classic or Touchstone: Much of a Muchness?” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 10, no. 3 (1985): 142-43.

Demers, Patricia, and Gordon Moyles, eds. From Instruction to Delight: An Anthology of Children’s Literature to 1850. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Denman, Gregory A. When You’ve Made It Your Own … Teaching Poetry to Young People. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1988.

De Palma, Brian. Carrie. Written by Lawrence D. Cohen. Based on the novel by Stephen King. United Artists, 1976.

Derrida, Jacques. Of Grammatology. 1967. Translated by Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, 1976. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.

—. Truth and Painting. 1978. Translated by Ian McLeod and Geoff Bennington. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Descartes, René. Discourse on the Method and Meditations on First Philosophy. 1641. Edited by David Weissman. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.

Dewey, John. “My Pedagogic Creed.” In Dewey on Education: Selections, introduction and notes by Martin S. Dworkin, 19-32. New York: Teachers College Press, 1959.

Dickens, Charles. 1848. Dombey and Son. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, 1970.

—. “Frauds on the Fairies.’ Household Words, 1 October 1853. Reprinted in Lance Salway, A Peculiar Gift. Nineteenth Century Writing on Books for Children, 111-18. London: Kestrel, 1976.

—. Hard Times. London: Bradbury and Evans, 1854.

—. Great Expectations. 1861. Edited by Angus Calder. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1965.

Dickinson, Peter. Eva. London: Victor Gollancz, 1988.

Dickson, Gary.Rites de Passage: The Children’s Crusade and Medieval Childhood.” Journal of the History of Childhood and Youth (Fall 2009): 315-32.

Dimock, A. W. Be Prepared; or, The Boy Scouts in Florida. New York: Grosset and Dunlap, 1912.

Dirks, Nicholas. “Postcolonialism.” In New Keywords: A Revised Vocabulary of Culture and Society, edited by Tony Bennett, Lawrence Grossberg, and Meaghan Morris, 267-69. Oxford: Blackwell, 2005.

Dixon, Bob. Catching Them Young: Sex, Race and Class in Children’s Fiction. London: Pluto Press, 1977.

Dodge, Mary Mapes. Hans Brinker. New York: James O’Kane, 1866.

Donovan, John. I’ll Get There. It Better Be Worth the Trip. New York: Harper and Row, 1969.

Doonan, Jane. Looking at Pictures in Picture Books. Stroud, UK: Thimble Press, 1993.

Downham, Jenny. Before I Die. London: David Fickling, 2007.

Driscoll, C. “Barbie Culture.” In Girl Culture: An Encyclopedia, edited by Claudia Mitchell and Jacqueline Reid-Walsh, 39-47. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2008.

Dudek, Debra. “Dogboys and Lost Things; or Anchoring a Floating Signifier: Race and Critical Multiculturalism.” Ariel 37, no. 4 (2006a): 1-20.

—. “Of Murmels and Snigs: Detention-Centre Narratives in Australian Literature for Children.” Overland 185 (2006b): 38-42.

Dudek, Debra, and Wenche Ommundsen. “Building Cultural Citizenship: Multiculturalism and Children’s Literature.” Editorial. Papers 17, no. 2 (2007): 3-6.

Durant, Will. The Story of Philosophy. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1926.

Dusinberre, Juliet. Alice to the Lighthouse: Children’s Books and Radical Experiments in Art. Basingstoke, UK: Macmillan, 1987.

Eagleton, Terry. The Ideology of the Aesthetic. Oxford: Blackwell, 1990.

—. The Illusions of Postmodernism. Oxford: Blackwell, 1996.

—. The Idea of Culture. Oxford: Blackwell, 2000.

Eccleshare, Julia. “Teenage Fiction: Realism, Romances, Contemporary Problem Novels.” In International Companion Encyclopedia of Children’s Literature, edited by Peter Hunt, 386-96. New York: Routledge, 1996.

Eddy, Jacalyn. Bookwomen: Creating an Empire in Children’s Book Publishing, 1919-1939. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2006.

Edgeworth, Maria. The Parent’s Assistant; or, Stories for Children. London: J. Johnson in St. Paul’s Church-yard, 1796.

Edgeworth, Maria, and Richard Lovell Edgeworth. Practical Education. 1798. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1855.

Edgren, Gretchen. The Playmate Book: Six Decades of Centerfolds. Introduction by Hugh Hefner. Cologne: Taschen, 2005.

Egan, R. Danielle, and Gail Hawkes. Theorizing the Sexual Child in Modernity. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Egoff, Sheila. Worlds Within: Children’s Fantasy from the Middle Ages to Today. Chicago: American Library Association, 1988.

Eisner, Will. A Contract with God and Other Tenement Stories. 1978. New York: DC Comics, 2000.

Eliot, T. S. “What Is a Classic?” 1944. In Selected Prose of T. S. Eliot, edited by Frank Kermode, 115-31. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1975.

Elkins, James. The Domain of Images. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999.

Ellis, Deborah, and Eric Walters. Bifocal. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry and Whiteside, 2007.

Ellis, Sarah. Odd Man Out. Toronto: Groundwood, 2006.

Encyclopædia Britannica. Online at (accessed February 16, 2009).

Ende, Michael. Die unendliche Geschichte. Stuttgart: Thienemann, 1979. Translated by Ralph Manheim as The Neverending Story. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1983.

Enright, Elizabeth. The Melendy Quartet, comprising The Saturdays (1941), The Four-Story Mistake (1942), Then There Were Five (1944), and Spiderweb for Two: A Melendy Maze (1951). New York: Holt, 1941-51.

Erdrich, Louise. The Birchbark House. New York: Hyperion, 1999.

Erikson, Erik. “The Legend of Hitler’s Childhood.” 1951. In Childhood and Society, 317-49. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, 1975.

Erisman, Fred. “Stratemeyer Boys’ Books and the Gernsback Milieu.” Extrapolation 41, no. 3 (2000): 272-82.

Estes, Eleanor. The Moffats series, comprising The Moffats, The Middle Moffat, Rufus M. and The Moffat Museum. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1941-83.

—. The Hundred Dresses. Illustrated by Louis Slobodkin. 1944. New York: Harcourt, 2004.

Falconer, Rachel. “Crossover Literature.” In International Companion Encyclopedia of Children’s Literature, 2d ed., edited by Peter Hunt, vol. 1, 556-75. London: Routledge, 2004.

—. The Crossover Novel: Contemporary Children’s Fiction and Its Adult Readership. New York: Routledge, 2009.

Farmer, Nancy. The House of the Scorpion. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2002.

Farrar, Frederic. Eric, or Little by Little. 1858. New York: Garland, 1977.

Feelings, Muriel. Jambo Means Hello: Swahili Alphabet Book. Illustrated by Tom Feelings. 1974. New York: Puffin, 1981.

Feelings, Tom. The Middle Passage. New York: Dial, 1995.

Ferguson, Roderick A. “Race.” In Keywords for American Cultural Studies, edited by Bruce Burgett and Glenn Hendler, 191-96. New York: New York University Press, 2007.

Ferguson, Susan L. Review: “Plots of Enlightenment: Education and the Novel in Eighteenth-Century England, by Richard A. Barney.” Philosophy and Literature 24, no. 2 (2000): 490-93.

Fichtelberg, Susan. Encountering Enchantment: A Guide to Speculative Fiction for Teens. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited, 2007.

Fielding, Henry. The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. 1749. London: Penguin, 2005.

Fielding, Sarah. The Governess; or, The Little Female Academy. 1749. London: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Finazzo, Denise Ann. All for the Children: Multicultural Essentials of Literature. Albany, NY: Delmar, 1997.

Fine, Anne. Bill’s New Frock. London: Methuen, 1989.

Finley, Martha. Elsie Dinsmore. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1867.

Fischer, Steven Roger. A History of Reading. London: Reaktion, 2003.

Fish, Stanley. Is There a Text in This Class? The Authority of Interpretive Communities. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1980.

—. “Boutique Multiculturalism, or Why Liberals Are Incapable of Thinking about Hate Speech.” Critical Inquiry 23 (1997): 378-95.

Fisher, Margery. The Bright Face of Danger. Toronto: Hodder and Stoughton, 1986.

Fitzhugh, Louise. Harriet the Spy: The Most Famous Sleuth of All. New York: Harper and Row, 1964.

—. Bang, Bang You’re Dead, New York: Harper and Row, 1986.

Fitzhugh, P. K. Tom Slade, Boy Scout. New York: Grosset and Dunlap, 1915.

—. Roy Blakely, His Story. New York: Gosset and Dunlap, 1920.

Flanagan, Victoria. Into the Closet: Cross-Dressing and the Gendered Body in Children’s Literature and Film. New York: Routledge, 2007.

Flax, Jane. “Postmodernism and Gender Relations in Feminist Theory.” Signs 12, no. 4 (1987): 621-43.

Flesch, Rudolf. Why Johnny Can’t Read: And What You Can Do about It. New York: Harper and Row, 1955.

Flynn, Richard. “The Intersection of Children’s Literature and Childhood Studies.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 22, no. 3 (1997): 142-43. “The Celebrity 100: #9 J. K. Rowling.” The Celebrity 100. June 2008. Online at

Forbes, Esther. Johnny Tremain. Illustrated by Lynd Ward. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1943.

Forman-Brunell, Miriam. Made to Play House: Dolls and the Commercialization of American Girlhood 1830-1930. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

Forster, E. M. Aspects of the Novel. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1927.

Foucault, Michel. Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972-1977. Translated by Colin Gordon. New York: Pantheon, 1980.

Fox, Mem, and Helen Oxenbury. Ten Little Fingers and Ten Little Toes. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2008.

Fox, Paula. One-Eyed Cat. Scarsdale, NY: Bradbury Press, 1984.

—. The Eagle Kite. New York: Dell, 1995.

Freud, Sigmund. 1919. “The Uncanny.” In The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, edited by J. Strachey. London: Hogarth, 1955.

Freundlich, Joyce Y. “Fact or Fancy: The Image of the Puerto Rican in Ethnic Literature for Young Adults.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Reading Association, St. Louis, MO, May 5-9, 1980. ERIC Educational Document Reproduction Service, ED 188 150, 1980.

Fricke, Aaron. Reflections of a Rock Lobster: A Story about Growing Up Gay. Boston: Alyson, 1981.

Fried, Michael. Absorption and Theatricality: Painting and Beholder in the Age of Diderot. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Frith, Simon. “Youth.” In New Keywords: A Revised Vocabulary of Culture and Society, edited by Tony Bennett, Lawrence Gross-berg, and Meaghan Morris, 380-82. Oxford: Blackwell, 2005.

Fullerton, Ronald. “Modern Western Marketing as a Historical Phenomenon: Theory and Illustration.” In Historical Perspectives in Marketing: Essays in Honor of Stanley C. Hollander, edited by Terence Nevett and Ronald A. Fullerton, 71-89. Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath, 1988.

Gág, Wanda. Millions of Cats. New York: Coward-McCann, 1928.

Gaiman, Neil. Coraline. London: Bloomsbury, 2002.

Gaines, Kevin. “African.” In Keywords for American Cultural Studies, edited by Bruce Burgett and Glenn Hendler, 12-16. New York: New York University Press, 2007.

Gangi, Jane. “Inclusive Aesthetics and Social Justice: The Vanguard of Small, Multicultural Presses.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 30, no. 3 (2005): 243-64.

Gantos, Jack. Joey Pigza Swallowed the Key. 1998. New York: HarperTrophy, 2000.

Garden, Nancy. Annie on My Mind. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1982.

Garlitz, Barbara. “The Immortality Ode: Its Cultural Progeny.” Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900 6, no. 4 (1966): 639-49.

George, Rosemary Marangoly. The Politics of Home: Postcolonial Relocations and Twentieth-Century Fiction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Gergen, M. M., and K. J. Gergen. “The Social Construction of Narrative Accounts.” In Historical Social Psychology, edited by K. J. Gergen and M. M. Gergen. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates, 1984.

Gikandi, Simon. Maps of Englishness: Writing Identity in the Culture of Colonialism. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.

Gilbert, Dennis. The American Class Structure in an Age of Growing Inequality. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 2002.

Gillespie, Cindy S., Janet L. Powell, Nancy E. Clements, and Rebecca A. Swearingen. “A Look at the Newbery Medal Books from a Multicultural Perspective.” The Reading Teacher 48, no. 1 (1994): 40-50.

Gillis, John R. Youth and Its History: Tradition and Change in European Age Relations, 1770-Present. New York: Academic Press, 1974.

Gimenez, Martha. “Latinos, Hispanics … What Next!” Heresies 7, no. 27 (1993): 38-42.

Giovanni, Nikki. “Poem for Black Boys.” Ego Tripping and Other Poems for Young People. New York: Lawrence Hill, 1973.

Giroux, Henry A. Stealing Innocence: Youth, Corporate Power, and the Politics of Culture. New York: St. Martin’s, 2000.

Godwin, William [William Scolfield, pseud.]. Preface to Bible Stories, Memorable Acts of the Ancient Patriarchs, Judges and Kings, Extracted from Their Original Historians, for the Use of Children. London: R. Phillips, 1802.

Goldberg, David Theo. Multiculturalism: A Critical Reader. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 1994.

Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. London: Faber and Faber, 1954.

Gombrich, E. H. “The Mask and the Face: The Perception of Physiognomic Likeness in Life and in Art.” In Art, Perception, and Reality, 1-46. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1970.

Gomi, Taro. Everyone Poops. 1977. La Jolla, CA: Kane Miller, 1993.

Goodwin, M. H. The Hidden Life of Girls: Games of Stance, Status, and Exclusion. New York: Wiley-Blackwell, 2006.

Gorman, Michele. Getting Graphic! Using Graphic Novels to Promote Literacy with Preteens and Teens. Worthington, OH: Lin-worth, 2003.

Graetz, Margaret. “From Picture Books to Illustrated Stories: How Children Understand All Those Words.” Children’s Libraries Newsletter (Australia) 12, no. 3 (1976): 79-87.

Grahame, Kenneth. The Golden Age. London: John Lane, 1895.

—. The Wind in the Willows. 1908. London: Methuen, 1937.

Grauerholz, Elizabeth, and Bernice A. Pescosolido. “Gender Representation in Children’s Literature: 1900-1984.” Gender and Society 3, no. 1 (1989): 113-25.

Gray, Michael, and Rhonda Gray. The Stew That Grew. Glebe, Australia: Walter McVitty, 1990.

Gray, William S., and May Hill Arbuthnot. Fun with Dick and Jane. Chicago: Scott, Foresman, 1940.

Green, John. Looking for Alaska. New York: Dutton, 2005.

—. An Abundance of Katherines. 2006. New York: Penguin, 2008.

Green, Martin. Dreams of Adventure, Deeds of Empire. New York: Basic, 1979.

Green, Roger Lancelyn. Tellers of Tales. New York: Franklin Watts, 1965.

Greene, Graham. The Graham Greene Film Reader: Reviews, Essays, Interviews, and Film Stories. New York: Applause, 1993.

Greenwald, Marilyn S. Secret of the Hardy Boys: Leslie Mcfarlane and the Stratemeyer Syndicate. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2004.

Grenby, M. O. Children’s Literature. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2008.

Griswold, Jerry. “The Future of the Profession.” The Lion and the Unicorn 26, no. 2 (2002): 236-42.

Gubar, Marah. Artful Dodgers: Reconceiving the Golden Age of Children’s Literature. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Guillory, John. Cultural Capital: The Problem of Literary Canon Formation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Gunn, James. “Toward a Definition of Science Fiction.” In Speculations on Speculation: Theories of Science Fiction, edited by James Gunn and Matthew Candelaria, 5-12. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2005.

Gupta, Suman. Re-Reading Harry Potter. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Guterson, David. Snow Falling on Cedars. New York: Vintage, 1994.

Guy, Rosa. The Friends. New York: Holt Rinehart, 1973.

Haddon, Mark. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time. London: Jonathan Cape, 2003.

Hade, Daniel. “Reading Children’s Literature Multiculturally.” In Using Multiethnic Literature in the K-8 Classroom, edited by V. J. Harris, 233-56. Norwood, MA: Christopher Gordon, 1997.

—. “Storyselling: Are Publishers Changing the Way Children Read?” Horn Book 78, no. 5 (2002): 509-17.

Hadjor, Kofi Buenor. The Penguin Dictionary of Third World Terms. London: Penguin, 1992.

Hadju, David. The Ten-Cent Plague: The Great Comic-Book Scare and How It Changed America. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2008.

Hage, Ghassan. White Nation: Fantasies of White Supremacy in a Multicultural Society. London: Pluto Press, 1998.

—. Against Paranoid Nationalism: Searching for Hope in a Shrinking Society. London: Pluto Press, 2003.

Hale, Shannon. Princess Academy. London: Bloomsbury, 2005.

Hall, Donald. Queer Theories. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Hall, Stuart. Race: The Floating Signifier. Video. Produced and Directed by Sut Jhally. Northampton, MA: The Media Education Foundation, 1996.

Halpern, Richard. Norman Rockwell: The Underside of Innocence. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

Hamilton, Virginia. M.C. Higgins, the Great. New York: Dell-Laurel Leaf, 1974.

—. Arilla Sun Down. 1976. New York: Scholastic, 1995.

Harris, Anita. Future Girl: Young Women in the 21st Century. London: Routledge, 2004.

Harris, Robie, and Michael Emberley. It’s Perfectly Normal: A Book about Changing Bodies, Growing Up, Sex, and Sexual Health. Boston: Candlewick, 1994.

Harris, Violet J.The Brownies’ Book: Challenge to the Selective Tradition in Children’s Literature.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Georgia, 1986.

—. “African American Children’s Literature: The First One Hundred Years.” Journal of Negro Education 59, no. 4 (1990): 540-55.

Hartnett, Sonya. Sleeping Dogs. New York: Viking, 1995.

—. Surrender. London: Walker, 2005.

Harvey, Robert C. “The Graphic Novel, Will Eisner, and Other Pioneers.” The Comics Journal 233 (May 2001): 103-6.

Hasegawa, Jack. “What Is Fair? Books That Help Children Understand Diversity.” New England Reading Association Journal 38, no. 3 (2002): 1-4.

Hatfield, Charles. Alternative Comics: An Emerging Literature. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2005.

Haughton, Hugh, ed. “Introduction.” In The Chatto Book of Nonsense. London: Chatto and Windus, 1988.

Hautzig, Deborah. Hey Dollface. New York: Greenwillow, 1978.

Hawkins, Francis. Youths Behaviour, or, Decencie in Conversation amongst Men. London: S. G. and B. G. William Lee, 1672.

Hayes-Bautista, David E., and Jorge Chapa. “Latino Terminology: Conceptual Basis for Standardized Terminology.” American Journal of Public Health 77, no. 1 (1987): 61-68.

Hayes, Rosemary. Mixing It. London: Frances Lincoln Children’s Books, 2007.

Hearn, Lian. Across the Nightingale Floor. Sydney: Hodder, 2002.

Hearne, Betsy. “Booking the Brothers Grimm: Art, Adaptations, and Economics.” Book Research Quarterly 2, no. 4 (1986-87): 18-32.

Heinlein, Robert A. Rocket Ship Galileo. New York: Scribner’s, 1947.

—. Tunnel in the Sky. New York: Scribner’s, 1955.

—. Citizen of the Galaxy. New York: Scribner’s, 1957.

Heins, Marjorie. Not in Front of the Children: “Indecency,” Censorship, and the Innocence of Youth. New York: Hill and Wang, 2001.

Heins, Paul. “Children’s Classics: Recommended Editions.” In Children’s Classics, edited by Alice Jordan, 10-16. Boston: Horn Book, 1976.

Hentoff, Nat. The Day They Came to Arrest the Book. London: Penguin, 1988.

Henty, G. A. With Clive in India; or, The Beginnings of an Empire. London: Blackie and Son, 1884.

Hergé. Tintin au Congo. Tournai, Belgium: Casterman, 1931.

Heron, Anne. Two Teenagers in Twenty. Boston: Alyson, 1993.

Herrera, Juan Felipe. Featherless/Desplumado. San Francisco: Children’s Book Press, 2004.

Hersey, John. “Why Do Children Bog Down on the First R?” Life, May 24, 1954: 136-50.

Hesiod. Works and Days. Translated by Hugh G. Evelyn-White. Raleigh, NC: Hayes-Barton, 2007.

Heyman, Michael, with Sumanyu Satpathy and Anushka Ravishankar. The Tenth Rasa: An Anthology of Indian Nonsense. New Delhi: Penguin, 2007.

Higginson, Sheila Sweeny. Mickey Mouse Clubhouse: Are We There Yet? New York: Disney, 2007.

Higonnet, Anne. Pictures of Innocence: The History and Crisis of Ideal Childhood. London: Thames and Hudson, 1998.

Hilkey, Judy. Character Is Capital: Success Manuals and Manhood in Gilded Age America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.

Hill, Twyla J. “Multicultural Children’s Books: An American Fairy Tale.” Publishing Research Quarterly 14, no. 1 (1998): 36-44.

Hine, Lewis W. Men at Work. New York: Macmillan, 1936.

Hinton, S. E. The Outsiders. New York: Viking Press, 1967a.

—. “Teen-agers Are for Real.” New York Times Book Review, August 27, 1967b.

The History of Little Goody Two-Shoes. London: John Newbery, 1765.

The History of Little Fanny. London: S. and J. Fuller, 1810.

Hoad, T. F. ed. Concise Oxford Dictionary of Etymology. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.

Hoban, Russell. The Mouse and His Child. 1967. Harmondsworth, UK: Puffin, 1993.

Holland, Isabelle. Heads You Win, Tails I Lose. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1973.

Holland, Norman. 5 Readers Reading. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1975.

Hollindale, Peter. Signs of Childness in Children’s Books. Stroud, UK: Thimble Press, 1997.

—. Ideology and the Children’s Book. Woodchester, UK: Thimble Press, 1998.

Holmes, Mary J. ‘Lena Rivers. New York: G. W. Dillingham Co., 1856.

Holt, John. How Children Learn. 1967. Rev. ed. New York: Dell, 1983.

Homes, A. M. Jack. New York: Vintage, 1990.

Honeyman, Susan. Elusive Childhood: Impossible Representations in Modern Fiction. London: Routledge, 2005.

Hopkins, Dianne McAfee. “The Library Bill of Rights and School Library Media Programs.” Library Trends 45, no. 1 (1996): 61-74.

Horn, Pamela. The Victorian Town Child. New York: New York University Press, 1997.

Horne, Jackie C. “Punishment as Performance in Catherine Sinclair’s Holiday House.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 26, no. 1 (2001): 22-32.

—. “Empire, Hysteria, and the Healthy Girl: The Deployment of the Body in Juliana Horatia Ewing’s Six to Sixteen.” Women’s Studies 33 (2004): 249-77.

Horvath, Polly. Everything on a Waffle. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2001.

Hourihan, Margery. Deconstructing the Hero: Literary Theory and Children’s Literature. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Howes, Craig. “Afterword.” In The Ethics of Life Writing, edited by P. J. Eakin, 244-64. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2004.

Howker, Janni. The Nature of the Beast. London: Julia MacRae, 1985.

Huggan, Graham. Australian Literature: Postcolonialism, Racism, Transnationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Hughes, Felicity. “Children’s Literature: Theory and Practice.” ELH 45, no. 3 (1978): 542-61.

Hughes, Langston. “Books and the Negro Child.” Children’s Library Yearbook 4 (1932a): 108-10.

—. The Dream Keeper and Other Poems. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1932b.

Hughes, Monica. Keeper of the Isis Light. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1980.

Hughes, Richard. The Spider’s Palace and Other Stories. 1931. Harmondsworth, UK: Puffin, 1972.

Hughes, Ted. The Iron Man: A Children’s Story in Five Nights. London: Faber, 1968.

Hughes, Thomas. Tom Brown’s Schooldays. 1857. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Hulme, Peter. “Including America.” Ariel 26, no. 1 (1995): 117-20.

Hunt, Caroline. “Young Adult Literature Evades the Theorists.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 21, no. 1 (1996): 4-11.

Hunt, Peter. “Childist Criticism: The Subculture of the Child, the Book and the Critic.” Signal 43 (January 1984): 42-59.

—. Criticism, Theory, and Children’s Literature. Oxford: Blackwell, 1991.

—. “Passing on the Past: the Problem of Books That Are for Children and That Were for Children.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 21, no. 4 (1996): 200-202.

—. “Censorship and Children’s Literature in Britain Now, or The Return of Abigail.” Children’s Literature in Education 28, no. 2 (1997): 95-103.

Hunt, Peter, and Karen Sands. “The View from the Center: British Empire and Post-Empire Children’s Literature.” In Voices of the Other: Children’s Literature and the Postcolonial Context, edited by Roderick McGillis. New York: Routledge, 2000.

Hunter, J. D. Culture Wars: The Struggle to Define America. New York: Basic, 1991.

—. The Death of Character: Moral Education in an Age without Good or Evil. New York: Basic, 2000.

Hunter, Mollie. Talent Is Not Enough. New York: Harper and Row, 1976.

Huskey, Melynda. “Queering the Picture Book.” The Lion and the Unicorn 26 (2002): 66-77.

Hutcheon, Linda. The Politics of Postmodernism. New York: Rout-ledge, 1989.

Huyssen, Andreas. After the Great Divide: Modernism, Mass Culture, Postmodernism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1986.

Hyman, Trina Schart, illustrator. Little Red Riding Hood. New York: Holiday House, 1983.

Immel, Andrea. Revolutionary Reviewing: Sarah Trimmer’s “Guardian of Education” and the Cultural Politics of Juvenile Literature: An Index to “The Guardian”. Los Angeles: Department of Special Collections, University Research Library, UCLA, 1990.

Inglis, Fred. The Promise of Happiness: Value and Meaning in Children’s Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Inkamala, Jennifer. The Rainbow Serpent. Alice Springs, Australia: Yipirinya (Yeperenye) School Council, 1988.

Ionesco, Eugene. Story Number 1. 1967. Illustrated by Joel Naprstek. Translated by Calvin K. Towle. New York: Harlin Quist, 1978a.

—. Story Number 2. 1970. Illustrated by Gerard Failly. Translated by Calvin K. Towle. New York: Harlin Quist, 1978b.

—. Story Number 3. Illustrated by Philippe Corentin. Translated by Ciba Vaughan. New York: Harlin Quist, 1971.

Iser, Wolfgang. The Implied Reader. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1974.

Italiano, Gabriela. “Reading Latin America: Issues in the Evaluation of Latino Children’s Books in Spanish and English.” Evaluating Children’s Books: A Critical Look: Aesthetic, Social, and Political Aspects of Analyzing and Using Children’s Books. Edited by Betsy Hearne and Roger Sutton. Urbana-Champaign, IL: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 119-32. Online at (accessed July 29, 2010).

Jackson, Kathryn, and Byron Jackson. The Saggy Baggy Elephant. Illustrated by Gustav Tenggren. 1947. Racine, WI: Western, 1974.

Jacobs, Alan. Original Sin: A Cultural History. New York: Harper-Collins, 2008.

Jacobs, Joseph. English Fairy Tales. London: David Nutt, 1890.

James, Henry. “The Future of the Novel.” 1899. In Felicity A. Hughes, “Children’s Literature: Theory and Practice.” ELH 45, no. 3 (1978): 542-61.

—. A Little Tour in France. 1883-84. Rev. ed. Illustrated by Joseph Pennell. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1900a.

—. “The Future of the Novel.” 1889. New York Times, August 11, 1900b.

—. The Turn of the Screw. 1898. Edited by Robert Kimbrough. New York: Norton, 1966.

Jameson, Fredric. The Political Unconscious: Narrative as a Socially Symbolic Act. New York: Routledge, 1981.

—. Postmodernism; or, the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1991.

Janeway, James. A Token for Children. 1671-72. New York: Garland, 1977.

Janiewski, Dolories. “Gendering, Racializing and Classifying: Settler Colonization in the United States, 1590-1990.” In Unsettling Settler Societies: Articulations of Gender, Race, Ethnicity and Class, edited by Daiva Stasiulis and Nira Yuval-Davis. London: Sage, 1995.

Jansson, Tove. The Book about Moomin, Mymble and Little My. 1952. English version by Sophie Hannah. London: Sort of Books, 2004.

Jarrell, Randall. The Bat-Poet. Illustrated by Maurice Sendak. New York: Macmillan, 1964.

Jefferies, Richard. Bevis: The Story of a Boy. 1882. Edited by Peter Hunt. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Jenkins, Elwyn. National Character in South African English Children’s Literature. New York: Routledge, 2006.

Jenkins, Henry, ed. The Children’s Culture Reader. New York: New York University Press, 1998.

Jensen, Jeffry. Sports. Vero Beach, FL: Rourke Publications, 1995.

Johnson, A. E. Clarence and Corrine, or God’s Way. Philadelphia: American Baptist Publications Society, 1890.

Johnson, Crockett. Harold and the Purple Crayon. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1955.

—. Harold’s ABC. New York: Harper and Row, 1963.

Johnson, Deidre. Edward Stratemeyer and the Stratemeyer Syndicate. New York: Twayne, 1993.

Johnson, Dianne. Telling Tales: The Pedagogy and Promise of African American Literature for Youth. New York: Greewood, 1990.

Johnson, Ingrid, Joyce Bainbridge, and Farha Shariff. “Exploring Issues of National Identity, Ideology and Diversity in Contemporary Canadian Picture Books.” Papers 17, no. 2 (2007): 75-83.

Jonas, Ann. Round Trip. 1983. New York: Mulberry, 1990.

Jones, Amelia. “Beauty Discourse and the Logic of Aesthetics.” In Aesthetics in a Multicultural Age, edited by Emory Elliot, Louis F. Caton, and Jeffry Rhyne, 215-39. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Jones, Diana Wynne. Howl’s Moving Castle. London: Collins, 1986.

Jones, Gerard. Killing Monsters: Why Children Need Fantasy, Super Heroes, and Make-Believe Violence. New York: Basic, 2002.

Joosen, Vanessa. “Realism.” In Oxford Encyclopedia of Children’s Literature, edited by Jack Zipes, 3:328. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Jordan, Alice M. Children’s Classics: With a List of Recommended Editions by Paul Heins. 1947. Boston: Horn Book, 1976.

Jordan, Anne Devereaux. “ChLA Notes.” Children’s Literature 3 (1974): 249-50.

Jordan, Mary Kate, Abby Levine, and Judith Friedman. Losing Uncle Tom. Morton Grove, IL: Albert Whitman, 1989.

Juno, Andrea, ed. Dangerous Drawings: Interviews with Comix and Graphix Artists. New York: Juno, 1997.

Juster, Norton. The Phantom Tollbooth. 1961. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1989.

Kadohata, Cynthia. Kira-Kira. New York: Atheneum, 2004.

Kahane, Reuven. The Origins of Postmodern Youth: Informal Youth Movements in a Comparative Perspective. Berlin: DeGruyter, 1997.

Kamenetsky, Christa. The Brothers Grimm and Their Critics: Folktales and the Quest for Meaning. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1992.

Kamm, Josephine. Young Mother. London: Heinemann, 1968.

Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Judgment. 1790. Translated by Werner S. Pluhar. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 1987.

Kantor, A. “Case against Julie Amero Needs to Be Deleted.” USA Today, March 16, 2007.

Karolides, Nicholas J. “Political Smoke and Mirrors: The “Hidden Agenda” of Censorship.” Wisconsin English Journal 41, no. 2 (1999): 16-24.

Kaye, Geraldine. Comfort Herself. 1984. London: Methuen, 1986.

Kearney, Mary Celeste. “Coalescing: The Development of Girls’ Studies.” NWSA Journal 21, no. 1 (2009): 1-28.

Keats, Ezra Jack. The Snowy Day. 1962. New York: Puffin, 1976.

Keats, John. “To George and Georgiana Keats, 27 September 1819.” In The Letters of John Keats 1814-1821, Volume Two, 1819-1821, edited by Hyder Edward Rollins, 188. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1958.

Keith, Lois. Take Up Thy Bed and Walk: Death, Disability and Cure in Classic Fiction for Girls. London: Women’s Press, 2001.

Kelly, Eric Philbrook. The Trumpeter of Krakow. New York: Macmillan, 1928.

Kemble, E. W. A Coon Alphabet. New York: R. H. Russell, 1898.

Kemp, Gene. The Turbulent Term of Tyke Tiler. London: Faber, 1977.

Kermode, Frank. The Classic: Literary Images of Permanence and Change. New York: Viking, 1975.

Kertes, Joseph. The Gift. Illustrated by Peter Perko. Toronto: Groundwood, 1995.

Kertzer, Adrienne. “Reclaiming Her Maternal Pre-Text: Little Red Riding Hood’s Mother and Three Young Adult Novels.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 21, no. 1 (1996): 20-27.

Keyser, Elizabeth Lennox. Little Women: A Family Romance. New York: Twayne, 1999.

Khorana, Meena. Critical Perspectives on Postcolonial African Children’s and Young Adult Literature. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1998.

Kidd, Kenneth. “Introduction: Lesbian/Gay Literature for Children and Young Adults.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 23, no. 3 (1998): 114-19.

—. “Children’s Culture, Children’s Studies, and the Ethno-graphic Imaginary.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 27, no. 3 (2002), 146-55.

—. Making American Boys: Boyology and the Feral Tale. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004.

—. “How to Make a Children’s Classic: The Middlebrow Projects of Louise Seaman Bechtel and Morton Schindel.” Journal of Children’s Literature Studies 3, no. 2 (2006): 51-79.

—. “Prizing Children’s Literature: The Case of Newbery Gold.” Children’s Literature 35 (2007): 166-90.

Kincaid, James. Child-Loving: The Erotic Child and Victorian Culture. New York: Routledge, 1992.

—. Erotic Innocence: The Culture of Child Molesting. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1998.

—. “Dickens and the Construction of the Child.” In Dickens and the Children of Empire, edited by Wendy S. Jacobson, 29-42. New York: Palgrave, 2000.

Kincaid, Paul. “On the Origins of Genre.” In Speculations on Speculation: Theories of Science Fiction, edited by James Gunn and Matthew Candelaria, 41-53. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2005.

King, Thomas, and William Kent Monkman. A Coyote Columbus Story. Toronto: Douglas and McIntyre, 1992.

Kingsley, Charles. The Heroes; or, Greek Fairy Tales for My Children. New York: Dutton, 1856.

—. The Water-Babies: A Fairy-Tale for a Land-Baby. London: Macmillan, 1863.

Kipling, Rudyard. The Jungle Book. 1894. Garden City, NY: Doubleday 1964.

—. The Second Jungle Book. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1895.

Kivy, Peter. The Performance of Reading: An Essay in the Philosophy of Literature. Oxford: Blackwell, 2006.

Klein, Norma. Mom, the Wolf Man, and Me. New York: Pantheon, 1972.

—. It’s Not What You Expect. New York: Pantheon, 1973.

—. Naomi in the Middle. New York: Dial, 1974.

—. It’s Okay If You Don’t Love Me. New York: Dial, 1977.

—. Tomboy. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1978.

Klingberg, Göte. Facets of Children’s Literature Research: Collected and Revised Writings. Stockholm: Swedish Institute for Children’s Books, 2008.

Knoepflmacher, U. C. “The Hansel and Gretel Syndrome: Survivorship Fantasies and Parental Desertion.” Children’s Literature 33 (2005): 171-84.

Knoepflmacher, U. C., and Mitzi Myers, guest editors. “Cross-Writing Child and Adult.” Special issue. Children’s Literature 25 (1997).

Knowles, Elizabeth. “Cato, Marcus Porcius.” In The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Knowles, John. A Separate Peace. New York: Bantam, 1959.

Knox, Elizabeth. Dreamhunter. Toronto: Penguin, 2005.

Konigsburg, E. L. From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler. New York: Atheneum, 1967.

—. Silent to the Bone. New York: Atheneum, 2000.

Kostick, Conor. “William of Tyre, Livy, and the Vocabulary of Class.” Journal of the History of Ideas 65, no. 3 (2005): 353-68.

Kozol, Jonathan. Savage Inequalities: Children in America’s Schools. New York: Crown, 1991.

Krumgold, Joseph. . . . and now Miguel. New York: Crowell, 1953.

Kunzle, David. Father of the Comic Strip: Rodolphe Töpffer. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2007.

Kusugak, Michael. Baseball Bats for Christmas. Toronto: Annick, 1990.

Kutzer, M. Daphne. Empire’s Children: Empire and Imperialism in Classic British Children’s Books. New York: Routledge, 2000.

Laínez, René Colato. I Am René, the Boy / Soy René, el Niño. Houston: Piñata Books, 2005.

Lamont, Charles, director. War Babies. Presented by Robert M. Savini. Perf. Shirley Temple. Educational Pictures, 1932. Shirley Temple: The Early Years Collection (DVD). American Home Treasures, 2000.

Lancaster, Joseph. Improvements in Education as it Respects the Industrious Classes of the Community. 3d ed. 1805. Clifton, NJ: A. M. Kelly, 1973.

Langbauer, Laurie. “The Ethics and Practice of Lemony Snicket: Adolescence and Generation X.” PMLA 122, no. 2 (2007): 502-21.

Larrick, Nancy. “The All-White World of Children’s Books.” Saturday Review of Literature 48, no. 37 (1965): 63-65, 84-85.

Lavalette, Michael, ed. A Thing of the Past? Child Labour in Britain in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. New York: St. Martin’s, 1999.

Lear, Edward. A Book of Nonsense. London: McLean, 1846.

—. Nonsense Songs, Stories, Botany and Alphabets. London: R. J. Bush, 1871.

—. More Nonsense, Pictures, Rhymes, Botany, etc. London: R. J. Bush, 1872.

—. Laughable Lyrics: A Fourth Book of Nonsense Poems, Songs, Botany, Music, etc. London: R. J. Bush, 1877.

—. Nonsense Songs and Stories. London: Frederick Warne, 1894.

Lear, Linda. Beatrix Potter: A Life in Nature. New York: Allen Lane, 2007.

Leavitt, Martine. Tom Finder. Calgary, AB: Red Deer, 2003.

Le Doux, Joseph. The Emotional Brain: The Mysterious Underpinnings of Emotional Life. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998.

Leeson, Robert. Reading and Righting: The Past, Present and Future of Fiction for the Young. London: Collins, 1985.

Le Guin, Ursula K. “From Elfland to Poughkeepsie.” 1973. Reprinted in The Language of the Night: Essays on Fantasy and Science Fiction, edited by Susan Wood. New York: Putnam, 1979.

—. The Earthsea Quartet. 1968-90. London: Penguin, 1993.

Lehr, Susan, ed. Battling Dragons—Issues and Controversy in Children’s Literature. Portsmouth, NH: Reed Elsevier, 1995.

—. Beauty, Brains and Brawn: The Construction of Gender in Children’s Literature. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2001.

Lent, John A., ed. Pulp Demons: International Dimensions of the Postwar Anti-Comics Campaign. London: Associated University Presses, 1999.

Lerer, Seth. Children’s Literature: A Reader’s History, from Aesop to Harry Potter. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.

Lesnik-Oberstein, Karin. “Childhood and Textuality: Culture, History, Literature.” In Children in Culture: Approaches to Childhood, edited by Karin Lesnik-Oberstein, 1-28. New York: St. Martin’s, 1998.

Lester, Julius, and Jerry Pinkney. Sam and the Tigers. New York: Dial, 1996.

Levine, Judith. Harmful to Minors: The Perils of Protecting Children from Sex. New York: Thunder’s Mouth, 2002.

Levine, Lawrence. Highbrow/Lowbrow: The Emergence of Cultural Hierarchy in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1988.

Levithan, David. Boy Meets Boy. 2003. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005.

Lewis, C. S. That Hideous Strength: A Modern Fairy-Tale for GrownUps. London: John Lane, 1945.

—. The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe. London: Bles, 1950.

—. Prince Caspian. London: Bles, 1951.

—. The Voyage of the Dawn Treader. London: Bles, 1952.

—. The Silver Chair. London: Bles, 1953.

—. The Horse and His Boy. London: Bles, 1954.

—. The Magician’s Nephew. London: Bles, 1955.

—. The Last Battle. London: The Bodley Head, 1956.

—. “On Stories.” 1947. In Of Other Worlds: Essays and Stories, edited by W. Hooper, 3-21. London: Bles, 1966.

Lewis, David. Reading Contemporary Picturebooks: Picturing Text. New York and London: Routledge/Falmer, 2001.

Lewis, Magda. “Are Indians Nicer Now? What Children Learn from Books about Native North Americans.” In How Much Truth Do We Tell the Children? The Politics of Children’s Literature, edited by Betty Bacon, 135-56. Minneapolis: MEP Publications, 1988.

Lindgrin, Astrid. 1945. Pippi Longstocking. Translated by F. Lam-born. New York: Viking, 1950.

Lionni, Leo. Little Blue and Little Yellow. 1959. New York: Harper-Collins, 1995.

Lipsyte, Robert. One Fat Summer. New York: Harper Trophy, 1977.

Lissitzky, El. About Two Red Squares: A Suprematist Tale about Two Squares in Six Constructions. 1922. Berlin: Sythian. Translated for “Modernism in the Picture Book.” Online at

A Little Pretty Pocket-Book. London: John Newbery, 1744.

Lloyd, Rosemary. “Twenty Thousand Leagues below Modernism.” In Modernity, Modernism and Children’s Literature, edited by Ulf Boethius, 51-74. Stockholm: Stockholm University, 1998.

Lloyd, Saci. The Carbon Diaries 2015. London: Hodder, 2008.

Locke, John. An Essay concerning Human Understanding. 1690. New York: Meridian, 1964.

—. Some Thoughts concerning Education, vol. 37, part 1. 1693. The Harvard Classics. New York: P. F. Collier and Son, 1909- 14. Online at

Lofting, Hugh. The Story of Dr. Dolittle. 1920. New York: Dell, 1988.

Logan, Mawuena Kossi. Narrating Africa: George Henty and the Fiction of Empire. New York: Routledge, 1999.

Lott, Eric. “Class.” In Keywords for American Cultural Studies, edited by Bruce Burgett and Glenn Hendler, 49-52. New York: New York University Press, 2007.

Lowe, Viriginia. Stories, Pictures and Reality: Two Children Tell. London: Routledge, 2007.

Lowrey, Janette Sebring. The Poky Little Puppy. Illustrated by Gustav Tenggren. 1942. Racine, WI: Western, 1997.

Lowry, Lois. The Giver. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1993.

—. The Willoughbys. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2008.

Lucashenko, Melissa. “Black on Black.” Meanjin 59, no. 3 (1999): 112-18.

Lundin, Anne. Constructing the Canon of Children’s Literature: Beyond Library Walls and Ivory Towers. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Lurie, Alison. Don’t Tell the Grown-Ups: Subversive Children’s Literature. Boston: Little, Brown, 1990.

Lyga, Allison A. W., and Barry Lyga. Graphic Novels in Your Media Center: A Definitive Guide. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited, 2004.

Lyga, Barry. Boy Toy. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2007.

Lynch, Chris. Shadow Boxer . New York: HarperCollins, 1993.

—. Inexcusable. New York: Atheneum Books for Young Readers, 2005.

Lyotard, Jean-François. The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1984.

Macaulay, Catherine. “Letter IV: Amusement and Instruction of Boys and Girls to Be the Same.” In Letters on Education. 1790. London: Pickering and Chatto, 1996.

Macaulay, David. Castle. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977.

—. Black and White. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1990.

—. The Way We Work: Getting to Know the Amazing Human Body. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2008.

MacCann, Donnarae. White Supremacy in Children’s Literature: Characterizations of African Americans, 1830-1900. New York: Routledge, 1998.

—. “Editor’s Introduction: Racism and Antiracism: Forty Years of Theories and Debates.” The Lion and the Unicorn 25, no. 3 (2001): 337-52.

MacDonald, George. At the Back of the North Wind. 1871. With twelve illustrations in color by Maria L. Kirk. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1909.

—. “The Fantastic Imagination.” In The Gifts of the Child Christ: Fairy Tales and Stories for the Childlike. 1882/93. Reprint, edited by Glenn Edward Sadler. Grand Rapids, MI: William B Eerdmans, 1973.

MacDowell, Myles. “Fiction for Children and Adults: Some Essential Differences.” Children’s Literature in Education 10 (1973). Reprinted in Writers, Critics and Children, edited by Geoff Fox et al., 140-56. New York: Agathon; London: Heine-mann, 1976.

Mackey, Margaret. The Case of Peter Pan: Changing Conditions of Literature for Children. New York: Garland, 1998.

MacLean, Paul D. The Triune Brain in Evolution: Role in Paleocerebral Functions. New York: Plenum, 1990.

MacLeod, A. “Censorship and Children’s Literature.” Library Quarterly 53, no. 1 (1983): 26-38.

Madsen, Jane M., and Elaine B. Wickersham. “A Look at Young Children’s Realistic Fiction.” The Reading Teacher 34, no. 3 (1980): 273-79.

Malcolm, Noel. The Origins of English Nonsense. London: Fontana, 1998.

Mallan, Kerry. Gender Dilemmas in Children’s Fiction. Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Malzberg, Barry. “The Number of the Beast.” In Speculations on Speculation: Theories of Science Fiction, edited by James Gunn and Matthew Candelaria, 37-40. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2005.

Manguel, Alberto. The City of Words. London: Continuum 2008.

Maracle, Lee. Will’s Garden. Pentictono, BC: Theytus, 2002.

Marchetta, Melina. Looking for Alibrandi. Ringwood, Australia: Penguin, 1992.

Marcus, Leonard S. Golden Legacy: How Golden Books Won Children’s Hearts, Changed Publishing Forever, and Became an American Icon along the Way. New York: Golden Books, 2007.

—. Minders of Make-Believe: Idealists, Entrepreneurs, and the Shaping of American Children’s Literature. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2008.

Martin, Michelle H. Brown Gold: Milestones of African-American Children’s Picture Books, 1845-2002. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Martinson, Floyd M. The Sexual Life of Children. Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey, 1994.

Marx, Karl. Capital: A Critique of Political Economy, vols 1-3. 1859. Edited by Frederick Engels and translated by Samuel Moore and Edward Aveling. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1974.

May, Jill P. Children’s Literature and Critical Theory. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

McArthur, Tom. “Bowdlerize.” Concise Oxford Campanion to English Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. Online at (accessed September 19, 2009).

McCallum, Robyn. “Cultural Solipsism, National Identities and the Discourse of Multiculturalism in Australian Picture Books.” Ariel 28, no. 1 (1997): 101-16.

—. Ideologies of Identity in Adolescent Fiction. New York: Garland, 1999.

McCaughrean, Geraldine. A Pack of Lies: Twelve Stories in One. 1988. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

McCloud, Scott. Understanding Comics. Northampton, MA: Kitchensink, 1993.

McDonald, Meme, and Boori Monty Pryor. Njunjul the Sun. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen and Unwin, 2002.

McGann, Jerome. The Romantic Ideology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977.

McGillis, Roderick. “Calling a Voice out of Silence: Hearing What We Read.” Children’s Literature in Education 15, no. 1 (1984): 22-29.

—. “The Embrace: Narrative Voice and Children’s Books.” Canadian Children’s Literature 63 (1991): 24-40.

—. A Little Princess: Empire and Gender. New York: Twayne, 1996.

—. “Keep on Keepin’ On: Dialogue on History”. Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 22, no. 3 (1997): 142-43.

—. “The Delights of Impossibility: No Children, No Books, Only Theory.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 23, no. 4 (1998): 202-8.

—. Voices of the Other: Children’s Literature and the Postcolonial Context. New York: Garland, 1999.

McGuffey, William Holmes. McGuffey’s First [-6] Eclectic Reader (1836). Eclectic Educational Series. New York: New York American Book Co., 1920-21.

McInally, Kathryn. “Not Quite White (Enough): Intersecting Ethnic and Gendered Identities in Looking for Alibrandi.” Papers 17, no. 2 (2007): 59-66.

—. “Who Wears the Pants? The (Multi) Cultural Politics of The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants.” Children’s Literature in Education 39 (2008): 187-200.

McKibben, Bill. The End of Nature. New York: Viking Penguin, 1990.

McMillan, Cheryl. “Playing with Frames: Spatial Images in Children’s Fiction.” In Children’s Literature and the Fin de Siècle, edited by Roderick McGillis. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2003.

McNair, Jonda, and Wanda Brooks, eds. Embracing, Evaluating and Examining African American Children’s and Young Adult Literature. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2008.

Medina, Carmen L., and Patricia Enciso. “‘Some Words Are Messengers/Hay Palabras Mensajeras’: Interpreting Sociopolitical Themes in Latino/a Children’s Literature.” New Advocate 15, no. 1 (2002): 35-47.

Meek, Margaret [Spencer]. On Being Literate. London: Bodley Head, 1991.

Mendlesohn, Farah. “Is There Any Such Thing as Children’s Science Fiction? A Position Piece.” The Lion and the Unicorn 28 (2004): 284-313.

—. Diana Wynne Jones: Children’s Literature and the Fantastic Tradition. London: Routledge, 2005.

Metzger, George. Beyond Time and Again. Huntington Beach, CA: Kyle and Wheary, 1976.

Meyer, Stephenie. Twilight. New York: Little, Brown, 2005.

—. New Moon. New York: Little, Brown, 2006.

—. Eclipse. New York: Little, Brown, 2007.

—. Breaking Dawn. New York: Little, Brown, 2008.

Mickenberg, Julia L. Learning from the Left: Children’s Literature, the Cold War, and Radical Politics in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Mickenberg, Julia L., and Philip Nel, eds. Tales for Little Rebels: A Collection of Radical Children’s Literature. New York: New York University Press, 2008.

Midgley, Claire, ed. Gender and Imperialism. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998.

Miller, J. Hillis. Illustration. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.

Mills, Claudia. “The Ethics of the Author/Audience Relationship in Children’s Fiction.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 22, no. 4 (1997): 181-87.

Mills, Richard. “Perspectives of Childhood.” In Childhood Studies: A Reader in Perspectives of Childhood, edited by Jean Mill and Richard Mills, 7-38. New York: Routledge, 2000.

Milne, A. A. Winnie-the-Pooh. London: Methuen, 1926.

Milton, John. Paradise Lost. 1667. Edited by Alastair Fowler. London: Pearson Longman, 2007.

Minarik, Else Holmelund. Little Bear. Illustrated by Maurice Sendak. 1957. New York: HarperCollins, 1985.

Minter, J. The Insiders. London: Bloomsbury, 2004.

Mintz, Steven. Huck’s Raft: A History of American Childhood. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.

Mitchell, Claudia, and Jacqueline Reid-Walsh. Researching Children’s Popular Culture: The Cultural Spaces of Girlhood. London: Routledge, 2002.

—. “Girl-Method: Placing Girl-Centered Research Methodologies on the Map of Girlhood Studies.” In Roadblocks to Eequality: Women Challenging Boundaries, edited by J. Klaehn, 214-33. Montreal: Black Rose, 2009.

Mitchell, Margaret. Gone with the Wind. New York: Macmillan, 1936.

Mitchell, Sally. The New Girl: Girls’ Culture in England, 1880-1915. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995.

Mitchell, Sebastian. “‘But Cast Their Eyes on These Little Wretched Beings’: The Innocence and Experience of Children in the Late Eighteenth Century.” New Formations 42 (2000): 115-30.

Mitchell, W. J. T. Iconology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986.

—. Picture Theory: Essays on Verbal and Visual Representation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

—. “Visual Literacy or Literary Visualcy?” In Visual Literacy, edited by James Elkins, 11-29. New York: Routledge, 2008.

Moebius, William. “Introduction to Picture Book Codes.” Word and Image: A Journal of Verbal/Visual Enquiry 2, no. 2 (1986): 141-58.

—. “Informing Adult Readers: Symbolic Experience in Children’s Literature.” In Reading World Literature: Theory, History, Practice, edited by Sarah Lawall, 309-27. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1994.

—. “Making the Front Page: Views of Women, Women’s Views in the Picturebook.” In Girls, Boys, Books, Toys: Feminist Theory and Children’s Culture, edited by Margaret R. Higonnet and Beverly Lyon Clark, 112-129. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.

—. “Introduction: Aura and Prestige: The Literary and the Picture Book.” In Aesthetics and Memory in the Picture Book. Forthcoming.

Moers, Ellen. The Dandy: Brummell to Beerbohm. New York: Viking, 1960.

Mohanty, Chandra Talpade. “Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses.” Feminist Review 30 (1988): 61-88.

Mohr, Richard D. “The Pedophilia of Everyday Life.” 1996. In Curiouser: On the Queerness of Children, edited by Steven Bruhm and Natasha Hurley, 17-30. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004.

Monaghan, Jennifer E. Learning to Read and Write in Colonial Americ a. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2005.

Montgomery, L. M. Anne of Green Gables. 1907. Edited by Cecily Devereaux. Peterborough, ON: Broadview, 2004.

—. Jane of Lantern Hill. 1937. Online at (accessed July 10, 2008).

Moon, M. “‘The Gentle Boy from the Dangerous Classes’: Pederasty, Domesticity, and Capitalism in Horatio Alger.” In Curiouser: On the Queerness of Children, edited by Steven Bruhm and Natasha Hurley, 31-56. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004.

Moore, Anne Carroll. “The Three Owls’ Notebook.” Horn Book 14 (1938): 31-33.

Mora, Pat. Confetti: Poems for Children. New York: Lee and Low, 1996.

—. The Rainbow Tulip. New York: Puffin, 1999.

More, Sir Thomas. Utopia. 1516. Translated by Gilbert Burnet. London: Printed by Richard Chiswell, 1684.

Morgenstern, John. “The Rise of Children’s Literature Reconsidered.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 26, no. 2 (2001): 64-73.

Mori, Kyoko. Shizuko’s Daughter. New York: Fawcett, 1994.

Morley, David. Home Territories: Media, Mobility and Identity. London: Routledge, 2000.

—. “Audience.” In New Keywords: A Revised Vocabulary of Cultures and Society, edited by Tony Bennett, Lawrence Grossberg, and Meaghan Morris. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2005.

Morris, M. “Unresting the Curriculum: Queer Projects, Queer Imaginings.” In Queer Theory in Education, edited by William F. Pinar, 275-86. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998.

Moss, Gemma. “Gender and Literacy.” In Encyclopedia of Language and Education, Vol. 2: Literacy, 2d ed., edited by B. V. Street and N. H. Hornberger, 95-105. New York: Springer, 2008.

Mott, F. L. A History of American Magazines, 1850-1865, vol. 2. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1938.

Mullin, Katherine. James Joyce, Sexuality and Social Purity New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Müller, Sonja. “Die Gründerjahre der Internationalen Forschungsgesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendliteratur. Diskussionen und Projekte 1970-1978” [The early years of IRSCL—International Research Society for Children’s Literature: Discussions and Projects from 1970 to 1978]. Paper presented at the 19th Biennial Congress of the International Research Society for Children’s Literature, Frankfurt, Germany, August 8, 2009.

Mulock, Dinah. John Halifax, Gentleman. 1856. Online, July 7, 2008,

Munsch, Robert. The Paper Bag Princess. Illustrated by Michale Martchenko. 1980. London: Scholastic, 1993.

Murji, Karim. “Race.” In New Keywords: A Revised Vocabulary of Culture and Society, edited by Tony Bennett, Lawrence Grossberg, and Meaghan Morris, 290-96. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2005.

Murray, Gail Schmunk. American Children’s Literature and the Construction of Childhood. New York: Twayne, 1998.

Myers, Mitzi. “Quixotes, Orphans, and Subjectivity: Maria Edgeworth’s Georgian Heroinism and the (En)Gendering of Young Adult Fiction.” The Lion and the Unicorn 13, no. 1 (1989): 21-40.

—. “Introduction.” In Revolutionary Reviewing: Sarah Trimmer’s “Guardian of Education” and the Cultural Politics of Juvenile Literature: An Index to “The Guardian,” by Andrea Immel. Los Angeles: Department of Special Collections, University Research Library, UCLA, 1990.

—. “De-Romanticizing the Subject: Maria Edgeworth’s ‘The Bracelets,’ Mythologies of Origin, and the Daughter’s Coming to Writing.” In Romantic Women Writers: Voices and Countervoices, edited by P. Feldman and T. M. Kelley. Hanover: University Press of New England, 1995.

—. “Reading Children and Homeopathic Romanticism.” In Literature and the Child: Romantic Continuations, Postmodern Contestations, edited by James Holt McGavran. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1999.

Myers, Walter Dean. Monster. New York: HarperCollins, 1999.

Myracle, Lauren. ttyl. New York: Amulet, 2004.

Nabokov, Vladimir. Lolita. New York: Putnam, 1955.

Nadelman, Ruth Lynn. Fantasy Literature for Children and Young Adults: A Comprehensive Guide. 5th ed. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited, 2005.

National Literacy Trust. “Transforming Lives: Policy.” Online at (accessed September 17, 2009).

Natov, Roni. “Harry Potter and the Extraordinariness of the Ordinary.” The Lion and the Unicorn 25 (2001): 310-27.

—. The Poetics of Childhood. London: Routledge, 2003.

Naylor, Phyllis Reynolds. The Grooming of Alice. New York: Atheneum, 2000.

Neal, Larry. “The Black Arts Movement.” In The Black Aesthetic, edited by Addison Gayle, Jr., 272-90. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1971.

Needle, Jan. Wild Wood. London: Deutsch, 1981.

Nel, Philip. “Is There a Text in This Advertising Campaign? Literature, Marketing, and Harry Potter.” The Lion and the Unicorn 29, no. 2 (2005): 236-67.

Nelson, Blake. Paranoid Park. New York: Penguin-Speak, 2006.

Nelson, Claudia. “Selected Bibliography of Multicultural Children’s Literature.” Unpublished paper, 1994.

—. “Girls’ Fiction.” In Girlhood in America: An Encyclopedia, edited by Miriam Formanek-Brunell, 327-33. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC CLIO, 2001.

—. “That Other Eden: Adult Education and Youthful Sexuality in The Pearl, 1879-1880.” In Sexual Pedagogies: Sex Education in Britain, Australia, and America, 1879-2000, edited by Claudia Nelson and Michelle H. Martin, 15-32. New York: Palgrave, 2004.

Nelson, Katherine, ed. Narratives from the Crib. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1989.

Nesbit, E. Nine Unlikely Tales for Children. London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1901.

—. The Railway Children. 1906. London: Ernest Benn, 1957.

New England Primer. 1777. In Norton Anthology of Children’s Literature: Traditions in English, edited by Jack Zipes et al., 88-128. New York: Norton, 2005.

Newell, Peter. Topsys & Turvys. 1902. New York: Dover, 1964.

—. The Hole Book. 1908. Boston: Tuttle, 1985.

—. The Rocket Book. 1912. Boston: Tuttle, 1969.

Newman, Lesléa. Heather Has Two Mommies. Illustrated by Diana Souza. Los Angeles: Alyson Wonderland, 1989.

—. The Boy Who Cried Fabulous. Illustrated by Peter Ferguson. Berkeley, CA.: Tricycle, 2004.

Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o, and Emmanuel Kariũki. Njamba Nene and the Flying Bus. Translated by Wangũi wa Goro. Nairobi: Heinemann Kenya, 1982. Translation of Njamba Nene na Mbaathi i Mathagu. Nairobi: Heinemann Kenya, 1982.

—. Njamba Nene’s Pistol. Translated by Wangũi wa Goro. Nairobi: Heinemann Kenya, 1986. Translated of Bathitoora ya Njamba Nene. Nairobi: Heinemann Kenya, 1984.

Nikola-Lisa, W. “‘Around My Table’ Is Not Always Enough: A Response to Jacqueline Woodson.” Horn Book 74, no. 3 (1998): 315-19.

Nikolajeva, Maria. “Fantasy.” In The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales: The Western Fairy Tale Tradition from Medieval to Modern, edited by Jack Zipes, 150-54. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

—. “‘A Dream of Complete Idleness’: Depiction of Labour in Children’s Fiction.” The Lion and the Unicorn 26 (2002a): 305-21.

—. “Imprints of the Mind: The Depiction of Consciousness in Children’s Fiction. Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 26, no. 4 (2002b): 173-87.

—. The Rhetoric of Character in Children’s Literature. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2002c.

—. Aesthetic Approaches to Children’s Literature: An Introduction. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2005.

Nikolajeva, Maria, and Carole Scott. How Picture Books Work. New York: Routledge, 2000.

Nilsen, Alleen Pace, and Hamida Bosmajian, eds. “Special Issue: Censorship in Children’s Literature.” Para•Doxa: Studies in World Literature 2, nos. 3-4 (1996).

Nilsen, Alleen Pace, and Kenneth L. Donelson. Literature for Today’s Young Adults. 8th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2009.

Nilsson, Nina L. “How Does Hispanic Portrayal in Children’s Books Measure Up after 40 Years? The Answer Is ‘It Depends.'” The Reading Teacher 58, no. 6 (2005): 534-48.

Noakes, Vivien. “Introduction.” In Edward Lear: The Complete Verse and Other Nonsense. London: Penguin, 2001.

Nodelman, Perry. “Who’s Speaking? The Voices of Dennis Lee’s Poems for Children.” Canadian Children’s Literature 25 (1982): 4-17.

—, ed. Touchstones: Reflections on the Best in Children’s Literature, vols. 1-3. West Lafayette, IN: Children’s Literature Association, 1985-89.

—. Words about Pictures. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1988.

—. “The Other: Orientalism, Colonialism, and Children’s Literature.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 17, no. 1 (1992): 29-35.

—. The Pleasures of Children’s Literature. 1992. 2d ed. New York: Longman, 1996

—. “Pleasure and Genre: Speculations on the Characteristics of Children’s Fiction.” Children’s Literature 28 (2000): 1-14.

—. “Who the Boys Are: Thinking about Masculinity in Children’s Fiction.” New Advocate 15, no. 1 (2002): 9-18.

—. “At Home on Native Land: A Non-Aboriginal Canadian Scholar Discusses Aboriginality and Property in Canadian Double-Focalized Novels for Young Adults.” In Home Words: Discourses of Children’s Literature in Canada, edited by Mavis Reimer, 107-28. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2008a.

—. The Hidden Adult: Defining Children’s Literature. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008b.

Nodelman, Perry, and Mavis Reimer. The Pleasures of Children’s Literature. 3d ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2003.

Norcia, Megan A. “Angel of the Island: L. T. Meade’s New Girl as the Heir of a Nation-Making Robinson Crusoe.” The Lion and the Unicorn 28 (2004a): 345-62.

—. “Playing Empire: Children’s Parlor Games, Home Theatricals, and Improvisational Play.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 29, no. 4 (2004b): 294-314.

—. “Puzzling Empire: Early Puzzles and Dissected Maps as Imperial Heuristics.” Children’s Literature 37 (2009): 1-32.

Nyberg, Amy Kiste. Seal of Approval: The History of the Comics Code. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1998.

Oboler, Suzanne. Ethnic Labels, Latino Lives: Identity and the Politics of (Re)Presentation in the United States. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1995.

O’Brien, Sharon. “Tomboyism and Adolescent Conflict: Three Nineteenth-Century Case Studies.” In Woman’s Being, Woman’s Place: Female Identity and Vocation in American History, edited by Mary Kelley, 351-72. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1979.

Okami, Paul, Richard Olmstead, and Paul R. Abramson. “Sexual Experiences in Early Childhood: 18-Year Longitudinal Data for the UCLA Family Lifestyles Project.” Journal of Sex Research 34, no. 4 (1997): 339-47.

Oliver, Narelle. Dancing the Boom-Cha-Cha Boogie. Malvern, South Australia: Omnibus, 2005.

O’Malley, Andrew. The Making of the Modern Child: Children’s Literature and Childhood in the Late Eighteenth Century. New York: Routledge, 2003.

—. “Island Homemaking: Catharine Parr Traill’s Canadian Crusoes and the Robinsonade Tradition.” In Home Words: Discourses of Children’s Literature in Canada, edited by Mavis Reimer. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2008.

O’Neill, Alexis. Estela’s Swap. New York: Lew and Low, 2002.

Ord, Priscilla, ed. “Special Section on Children’s Folklore.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 6, no. 2 (1981): 11-34.

Origen, Erich, and Dan Golan. Goodnight Bush. Boston: Little, Brown, 2008.

Orwell, George. Animal Farm. London: Secker and Warburg, 1945.

Osgood, Samuel. “Books for Our Children.” Atlantic Monthly 16 (December 1865): 724-36.

Ostry, Ellen. “‘Is He Still Human? Are You?’ Young Adult Science Fiction in the Posthuman Age.” The Lion and the Unicorn 28 (2004): 222-46.

O’Sullivan, Emer. Comparative Children’s Literature. 2001. Translated by Anthea Bell. New York: Routledge, 2005.

Otten, Charlotte F., and Gary D. Schmidt. The Voice of the Narrator in Children’s Literature. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1989.

Owens, Robert E. Queer Kids: The Challenges and Promise for Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth. New York: Harrington Park, 1998.

Oxford English Dictionary. 2d ed. Edited by J. A. Simpson and E. S. C. Weiner. Oxford: Clarendon, 1989.

Oxford English Dictionary. 2d ed. Prepared by J. A. Simpson and E. C. S. Weiner, edited by Catherine Soames and Angus Stevenson. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Oxford English Dictionary Online. Online at (accessed 2001-9).

Padilla, Felix M. Latino Ethnic Consciousness: The Case of Mexican Americans and Puerto Ricans in Chicago. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1985.

Pakulski, Jan, and Malcolm Waters. The Death of Class. London: Sage, 1996.

Parkes, Christopher. “Treasure Island and the Romance of the British Civil Service.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 31, no. 4 (2006): 332-45.

Parkinson, Siobhán. Breaking the Wishbone. Dublin: O’Brien, 1999.

Parry, Benita. “Problems in Current Discourse Theory.” Oxford Literary Review 9 (1987): 27-58.

Parsons, Elizabeth. “The Appeal of the Underdog: Mr. Lunch and Left Politics as Entertainment.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 30, no. 4 (2005): 354-67.

Paterson, Katherine. Bridge to Terabithia. New York: Crowell, 1977.

—. The Great Gilly Hopkins. New York: HarperCollins, 1978

—. Jacob Have I Loved. New York: Crowell, 1980.

—. Gates of Excellence: On Reading and Writing Books for Children. New York: Elsevier/Nelson Books, 1981.

—. “My Life Is Based on a True Story.” Magpies 2 (May 1989): 5-10. Revised version of “Story of My Lives.” In The Spying Heart. New York: Dutton/Lodestar, 1989.

Patron, Susan. The Higher Power of Lucky. New York: Atheneum, 2006.

Pattee, Amy S. “Disturbing the Peace: The Function of Young Adult Literature and the Case of Catherine Atkins’ When Jeff Comes Home.” Children’s Literature in Education 35, no. 3 (2004): 241-55.

Paul, Lissa. “Escape Claws: Cover Stories on Lolly Willowes and Crusoe’s Daughter.” Signal 63 (Sept. 1990): 206-20.

—. “The Naked Truth about Being Literate.” Language Arts 77, no. 4 (2000): 335-42.

—. “Sex and the Children’s Book.” The Lion and the Unicorn 29 (2005): 222-35.

Paulsen, Gary. Hatchet. New York: Bradbury Press, 1987.

—. Hatchet: The Return. New York: Bradbury Press, 1991.

—. Brian’s Winter. New York: Delacorte, 1996.

Pawuk, Michael. Graphic Novels: A Genre Guide to Comic Books, Manga, and More. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited, 2007.

Payne, Michael, and John Schad. Life. After. Theory: Jacques Derrida, Frank Kermode, Toril Moi and Christopher Norris. London: Continuum, 2004.

Pearce, Philippa. Tom’s Midnight Garden. 1958. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin-Puffin Books, 1976.

Pearce, Sharyn. “Messages from the Inside? Multiculturalism in Contemporary Australian Children’s Literature.” The Lion and the Unicorn 27, no. 2 (2003): 235-50.

Pearson, Mary. The Adoration of Jenna Fox. New York: Henry Holt, 2008.

Peers, Juliette. “Doll Culture.” In Girl Culture: An Encyclopedia, edited by Claudia Mitchell and Jacqueline Reid-Walsh, 25-38. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2008.

Pennell, B., and J. Stephens. “Queering Heterotopic Spaces: Shyam Selvadurai’s Funny Boy and Peter Wells’s Boy Overboard.” In Ways of Being Male: Representing Masculinities in Children’s Literature and Film, edited by John Stephens, 164-84. New York: Routledge, 2002.

Perrot, Jean. Art Baroque, Art d’Enfance. Nancy: Presses Universitaires de Nancy, 1991.

Peters, Henk. “Postmodernist Poetics in Children’s Literature.” In AUETSA 96, I-II: Southern African Studies, edited by Hermann Wittenberg and Loes Nas. Bellville, South Africa: University of Western Cape Press, 1996.

Peters, Julie Anne. Luna. New York: Little, Brown, 2005.

Pham, Hoa. Forty-Nine Ghosts. Illusustrated by Stanley Wong. South Melbourne, Australia: Addison Wesley Longman, 1998a.

—. No One Like Me. Illustrated by Stanley Wong. South Melbourne, Australia: Addison Wesley Longman, 1998b.

—. Quicksilver. South Melbourne, Australia: Addison Wesley Longman, 1998c.

Phillips, Adam. The Beast in the Nursery: On Curiosity and Other Appetites. New York: Pantheon, 1998.

Phillips, Anne K. “‘Yours Most Loquaciously’: Voice in Jean Webster’s Daddy-Long Legs.” Children’s Literature 27 (1999): 64-86.

Phillips, Robert, ed. Aspects of Alice: Lewis Carroll’s Dreamchild as Seen through the Critics’ Looking-Glasses, 1865-1971. London: Gollancz, 1972.

Pilkey, Dav. The Adventures of Captain Underpants. New York: Blue Sky, 1997.

—. Ricky Ricotta’s Mighty Robot. New York: Scholastic, 2000.

Pinchbeck, Ivy, and Margaret Hewitt. Children in English Society, Two vols. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1973.

Pinkney, Sandra L. I Am Latino: The Beauty in Me. New York: Little, Brown, 2007.

Pitcher, Evelyn Goodenough, and Ernst Prelinger. Children Tell Stories: An Analysis of Fantasy. New York: International Universities Press, 1963.

Plotz, Judith. “Secret Garden II; or Lady Chatterley’s Lover as Palimpsest.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 19, no. 1 (1994): 15-19.

—. Romanticism and the Vocation of Childhood. New York: Palgrave, 2001.

Plumb, J. H. “The New World of Children in Eighteenth-Century England.” Past and Present 67 (May 1975): 64-95.

Pointon, Marcia R. Hanging the Head: Portraiture and Social Formation in Eighteenth-Century England. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

Porter, Eleanor H. Pollyanna. Boston: Page, 1913.

Portman, Frank. King Dork. New York: Delacorte, 2006.

Postman, Neil. The Disappearance of Childhood. New York: Delacorte, 1982.

—. The Disappearance of Childhood: Redefining the Value of School. New York: Vintage, 1994.

Potter, Beatrix. The Tale of Peter Rabbit. 1902. London: Frederick Warne, 2002.

—. The Tailor of Gloucester. London: Frederick Warne, 1903. Baltimore: Allan Publishers, 1989.

—. The Tale of Benjamin Bunny. London: Frederick Warne, 1904.

—. The Story of a Fierce Bad Rabbit. London: Frederick Warne, 1906a.

—. The Story of Miss Moppet. London: Frederick Warne, 1906b.

—. The Tale of Tom Kitten. 1907. New York: Dover, 1995.

Prince, Gerald. Dictionary of Narratology. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1987.

Propp, Vladimir. The Morphology of the Folktale. 1928. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1968.

Pullman, Philip. Northern Lights. Published in United States as The Golden Compass. London: Scholastic; New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1995.

—. The Subtle Knife. London: Scholastic; New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1997.

—. The Amber Spyglass. London: David Fickling Books/Scholastic; New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000.

—. The Scarecrow and His Servant. London: Doubleday; New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2004.

Purvis, T., and A. Hunt. “Discourse, Ideology, Discourse, Ideology, Discourse, Ideology . . . ” British Journal of Sociology 44, no. 3 (1993).

Rabinowitz, Rebecca. “Messy New Freedoms: Queer Theory and Children’s Literature.” In New Voices in Children’s Literature, edited by Sebastien Chapleau. Lichfield, UK: Pied Piper, 2004.

—. “Fat-Positive Children’s Books, Part One.” Shapely Prose, September 3, 2008a. Online at

—. “Fat-Positive Children’s Books, Part Two.” Shapely Prose, September 4, 2008b. Online at http://kateharding. net/2008/09/04/guest-blogger-rebecca-rabinowitz-fat-positive-childrens-books-part-two.

Radway, Janice. A Feeling for Books: The Book-of-the-Month Club, Literary Taste, and Middle-Class Desire. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.

Rand, E. Barbie’s Queer Accessories. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995.

Random House Complete Unabridged Dictionary. 2d ed. New York: Random House, 1996.

Ransome, Arthur. Swallows and Amazons. 1931. London: Cape, 1958.

Rassuli, Kathleen M. “Evidence of Marketing Strategy in the Early Printed Book Trade: An Application of Hollander’s Historical Approach.” In Historical Perspectives in Marketing: Essays in Honor of Stanley C. Hollander, edited by Terence Nevett and Ronald A. Fullerton, 91-107. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath, 1988.

Rasula, Jed. American Poetry Wax Museum: Reality Effects, 1940-1990. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1995.

Rehak, Melanie. Girl Sleuth: Nancy Drew and the Women Who Created Her. Orlando, FL: Harcourt, 2005.

Reid-Walsh, Jacqueline. “Harlequin Meets the Sims: A History of Interactive Narrative Media for Children and Youth from Early Flap Books to Contemporary Multimedia.” In International Handbook of Children, Media and Culture, edited by Sonia Livingstone and Kirsten Drotner, 71-86. London: Sage, 2008.

Reimer, Mavis, ed. Home Words: Discourses of Children’s Literature in Canada. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2008.

Renaud, Catherine. Les <<incroyabilicieux>> mondes de Ponti: Une etude du double lectorat dans l’oeuvre de Claude Ponti. Uppsala: Uppsala University Press, 2007.

Renold, E. “Tomboy.” In Girl Culture: An Encyclopedia, edited by Claudia Mitchell and Jacqueline Reid-Walsh, 578-80. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2008.

Rey, H. A. Curious George. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1941.

Reynolds, Kimberley. Girls Only? Gender and Popular Children’s Fiction in Britain, 1889-1910. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1990.

—. Radical Children’s Literature: Future Visions and Aesthetic Transformations in Juvenile Fiction. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

—. “Families Forever? Changing Families in Children’s Fiction.” In The Cambridge Companion to Children’s Literature, edited by M. O. Grenby and Andrea Immel. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Reynolds, Kimberley, and Nicholas Tucker. “Preface.” In Children’s Book Publishing in England Since 1945, edited by Kimberley Reynolds and Nicholas Tucker, xi-xiv. Aldershot, UK: Scolar Press, 1998.

Rich, Motoko. “Scholastic Accused of Misusing Book Clubs.” New York Times, February 9, 2009.

Richards, Jeffrey, ed. Imperialism and Juvenile Literature. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1989.

Richardson, Alan. Literature, Education, and Romanticism: Reading as Social Practice 1780-1832. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Richardson, Samuel. Clarissa. 1747-48. London: J. M. Dent, 1932.

Ricoeur, Paul. Memory, History, Forgetting. Translated by Kathleen Blamey and David Pellauer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

Ringgold, Faith. Tar Beach. New York: Crown, 1991.

Rivera, Tomás. . . . y no se lo tragó la tierra / And the Earth Did Not Devour Him. Berkeley, CA: Quinto Sol, 1971.

Rivers, Christopher. Face Value: Phyisognomical Thought and the Legible Body in Marivaux, Lavater, Balzac, Gautier, and Zola. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1994.

Robinson, F. C. “European Clothing Names and the Etymology of Girl.” In Studies in Historical Linguistics in Honor of George Sherman Lane, edited by Walter W. Arndt, 233-37. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1967.

Robson, Catherine. Men in Wonderland: The Lost Girlhood of the Victorian Gentleman. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001.

Rochman, Hazel. “And Yet . . . Beyond Political Correctness.” In Evaluating Children’s Books: A Critical Look: Aesthetic, Social, and Political Aspects of Analyzing and Using Children’s Books, edited by Betsy Hearne and Roger Sutton, 133-48. Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1993.

Rodríguez, Luis J. It Doesn’t Have to Be This Way: A Barrio Story/ No tiene que ser así: Una historia del barrio. San Francisco: Children’s Book Press, 1999.

Rollin, Lucy. Cradle and All: A Cultural and Psychoanalytic Reading of Nursery Rhymes. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1992.

Rollins, Charlemae. We Build Together. Chicago: National Council of Teachers of English, 1941.

Romines, Ann. “Preempting the Patriarch: The Problem of Pa’s Stories in Little House in the Big Woods.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 20, no. 1 (1995): 15-18.

Rose, Jacqueline. The Case of Peter Pan, or The Impossibility of Children’s Fiction. London: Macmillan, 1984.

Rose, Jonathan. “John Newbery.” In The British Literary Book Trade, 1700-1820, edited by James Bracken and Joel Silver, 216-28. Detroit: Gale, 1995.

Rosen, Judith. “Breaking the Age Barrier.” Publishers Weekly, September 8, 1997: 28-31.

Rosenberg, Teya. “Transforming the Quotidian: Borges, Nesbit, and Threads of Influence.” Paper presented at the Children’s Literature Association Annual Conference, Illinois State University, Normal, June 14, 2008.

Rosenblatt, Louise. The Reader, the Text, the Poem: The Transactional Theory of the Literary Work. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1978.

Rosman, Mark, director. A Cinderella Story. Written by Leigh Dunlap. Perf. Hilary Duff, Jennifer Coolidge, Chad Michael Murray. Warner Brothers, 2004.

Rosoff, Meg. How I Live Now. 2004. New York: Wendy Lamb Books (Random House), 2006.

Rousseau, Jean Jacques. Émile. 1762. Translated by Barbara Foxley. London: Dent, 1911.

—. Émile, or On Education. 1762. Translated by Allan Bloom. New York: Basic, 1979.

Rowbotham, Judith. Good Girls Make Good Wives: Guidance for Girls in Victorian Fiction. Oxford: Blackwell, 1989.

Rowling, J. K. Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone. London: Bloomsbury, 1997; New York: Scholastic, 1998.

—. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. London: Bloomsbury, 1998; New York: Scholastic, 1999.

—. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. London: Bloomsbury; New York: Scholastic, 2000.

—. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. London: Bloomsbury; New York: Scholastic, 2007.

Rubin, Joan Shelley. The Making of Middlebrow Culture. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992.

Rudd, David. Enid Blyton and the Mystery of Children’s Literature. London: Macmillan, 2000.

—. “Theorising and Theories. The Conditions of Possibility of Children’s Literature.” In International Companion Encyclopedia of Children’s Literature. 2d ed., edited by Peter Hunt, 30-43. London: Routledge, 2005.

Rudman, Masha Kabakow. “Multiculturalism.” In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children’s Literature, volume 3, edited by Jack Zipes, 111-13. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Ruskin, John. The King of the Golden River or The Black Brothers: A Legend of Stiria. 1841. Edited by Katharine Lee Bates. Chicago: Rand, McNally, 1903.

Ruwe, Donelle. “Guarding the British Bible from Rousseau: Sarah Trimmer, William Godwin, and the Pedagogical Periodical.” Children’s Literature 29 (2001): 1-17.

Ryan, Pam Muñoz. Riding Freedom. New York: Scholastic, 1998.

Rybcznski, Witold. Home: A Short History of an Idea. London: Heinemann, 1986.

Sachar, Louis. Marvin Redpost: Is He a Girl? New York: Random House, 1993a.

—. Marvin Redpost: Why Pick on Me? New York: Random House, 1993b.

—. Holes. New York: Dell Laurel-Leaf, 1998.

Said, Edward. Orientalism. New York: Pantheon, 1978.

—. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1993.

Sainte-Beuve, Henri. “Qu’est qu’um classique.” Causeries du Lundi. 3d ed., vol. 3. Paris: Garnier Freres, n.d.

Saldanha, Louise. “White Picket Fences: At Home with Multicultural Children’s Literature in Canada?” In Home Words: Discourses of Children’s Literature in Canada, edited by Mavis Reimer, 129-43. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2008.

Salinger, J. D. Catcher in the Rye. 1951. New York: Bantam, 1964.

Salmon, Edward. Juvenile Literature as It Is. London: Henry J. Drane, 1888.

Sánchez-Eppler, Karen. Dependent States: The Child’s Part in Nineteenth-Century American Culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

Sanchez, Sonia. “Rashada Receives a Gift, Part I.” Muhammad Speaks 25 (September 1975).

Sanders, Dori. Clover. New York: Random House, 1990.

Sands-O’Connor, Karen. “Smashing Birds in the Wilderness: British Racial and Cultural Integration from Insider and Outsider Perspectives.” Papers 13, no. 3 (2003): 43-50.

Sarland, Charles. “The Impossibility of Innocence: Ideology, Politics, and Children’s Literature.” In Understanding Children’s Literature, Key Essays from the International Companion Encyclopedia of Children’s Literature, edited by Peter Hunt, 39-55. London: Routledge, 1999.

Saxton, Ruth O., ed. The Girl: Constructions of the Girl in Contemporary Fiction by Women. New York: St. Martin’s, 1998.

Say, Allen. Grandfather’s Journey. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1993.

Sayers, Frances Clarke, and C. M. Weisenberg. “Walt Disney Accused.” Horn Book (December 1965). Online at

Schorsch, Anita. Images of Childhood: An Illustrated Social History. New York: Main Street, 1979.

Schwarcz, Joseph H. Ways of the Illustrator: Visual Communication in Children’s Literature. New York: American Library Association, 1982.

Schwartz, Albert W.Sounder: A Black or a White Tale?” Interracial Books for Children Bulletin 3, no. 1 (1970). Reprinted in The Black American in Books for Children: Readings in Racism, edited by Donnarae MacCann and Gloria Woodard, 147-50. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1985.

Schwartz, Elaine G. “Crossing Borders/Shifting Paradigms: Multiculturalism and Children’s Literature.” Harvard Educational Review 65, no. 4 (1995).

Schwenke-Wylie, Andrea. “Expanding the View of First-Person Narration.” Children’s Literature in Education 30, no. 3 (1999): 185-202.

—. “The Value of Singularity in First- and Restricted Third-Person Engaging Narration.” Children’s Literature 31 (2003), 116-41.

Scieszka, Jon, and Lane Smith. The Stinky Cheese Man and Other Fairly Stupid Tales. New York: Viking Penguin, 1992.

—. Baloney (Henry P.). New York: Viking, 2001.

Scott, Sir Walter. Ivanhoe. 1819-20. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1941.

Scudder, Horace E. Childhood in Literature and Art. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1894.

Sealander, Judith. The Failed Century of the Child: Governing America’s Young in the Twentieth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Sedgwick, Eve K. Tendencies. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1993.

Seed, Patricia. American Pentimento: The Invention of Indians and the Pursuit of Riches. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001.

Segel, Elizabeth. “Tomboy Taming and Gender Role Socialization: The Evidence of Children’s Books.” In Gender Roles through the Life Span: A Multidisciplinary Perspective, edited by Michael R. Stevenson, 47-61. Muncie, IN: Ball State University Press, 1994.

Seidel, Michael. Robinson Crusoe: Island Myths and the Novel. Boston: Twayne, 1991.

Seiter, Ellen. Sold Separately: Children and Parents in Consumer Culture. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1993.

Sekeres, Diane. “Renewed But Not Redeemed: Revising Elsie Dinsmore.” Children’s Literature in Education 36, no. 1 (2005): 15-39.

Sen, Satadru. “A Juvenile Periphery: The Geographies of Literary Childhood in Colonial Bengal.” Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History 5, no. 1 (2004).

Sendak, Maurice. Where the Wild Things Are. New York: Harper and Row, 1963.

—. In the Night Kitchen. New York: Harper and Row, 1970.

—. Outside over There. New York: Harper and Row, 1981.

—. We Are All in the Dumps with Jack and Guy. New York: HarperCollins, 1993.

Seuss, Dr. And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street. New York: Vanguard, 1937.

—. The Cat in the Hat. New York: Random House, 1957.

—. Fox in Socks. New York: Random House, 1965.

—. The Lorax. New York: Random House, 1971.

—. The Butter Battle Book. New York: Random House, 1984.

Sewell, Elizabeth. The Field of Nonsense. London: Chatto and Windus, 1952.

Shakespeare, William. King Lear. 1608/1623. In William Shakespeare: The Complete Works, Compact Edition, edited by Stanley Wells, Gary Taylor, John Jowett, and William Montgomery. Oxford: Clarendon, 1988.

Shariff, S., and Manley-Casimir, M. “Censorship in Schools: Orthodoxy, Diversity, and Cultural Coherence.” In Interpreting Censorship in Canada, edited by Allan C. Hutchinson and Klaus Petersen, 157-81. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999.

Shaull, Richard. “Foreword.” In Pedagogy of the Oppressed by Paolo Freire, translated by Myra Bergman Ramos. New York: Continuum, 2000.

Shavit, Zohar. The Poetics of Children’s Literature. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1986.

Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus. 1818, revised 1831. Edited by M. K. Joseph. New York: Oxford University Press, 1969.

Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. Edited by C. T. Onions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970.

Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. Edited by C. T. Onions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987.

Shortsleeve, Kevin. “The Politics of Nonsense: Civil Unrest, Otherness and National Mythology in Nonsense Literature.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Oxford, 2007.

Silverstein, Shel. Uncle Shelby’s ABZ Book: A Primer for Adults Only. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1985. (Originally published 1961 with the subtitle A Primer for Tender Young Minds.)

Silvey, Anita. Children’s Books and Their Creators. Boston: Houghton, 1995.

Simonton, Deborah. “Women and Education.” In Women’s History: Britain, 1700-1850: An Introduction, edited by Hannah Barker and Elaine Chalus, 33-56. New York: Taylor and Francis, 2005.

Sims, Rudine. Shadow and Substance: Afro-American Experience in Contemporary Children’s Fiction. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1982.

Sinclair, Catherine. Holiday House: A Book for the Young. 1839. New York: Garland, 1976.

Singer, Dorothy G. “Piglet, Pooh, and Piaget.” Psychology Today, 6 (1972): 70-74.

Singer, Isaac Bashevis. Acceptance speech for National Book Award, 1970. Re-used as Nobel speech, 1978. Nobel Lecture, 3-10. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1979.

Sipe, Lawrence R. “How Picture Books Work: A Semiotically Framed Theory of Text-Picture Relationships.” Children’s Literature in Education 29, no. 2 (1998): 97-108.

Sircar, Sanjay. “The Victorian Auntly Narrative Voice and Mrs. Molesworth’s Cuckoo Clock.” Children’s Literature 17 (1989): 1-24.

The Slave’s Friend. New York: R. G. Williams for the American Anti-Slavery Society, 1836-38.

Sleator, William. Test. New York: Amulet, 2008.

Slemon, Stephen. “Monuments of Empire: Allegory/Counter-Discourse/Post-Colonial Writing.” Kunapipi 9, no. 3 (1987): 1-16.

Slemon, Stephen, and Jo-Ann Wallace. “Into the Heart of Darkness?: Teaching Children’s Literature as a Problem in Theory.” Canadian Children’s Literature 63 (1991): 6-23.

Slobodkina, Esphyr. Se Venden Gorras. Translated by Teresa Mlawer. New York: Harper Arco Iris, 1995.

Smith, Katharine Capshaw. Children’s Literature of the Harlem Renaissance. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2004.

Smith, Michelle. “Adventurous Girls of the British Empire: The Pre-War Novels of Bessie Marchant.” The Lion and the Unicorn 33 (2009): 1-25.

Smith, William Jay. Laughing Time: Collected Nonsense. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1990.

Snicket, Lemony. The Grim Grotto. New York: HarperCollins, 2004.

Sontag, Susan. On Photography. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1977.

Sorby, A. Schoolroom Poets: Childhood, Performance, and the Place of American Poetry, 1865-1917. Hanover: University of New England Press, 2005.

Soto, Gary. Chato’s Kitchen. Illustrated by Susan Guevara. New York: Putnam and Grosset, 1995.

—. Chato and the Party Animals. Illustrated by Susan Guevara. New York: Puffin, 2000.

Southworth, E.D.E.N. The Hidden Hand. Published serially 1859. Published as novel 1888. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1988.

Spinelli, Jerry. Who Put That Hair in My Toothbrush? New York: Scholastic, 1984.

Spivak, Gayatri. “Can the Subaltern Speak? Speculations on Widow Sacrifice.” In Colonial Discourse and Postcolonial Theory: A Reader, edited by Patrick Williams and Laura Chrisman. Hemel Hempstead, UK: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1985.

Spyri, Johanna. Heidi. 1880. Translated by Louise Brooks. New York: Platt and Peck, 1884.

Starke, Ruth. “What Is a Multicultural Book?” Viewpoint 3, no. 1 (1995): 22-24.

Starr, Carol. “Brief History of the Young Adult Services Division.” YALSA: Young Adult Library Services Association. Online at

Stearns, F. P. Sketches from Concord and Appledore. New York: Putnam’s, 1895.

Stearns, Peter N. Childhood in World History. New York: Routledge, 2009.

Stedman, Jane W. W. S. Gilbert: A Classic Victorian and His Theatre. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Steedman, Carolyn. Strange Dislocations: Childhood and the Idea of Human Interiority, 1780-1930. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995.

Steig, Michael. “Response and Evasion in Reading The Wind in the Willows.” In Stories of Reading: Subjectivity and Literary Understanding. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.

Stein, Gertrude. The World Is Round. 1939. New York: Barefoot, 1993.

Steinbeck, John. Of Mice and Men. New York: Penguin, 1937.

Stephens, John. “Advocating Multiculturalism: Migrants in Australian Children’s Literature after 1972.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 15, no. 4 (1990): 180-85.

—. Language and Ideology in Children’s Fiction. New York: Longman, 1992.

—. “Gender, Genre and Children’s Literature.” Signal 79 (1996): 17-30.

—. “Multiculturalism in Recent Australian Children’s Fiction: (Re-)constructing Selves through Personal and National Histories.” In Other Worlds, Other Lives, vol. 3, edited by Myrna Machet, Sandra Olen, and Thomas van der Walt, 1-19. Pretoria: University of South Africa, 1996.

—. “Continuity, Fissure, or Dysfunction? From Settler Society to Multicultural Society in Australian Fiction.” In Voices of the Other: Children’s Literature and the Postcolonial Context, edited by Roderick McGillis, 55-70. New York: Garland, 2000.

—, ed. Ways of Being Male: Representing Masculinities in Children’s Literature and Film. London: Routledge, 2002.

Stern, Daniel. The Present Moment, in Psychotherapy and Everyday Life. New York: Norton, 2004.

Stevens, Paul. “Milton and the Icastic Imagination.” Milton Studies 20 (1984): 43-71.

Stevenson, Deborah. “‘If You Read This Last Sentence, It Won’t Tell You Anything’: Postmodernism, Self-Referentiality, and The Stinky Cheese Man.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 19, no. 1 (1994): 32-34.

—. “Sentiment and Significance: The Impossibility of Recovery in the Children’s Literature Canon, or, The Drowning of The Water-Babies.” The Lion and the Unicorn 21, no. 1 (1997): 112-30.

Stevenson, Robert Louis. Treasure Island. 1883. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Steward, James Christen. The New Child: British Art and the Origins of Modern Childhood, 1780-1830. Berkeley: University Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, University of California, Berkeley; Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1995.

Stimpson, Catharine R. “Reading for Love: Canons, Paracanons, and Whistling Jo March.” New Literary History 21, no. 4 (1990): 957-76.

Stine, R. L. Challenge of the Wolf Knight. Wizards, Warriors and You Series, no. 1. New York: Avon, 1985.

Stoehr, Shelley. Crosses. New York: Bantam Doubleday, 1991.

Storey, John. “Postmodernism.” In New Keywords: A Revised Vocabulary of Culture and Society, edited by Tony Bennett, Lawrence Grossberg, and Meaghan Morris. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2005.

Strachey, Edward. “Nonsense as a Fine Art.” Quarterly Review 167 (July-October 1888): 335-65.

Streeby, Shelley. “Empire.” In Keywords for American Studies, edited by Bruce Burgett and Glenn Hendler. New York: New York University Press, 2007.

Summerfield, Geoffrey. Fantasy and Reason: Children’s Literature in the Eighteenth Century. London: Methuen, 1984.

Sunderland, Jane. “Gendered Discourses in Children’s Literature.” In Gendered Discourses, 141-64. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Susman, Warren. Culture as History: The Transformation of American Society in the Twentieth Century. New York: Pantheon, 1984.

Sutherland, Robert D. “Hidden Persuaders: Political Ideologies in Literature for Children.” Children’s Literature in Education 16, no. 3 (1985): 143-57.

Sutton-Smith, Brian, et al. The Folkstories of Children. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1981.

Suvin, Darko. “On the Poetics of the Science Fiction Genre.” College English 34, no. 3 (1972): 372-82.

Svendsen, Kester. Milton and Science. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1956.

Swift, Jonathan. Gulliver’s Travels. 1726. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Tabart, Benjamin. Fairy Tales, or the Lilliputian Cabinet: Containing Twenty-four Choice Pieces of Fancy and Fiction. London: Tabart and Co., 1818.

Tabbert, Reinbert. Personal communication with William Moebius, Paris, 1999.

Tan, Shaun. The Arrival. Sydney: Lothian, 2006.

Tarr, Anita C. “The Absence of Moral Agency in Robert Cormier’s The Chocolate War.” Children’s Literature 30 (2002): 96-124.

Taylor, Ann, and Jane Taylor. Signor Topsy-Turvy’s Wonderful Magic Lantern. London: Tabart, 1810.

The Ten Little Niggers. New York: McLoughlin Brothers, 1875.

Thacker, Deborah. “Disdain or Ignorance? Literary Theory and the Absence of Children’s Literature.” The Lion and the Unicorn 26, no. 1 (2000): 1-17.

Thacker, Deborah Cogan, and Jean Webb. Introducing Children’s Literature. London, Routledge, 2002.

Thiel, Elizabeth. The Fantasy of Family: Nineteenth-Century Children’s Literature and the Myth of the Domestic Ideal. New York: Routledge, 2008.

Thompson, E. P. The Making of the English Working Class. 1963. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, 1980.

Thompson, J. M. “Post-Modernism.” Hibbert Journal 12 (1914): 733-45.

Thompson, Terry. Adventures in Graphica: Using Comics and Graphic Novels to Teach Comprehension, 2-6. Portland, ME: Stenhouse, 2008.

Thompson, Vetta L. Sanders, and Maysa Akbar. “The Understanding of Race and the Construction of African-American Identity.” Western Journal of Black Studies 27, no. 2 (2003): 80-88.

Thompson, William, and Joseph Hickey. Society in Focus. Boston: Pearson, Allyn and Bacon, 2005.

Thurber, James. The Wonderful O. Illustrated by Marc Simont. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1957.

Thwaite, Ann. A. A. Milne, His Life. London: Faber and Faber, 1990.

Tigges, Wim. An Anatomy of Literary Nonsense. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1988.

Todd, Dennis. Imagining Monsters: Miscreations of the Self in Eighteenth-Century England. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Tolkien, J. R. R. The Hobbit. London: Allen and Unwin, 1937.

—. “On Fairy-Stories.” In Essays Presented to Charles Williams, edited by C. S. Lewis, 38-89. London: Oxford University Press, 1947.

—. The Fellowship of the Ring: Being the First Part of The Lord of the Rings. London: Allen and Unwin, 1954a.

—. The Two Towers: Being the Second Part of The Lord of the Rings. London: Allen and Unwin, 1954b.

—. The Return of the King: Being the Third Part of The Lord of the Rings. London: Allen and Unwin, 1955.

Townsend, John Rowe. A Sense of Story: Essays on Contemporary Writers for Children. London: Longman, 1971a.

—. “Standards of Criticism for Children’s Literature.” 1971b. Reprinted in Children’s Literature: Critical Concepts in Literary and Cultural Studies, edited by Peter Hunt, 86-97. London: Routledge, 1990.

Travers, P. L. Mary Poppins. 1934. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1962.

Trelease, Jim. “Censors and Children’s Literature: Are They Watch Dogs or Mad Dogs?” Trelease-on-Reading Website, 2007. Online at (accessed 2007).

Tribunella, Eric. “Institutionalizing The Outsiders: YA Literature, Social Class, and the American Faith in Education.” Children’s Literature in Education 38 (2007): 87-101.

Trimmer, Sarah. Fabulous Histories. Designed for the Instruction of Children, Respecting Their Treatment of Animals. London: T. Longman, G. G. J. and J. Robinson, and J. Johnson, 1786.

—. “Observations on the Changes Which Have Taken Place in Books for Children and Young Persons.” 1802. In A Peculiar Gift: Nineteenth Century Writings on Books for Children, edited by Lance Salway. Harmondsworth, UK: Kestrel, 1976.

—. The Guardian of Education, vols. 1-3. London: J. Hatchard, 1802-5.

Trites, Roberta Seelinger. “Manifold Narratives: Metafiction and Ideology in Picture Books.” Children’s Literature in Education 25, no. 4 (1994): 225-42.

—. “Theories and Possibilities of Adolescent Literature.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 21, no. 1 (1996): 2-3.

—. Disturbing the Universe: Power and Repression in Adolescent Literature. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2000.

Tucker, Nicholas. The Child and the Book: A Psychological and Literary Exploration. 1981. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Tudge, Colin. The Secret Life of Trees: How They Live and Why They Matter. London: Allen Lane, 2005.

Turner-Bowker, Diane M. “Gender Stereotyped Descriptors in Children’s Picture Books: Does ‘Curious Jane’ Exist in the Literature?” Sex Roles 35, nos. 7-8 (1996): 461-88.

Turner, Edith. “The Literary Roots of Victor Turner’s Anthropology.” In Victor Turner and the Construction of Cultural Criticism, edited by Kathleen Ashley, 163-69. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.

Turner, Ethel. Seven Little Australians. 1884. Montville, Australia: Walter McVitty, 1994. Series continued with The Family at Misrule, Little Mother Meg, and Judy and Punch. Ringwood, Australia: Puffin, 1994.

Turner, Victor. The Ritual Process. Chicago: Aldine, 1969.

Tuttle, Carolyn. Hard at Work in Factories and Mines: The Economics of Child Labor during the British Industrial Revolution. Oxford: Westview, 1999.

Twain, Mark. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. 1876. In The Unabridged Mark Twain, volume 1, edited by Lawrence Teacher, 436-85. Philadelphia: Running Press, 1976.

—. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. 1884. New York, Heritage Press, 1940.

Twist, L., I. Schagen, and C. Hodgson. Readers and Reading: The National Report for England. PIRLS: Progress in International Reading Literacy Study. Slough: National Foundation for Educational Research, 2006.

UNESCO. “Education: Why Literacy Is Important.” Online at

UNICEF. “Why We Do It.” Online at (accessed March 2009).

U.S. Department of Education. “Reading First.” Online at (accessed September 17, 2009).

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 1948. Online at (accessed February 2009).

Vaizey, Mrs. George de Horne. A Houseful of Girls. London: Religious Tract Society, 1902.

Vallone, Lynne. Disciplines of Virtue: Girls’ Culture in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995.

Van Allsburg, Chris. The Mysteries of Harris Burdick. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1984.

Van der Linden, Sophie. Claude Ponti. Paris: Éditions Être, 2000.

Van Gennep, Arnold. Rites of Passage. 1909. Translated by M. Vizedom and G. Caffe. 1960. London: Routledge, 2004.

Van Loon, Hendrik Willem. The Story of Mankind. New York: Boni and Liverlight, 1921.

Van Sant, Gus, director. Paranoid Park . Perf. Gabe Nevins, Daniel Liu, Taylor Momsen, and Scott Patrick Green. IFC Films, 2007.

Voight, Cynthia. Jackaroo. New York: Scholastic, 1985.

Von Ziegesar, Cecily. Gossip Girl. New York: Little, Brown, 2002.

Waboose, Jan Bourdeau. Morning on the Lake. Toronto: Kids Can Press, 1997.

Wadsworth, Eliza. Marginalia in the Hewins Collection of the Connecticut Historical Society Library copy of T. H. Galludet and Horace Hooker. The Practical Spelling-Book. Hartford: Hamersley, 1861.

Walkerdine, Valerie. “Developmental Psychology and the Child-Centred Pedagogy: The Insertion of Piaget into Early Education.” In Changing the Subject: Psychology, Social Regulation and Subjectivity, edited by Julian Henriques et al., 153-202. London: Methuen, 1984.

—. Daddy’s Girl: Young Girls and Popular Culture. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Wall, Barbara. The Narrator’s Voice: The Dilemma of Children’s Fiction. 1991. Houndmills, UK: Macmillan, 1994.

Walsh, Jill Paton. “The Writer’s Responsibility.” Children’s Literature in Education 10 (1973): 30-36.

Wannamaker, Annette. Boys in Children’s Literature and Popular Culture: Masculinity, Abjection, and the Fictional Child. New York: Routledge, 2008.

Ward, Lynd. Gods’ Man. 1929. New York: St. Martin’s, 1978.

Warner, Michael. Fear of a Queer Plant: Queer Politics and Social Theory. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.

Warner, Susan. The Wide, Wide World. 1850. New York: Feminist Press, 1987.

Warner, Sylvia Townsend. Lolly Willowes. New York: Viking, 1926.

Watson, Victor, ed. The Cambridge Guide to Children’s Books in English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Watts, Isaac. “Praise to God for Learning to Read.” Divine Songs Attempted in Easy Language for the Use of Children. 1715. Facsimile edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Weber, Max. Economy and Society. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1922.

Webster, Jean. Daddy-Long-Legs. New York: The Century Co., 1912.

Weiner, Stephen. The 101 Best Graphic Novels. Rev ed. New York: NBM, 2005.

Wells, Carolyn, ed. A Nonsense Anthology. New York: Scribner’s, 1902.

Wells, Rosemary. Yoko. New York: Hyperion, 1998.

Wertham, Fredric. Seduction of the Innocent—The Influence of Comic Books on Today’s Youth. New York: Rinehart, 1954.

Wesley, John. “Sermon 96: On Obedience to Parents.” 1784. In The Works of John Wesley, edited by Albert C. Outler et al., 3:361-72. Nashville: Abingdon, 1986.

Westman, Karin E. “Spectres of Thatcherism: Contemporary British Culture in J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter Series.” In The Ivory Tower and Harry Potter: Perspectives on a Literary Phenomeon, edited by Lana Whited, 305-28. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2002.

—. “Children’s Literature and Modernism: The Space Between.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 32, no. 4 (2007a): 283-86.

—. “Perspective, Memory, and Moral Authority: The Legacy of Jane Austen in J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter.” Children’s Literature 35 (2007b): 145-65.

Whelan, Debra Lau. “SLJ Self-Censorship Survey.” School Library Journal, February 1, 2009. Online at

White, Dorothy Neal. Books before Five. 1954. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1984.

White, E. B. Charlotte’s Web. Illustrated by Garth Williams. New York: Harper and Row, 1952.

White, Michael. Maps of Narrative Therapy. New York: Norton, 2007.

White, Richard Grant. “Old New York and Its Houses.” Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine 26, no. 2 (1883): 845-59.

Wiesner, David. The Three Pigs. New York: Clarion, 2001.

Wiggin, Kate Douglas. Marm Lisa. 1896. Online at (accessed July 10, 2008).

—. Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm. 1903. New York: Penguin, 1985.

Wilbur, Richard. Loudmouse. New York: Crowell-Collier, 1963.

—. Personal communication to Lissa Paul, April 18, 2008.

Wilk, Christopher, ed. Modernism 1914-1939: Designing a New World. London: V&A Publications, 2006.

Wilkie-Stibbs, Christine. The Feminine Subject in Children’s Literature. New York: Routledge, 2002.

Willard, Nancy. A Visit to William Blake’s Inn: Poems for Innocent and Experienced Travelers. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1982.

Willhoite, Michael. Daddy’s Roomate. Boston: Alyson, 1990.

—. Uncle What-Is-It Is Coming to Visit!!. Boston: Alyson Wonderland, 1993.

Williams, Raymond. Border Country. London: Chatto and Windus, 1960.

—. Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society. 1976. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983a.

—. Writing in Society. London: Verso, 1983b.

Wilson, Ara. The Intimate Economies of Bangkok: Tomboys, Tycoons and Avon Ladies in the Global City. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.

Wimsatt, William K., and Monroe C. Beardsley. “The Intentional Fallacy.” Sewanee Review 54 (1946). Revised and republished in The Verbal Icon: Studies in the Meaning of Poetry. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1954.

Winch, Christopher, and John Gingell. Key Concepts in the Philosophy of Education. London: Routledge, 1999.

Winnubst, Shannon. Queering Freedom. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006.

Wittlinger, Ellen. Parrotfish. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2007.

Wojcik-Andrews, Ian. “Editor’s Introduction: Notes towards a Theory of Class in Children’s Literature.” The Lion and the Unicorn 17, no. 2 (1993): 113-23.

Wolf, Doris, and Paul DePasquale. “Home and Native Land: A Study of Canadian Aboriginal Picture Books by Aboriginal Authors.” In Home Words: Discourses of Children’s Literature in Canada, edited by Mavis Reimer, 87-105. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2008.

Wolf, Maryanne. Proust and the Squid: The Story and Science of the Reading Brain. Illustrated by Catherine Stoodley. Cambridge: Icon, 2008.

Wolf, Shelby Anne, and Shirley Brice Heath. The Braid of Literature: Children’s Worlds of Reading. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.

Wolfreys, Julian, Ruth Robbins, and Kenneth Womack. Key Concepts in Literary Theory. 2d ed. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2006.

Wollman-Bonilla J. E. “Outrageous Viewpoints: Teachers’ Criteria for Rejecting Works of Children’s Literature.” Language Arts 75 (1998): 287-95.

Wollstoneraft, Mary. Original Stories, from Real Life; with Conversations, Calculated to Regulate the Affections, and Form the Mind to Truth and Goodness. London: J. Johnson, 1788.

—. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. 1793. Excerpted in The Feminist Papers: From Adams to Beauvoir, edited by Alice S. Rossi. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1973.

Wood, Samuel. Cries of New York . New York: Samuel Wood, 1808.

Woodson, Jacqueline. If You Come Softly. New York: Puffin, 1998.

—. The House You Pass on the Way. New York: Laurel Leaf, 1999.

Woolf, Virginia. “A Sketch of the Past.” In Moments of Being, edited by Jeanne Schulkind. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1976. Originally published in 1939.

Woolson, Constance Fenimore. “Felipa.” Harpers Magazine (June 1876). Reprinted in The Signet Classic Book of Southern Short Stories, edited by D. Abbott and S. Koppelman. London: Penguin, 2005.

Wordsworth, William. “Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood.” 1807. Reprinted in The Norton Anthology of Poetry, 3d ed., edited by Alexander W. Allison et al. New York: Norton, 1983.

—. “Preface.” Poems by William Wordsworth: Including Lyrical Ballads, and the Miscellaneous Pieces of the Author. With Additional Poems, a New Preface, and a Supplementary Essay, 1:vii-xlii. London: Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, Paternoster-Row, 1815.

—. The Prelude 1799, 1805, 1850. New York: Norton, 1979.

Wright, Erik Olin. Classes. London: Verso, 1985.

Wyeth, Sharon Dennis. Tomboy Trouble. New York: Random House, 1998.

Yamaguchi, Lynne, and Karen Barber. “Introduction.” In Tomboys! Tales of Dyke Derring-Do, edited by Lynne Yamaguchi and Karen Barber, 9-14. Los Angeles: Alyson, 1995.

Yang, Gene Luen. American Born Chinese. New York: First Second (Roaring Brook Press), 2006.

Yee, Paul. Tales from Gold Mountain. Toronto: Groundwood, 1989.

Yolen, Jane. Owl Moon. Illustrated by John Schoenherr. New York: Philomel, 1987.

Yonge, Charlotte. The Heir of Redclyffe. 1853. Oxford World’s Classics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Young Adult Library Services Association. “YALSA Vision Statement.” 1994. Online at

Younger, Beth. “Pleasure, Pain, and the Power of Being Thin: Female Sexuality in Young Adult Literature.” NWSA Journal 15, no. 2 (2003): 45-56.

Zimmerman, Michael E. “Possible Political Problems with Earth-Based Religiosity.” In Beneath the Surface: Critical Essays in the Philosophy of Deep Ecology, edited by Eric Katz, Andrew Light, and David Rothenberg, 169-94. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2000.

Zindel, Paul. The Pigman. 1968. New York: Starfire, 1983.

Zipes, Jack. “Marx and Engels without the Frills.” The Lion and the Unicorn 4, no. 1 (1980): 83-89.

—. Fairy Tales and the Art of Subversion. London: Heinemann, 1983.

—. Sticks and Stones: The Troublesome Success of Children’s Literature from Slovenly Peter to Harry Potter. New York: Routledge, 2001.

Zipes, Jack, et al., eds. The Norton Anthology of Children’s Literature: The Traditions in English. New York: Norton, 2005.

Zuidervaart, Lambert. Adorno’s Aesthetic Theory: The Redemption of Illusion . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1991.

Zusak, Markus. Fighting Ruben Wolfe. 2000. Gosford: Scholastic Australia, 2005.