by Rebecca Garden
Ethics is a field of philosophical inquiry that investigates questions of just or right actions and what sort of life is considered good. Ethics addresses individual experiences of goodness in life and individual moral actions, as well as the morality of the collective: questions of social responsibility and justice. Ethical analyses traditionally take place in relation to principles, norms, and standards. In order to establish ethical principles to guide individual behavior, it is necessary to make generalizations about what is good or what is right and what constitutes harm.