Abel, Jessica. 2008. La Perdida. New York: Pantheon.
Abrirached, Zeina. 2012. A Game for Swallows: To Die, to Leave, to Return. Minneapolis: Graphic Universe.
Acham, Christine. 2004. Revolution Televised: Prime Time and the Struggle for Black Power. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Adams, Mitchell. 2019. “The Secret Commercial Identity of Superheroes: Protecting the Superhero Symbol.” In The Superhero Symbol: Media, Culture, and Politics, edited by Liam Burke, Ian Gordon, and Angela Ndalianis, 89–104. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Adkins, Lisa, and Maryanne Dever. 2017. “Archives and New Modes of Feminist Research.” Australian Feminist Studies 32, no. 91–92, 1–4.
Ahmed, Sara. 2004. The Cultural Politics of Emotion. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Ahmed, Sara. 2006. Queer Phenomenology: Orientations, Objects, Others. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
al-Ali, Naji. 2009. A Child in Palestine: The Cartoons of Naji al-Ali. New York: Verso Books.
Alaniz, José. 2014. Death, Disability, and the Superhero: The Silver Age and Beyond. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Alaniz, José. 2016. “Standing Orders: Oracle, Disability and Retconning.” In Disability in Comic Books and Graphic Narratives, edited by Chris Foss, Jonathan Gray, and Zach Walen, 59–79. London: Palgrave.
Alcaraz, Lalo. 2004. La Cucaracha. Kansas City, MI: Andrews McMeel.
Aldama, Frederick Luis. 2009. Your Brain on Latino Comics: From Gus Arriola to Los Bros Hernandez. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Aldama, Frederick Luis, ed. 2010. Multicultural Comics: From Zap to Blue Beetle. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Aldama, Frederick Luis. 2016. Latinx Comic Book Storytelling: An Odyssey by Interview. San Diego: Hyperbole.
Aldama, Frederick Luis. 2017. Latinx Superheroes in Mainstream Comics. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.
Aldama, Frederick Luis, ed. 2018a. Comics Studies Here and Now. New York: Routledge.
Aldama, Frederick Luis, ed. 2018b. Tales from la Vida: A Latinx Comics Anthology. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.
Aldama, Frederick Luis, and Christopher González, eds. 2016. Graphic Borders: Latino Comic Books Past, Present, and Future. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Allen, Graham. 2000. Intertextuality. New York: Routledge.
Allen, Henry. 1972. “Horror Comics from the ’50s Are Alive! (Choke!): Horror Comics Are Alive!” Washington Post, September 24, 1972, F1.
Allen, Todd. 2007. The Economics of Web Comics: A Study in Converting Content to Revenue. Self-published.
Alleyne, Sonia. 2003. “A Superhero’s Story.” Black Enterprise 34, no. 1, 107.
Andrae, Thomas. 1987. “From Menace to Messiah: The History and Historicity of Superman.” In American Media and Mass Culture: Left Perspectives, edited by Donald Lazure, 124–38. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Andreyko, Marc, Sarah Gaydos, and Jamie S. Rich. 2017. Love Is Love. New York: DC Comics.
Arjana, Sophia Rose. 2018. Veiled Superheroes: Islam, Feminism, and Popular Culture. New York: Lexington.
Arnaudo, Marco. 2013. The Myth of the Superhero. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Ashby, LeRoy. 2012. With Amusement for All: A History of American Popular Culture since 1830. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press.
Ashcraft, Brian, and Luke Plunkett. 2014. Cosplay World. New York: Prestel.
Atanasoski, Neda. 2013. Humanitarian Violence: The U.S. Deployment of Diversity. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Ault, Donald. 1997. “‘Cutting Up’ Again: Lacan on Barks on Lacan.” Indy Magazine 17:30–33.
Ault, Donald. 2000. “‘Cutting Up’ Again Part II: Lacan on Barks on Lacan.” In Comics and Culture: Analytical and Theoretical Approaches to Comics, edited by Anne Magnussen and Hans-Christian Christiansen, 123–40. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press.
Ault, Donald. 2009. “Imagetextuality: ‘Cutting Up’ Again, Pt. III.” ImageTexT: Interdisciplinary Comics Studies 1, no. 1 (Spring). http://imagetext.english.ufl.edu.
Avery, Tara, and Jeanne Thorton, eds. 2018. We’re Still Here: An All-Trans Comics Anthology. Dana Point, CA: Stacked Deck.
Ayaka, Carolene, and Ian Hagues, eds. 2018. Representing Multiculturalism in Comics and Graphic Novels. New York: Routledge.
Bacon-Smith, Camille. 1991. Enterprising Women: Television Fandom and the Creation of Popular Myth. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Baetens, Jan, and Hugo Frey. 2015. The Graphic Novel: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Baetens, Jan, Hugo Frey, and Stephen Tabachnik, eds. 2018. The Cambridge Companion to the History of the Graphic Novel. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bahng, Aimee. 2018. Migrant Futures: Decolonizing Speculation in Financial Times. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Bainbridge, Jason, and Craig Norris. 2013. “Posthuman Drag: Understanding Cosplay as Social Networking in a Material Culture.” Intersections: Gender and Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific 32. http://intersections.anu.edu.au.
Bakhtin, Mikhail. (1984) 1997. Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Banta, Martha. 2003. Barbaric Intercourse: Caricature and the Culture of Conduct, 1841–1936. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Barker, Deborah E., and Kathryn McKee. 2011. “Introduction: The Southern Imaginary.” In American Cinema and the Southern Imaginary, edited by Deborah E. Barker and Kathryn McKee, 1–23. Athens: University of Georgia Press.
Barry, Lynda. 2005. One Hundred Demons. Seattle: Sasquatch.
Barry, Lynda. 2008. Introduction to The Best American Comics, edited by Lynda Barry, xi–xx. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Barthes, Roland. (1967) 2001. “The Death of the Author.” In The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism, edited by Vincent B. Leitch, 1466–70. New York: Norton.
Barthes, Roland. 1975. The Pleasure of the Text. Translated by Richard Miller. New York: Hill and Wang.
Barzilai, Maya. 2016. Golem: Modern Wars and Their Monsters. New York: New York University Press.
Baudry, Julien. 2018. “Paradoxes of Innovation in French Digital Comics.” Comics Grid: Journal of Comics Scholarship 8, no. 1. https://comicsgrid.com.
Bazin, André. 1967. “The Evolution of the Language of Cinema.” Translated by Hugh Gray. In What Is Cinema?, vol. 1, edited by Hugh Gray, 23–40. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Beaty, Bart. 2005. Fredric Wertham and the Critique of Mass Culture. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Beaty, Bart. 2012. Comics versus Art. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Beaty, Bart, and Benjamin Woo. 2016. The Greatest Comic Book of All Time: Symbolic Capital and the Field of American Comic Books. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Beaty, Bart, Benjamin Woo, and Nick Sousanis. n.d. What Were Comics? Accessed July 30, 2018. www.whatwerecomics.com.
Bechdel, Alison. 1998. The Indelible Alison Bechdel: Confessions, Comix, and Miscellaneous Dykes to Watch Out For. New York: Firebrand.
Bechdel, Alison. 2007. Fun Home: A Family Tragicomic. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
Beerbohm, Robert L. 1999. “Secret Origins of the Direct Market, Part One.” Comic Artist 6 (Fall): 80–91.
Beerbohm, Robert L. 2000. “Secret Origins of the Direct Market, Part 2: Phil Seuling and the Undergrounds Emerge.” Comic Book Artist 1, no. 7 (February): 116–25.
Benton, Mike. 1989. The Comic Book in America: An Illustrated History. Dallas: Taylor.
Benton, Mike. 1992. Superhero Comics of the Golden Age: The Illustrated History. Dallas: Taylor.
Berger, A. A. 1974. The Comic-Stripped American: What Dick Tracy, Blondie, Daddy Warbucks, and Charlie Brown Tell Us about Ourselves. Baltimore: Penguin.
Berlant, Lauren. 2008. Female Complaint: The Unfinished Business of Sentimentality in American Culture. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Berlatsky, Noah. 2015. Wonder Woman: Bondage and Feminism in the Marston/Peter Comics, 1941–1948. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Berman, Margaret Fink. 2010. “Imagining an Idiosyncratic Belonging: Representing Disability in Chris Ware’s Building Stories.” In The Comics of Chris Ware: Drawing Is a Way of Thinking, edited by David M. Ball and Martha B. Kuhlman, 191–205. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Bessette, Jean. 2017. Retroactivism in the Lesbian Archives: Composing Pasts and Futures. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
Bibler, Michael. 2016. “Introduction: Smash the Mason-Dixon! or, Manifesting the Southern United States.” PMLA 131, no. 1, 153–56.
Biskind, Peter. 1999. Easy Riders, Raging Bulls: How the Sex-Drugs-and-Rock ’n’ Roll Generation Saved Hollywood. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Blackbeard, Bill, and Martin Williams, eds. 1977. The Smithsonian Collection of Newspaper Comics. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Blackwell, Maylei. 2017. “Indigeneity.” In Keywords in Latina/o Studies, 100–105. New York: New York University Press.
Blood Syndicate. 1994. “Lair of the White Roach” #15. Ivan Velez Jr. (w.), J. H. Williams III (p.). New York: DC Comics.
Blouin, Francis X., and William G. Rosenberg. 2011. Processing the Past: Changing Authorities in History and the Archives. New York: Oxford University Press.
Boggs, Carl, and Tom Pollard, eds. 2007. The Hollywood War Machine: US Militarism and Popular Culture. New York: Paradigm.
Bolling, Ben, and Matthew J. Smith, eds. 2014. It Happens at Comic-Con: Ethnographic Essays on a Pop Culture Phenomenon. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
Bolter, Jay David, and Richard Grusin. 1999. Remediation: Understanding New Media. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Booth, Paul. 2015. Playing Fans: Negotiating Fandom and Media in the Digital Age. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press.
Bowden, Charles, and Alice Leora Briggs. 2010. Dreamland: The Way Out of Juárez. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Boyer, Jack. 1953. “Kids Quiz: What Our Younger Generation Thinks.” Honolulu Advertiser, August 9, 1953, 13.
Brager, J. B., and Jami Sailor. 2011. Archiving the Underground #1. Self-published.
Brainard, Joe. 2008. The Nancy Book. Edited by Lisa Pearson and Ron Padgett. Los Angeles: Siglio.
Brakhage, Stan. 1976. “Metaphors on Vision.” Special issue, Film Culture 30 (Fall).
Bramlett, Frank. 2016. “Comics and Linguistics.” In Routledge Companion to Comics, edited by Frank Bramlett, Roy T. Cook, and Aaron Meskin, 380–89. New York: Routledge.
Bramlett, Frank. 2018. “Linguistic Discourse in Web Comics: Extending Conversation and Narrative into Alt-Text and Hidden Comics.” In The Language of Popular Culture, edited by Valentin Werner, 72–91. New York: Routledge.
Bramlett, Frank, Roy T. Cook, and Aaron Meskin, eds. 2017. The Routledge Companion to Comics. New York: Routledge.
Bravo, Sophia. n.d. “Whitewashing vs. Racebending and the Politics of Race and Cosplay.” Worship the Fandom. Accessed May 12, 2018. www.worshipthefandom.com.
Brienza, Casey. 2016. Manga in America: Transnational Book Publishing and the Domestication of Japanese Comics. New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
Brienza, Casey, and Paddy Johnston, eds. 2016. Cultures of Comics Work. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Broadnax, Jamie. 2015. “#28DaysOfBlackCosplay: More Than Just a Hashtag.” Black Girl Nerds, February 5, 2015. https://blackgirlnerds.com.
Brock, Nettie A. 2017. “The Everyday Disney Side: Disneybounding and Casual Cosplay.” Journal of Fandom Studies 5, no. 3 (September): 301–15. https://doi.org/10.1386/jfs.5.3.301_1.
Brown, Chester. 2003. Louis Reil: A Comic-Strip Biography. Montreal: Drawn & Quarterly.
Brown, Jeffrey A. 1999. “Comic Book Masculinity and the New Black Superhero.” African American Review 33, no. 1, 25–42.
Brown, Jeffrey A. 2001. Black Superheroes, Milestone Comics, and Their Fans. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Brown, Jeffrey A. 2011. “Supermoms? Maternity and the Monstrous-Feminine in Superhero Comics.” Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics 2, no. 1, 77–87.
Brunetti, Ivan. 2011. Cartooning: Philosophy and Practice. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Bruno, Michael. n.d. “Cosplay: The Illegitimate Child of SF Masquerades.” Millennium Costumers Guild. Accessed March 26, 2015. http://millenniumcg.tripod.com.
Bruns, Axel. 2008. Blogs, Wikipedia, Second Life, and Beyond: From Production to Produsage. New York: Peter Lang.
Buell, Lawrence. 2014. The Dream of the Great American Novel. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Bui, Thi. 2017. The Best We Could Do. New York: Abrams ComicArts.
Bukatman, Scott. 2003. Matters of Gravity: Special Effects and Supermen in the 20th Century. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Bukatman, Scott. 2016. Hellboy’s World: Comics and Monsters on the Margins. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Burke, Liam. 2015. The Comic Book Film Adaptation. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Butler, Judith. (1991) 2006. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge Classics.
Butler, Judith. 1993. “Imitation and Gender Insubordination.” In Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader, ed. Henry Abelove, Michele Aina, and David Halperin, 307–20. New York: Routledge.
Butler, Judith. 1994. “Against Proper Objects.” differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 6, no. 2–3: 1–26.
Campbell, Eddie. 2010. “Eddie Campbell’s Graphic Novel Manifesto.” Don MacDonald (blog). Accessed July 24, 2018. http://donmacdonald.com.
Campbell, James. 2017. Experiencing William James: Belief in a Pluralistic World. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.
Campbell, T. 2006. A History of Webcomics: “The Golden Age”: 1993–2005. San Antonio: Antarctic.
Carrier, David. 2001. The Aesthetics of Comics. State College: Penn State University Press.
carrington, andré m. 2016. Speculative Blackness: The Future of Race in Science Fiction. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
carrington, andré m. 2018. “Desiring Blackness: A Queer Orientation to Marvel’s Black Panther, 1998–2016.” American Literature 90, no. 2, 221–50.
Carrión, Jorge, and Sagar Fornies. 2015. Barcelona: Los vagabundos de la chatarra. Barcelona: Norma.
Cendrowski, Mark, dir. 2013. The Big Bang Theory. Season 6, episode 13, “The Bakersfield Expedition.” Aired January 10, 2013, on CBS. www.cbs.com.
Chaney, Michael. 2011a. “Animal Subjects of the Graphic Novels.” College Literature 38, no. 3 (Summer): 129–49.
Chaney, Michael. 2011b. Graphic Subjects: Critical Essays on Autobiography and Graphic Novels. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Chaney, Michael. 2017. “The Saga of the Animal as Visual Metaphor for Mixed-Race Identity in Comics.” In Animal Comics: Multispecies Storyworlds in Graphic Narratives, edited by David Herman, 99–107. New York: Bloomsbury.
Chapman, Robyn. 2012. Drawing Comics Lab: 52 Exercises on Characters, Panels, Storytelling, Publishing & Professional Practices. London: Quarry Books.
Choo, Kukhee. 2008. “Girls Return Home: Portrayal of Femininity in Popular Japanese Girls’ Manga and Anime Texts during the 1990s in Hana Yori Dango and Fruits Basket.” Women: A Cultural Review 19, no. 3, 275–96.
Christiansen, Hans-Christian. 2000. “Comics and Film: A Narrative Perspective.” In Comics and Culture: Analytical and Theoretical Approaches to Comics, edited by Anne Magnussen and Hans-Christian Christiansen, 107–21. Aarhus, Denmark: Museum Tusculanum Press.
Chute, Hillary L. 2008. “Comics as Literature? Reading Graphic Narrative.” PMLA 123, no. 2 (March): 452–65.
Chute, Hillary L. 2010. Graphic Women: Life Narrative and Contemporary Comics. New York: Columbia University Press.
Chute, Hillary L. 2014. Outside the Box: Interviews with Contemporary Cartoonists. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Chute, Hillary L. 2015. “The Space of Graphic Narrative: Mapping Bodies, Feminism, and Form.” In Narrative Theory Unbound, edited by Robyn Warhol and Susan S. Lanser, 194–209. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.
Chute, Hillary L. 2016. Disaster Drawn: Visual Witness, Comics, and Documentary Form. Cambridge: Belknap.
Chute, Hillary L. 2017. Why Comics? From Underground to Everywhere. New York: Harper.
Chute, Hillary L., and Marianne DeKoven. 2006. “Introduction: Graphic Narrative.” Modern Fiction Studies 52, no. 4 (Winter): 767–82.
Chute, Hillary L., and Marianne DeKoven. 2012. “Comic Books and Graphic Novels.” In The Cambridge Companion to Popular Fiction, edited by David Glover and Scott McCracken, 175–95. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Clarke, M. J. 2012. Transmedia Television: New Trends in Network Serial Production. London: Bloomsbury.
Clowes, Daniel. 2005. Ice Haven. New York: Pantheon.
Coates, Ta-Nehisi. 2015. Between the World and Me. New York: Spiegel & Grau.
Coates, Ta-Nehisi. 2016. Black Panther: A Nation under Our Feet. New York: Marvel.
Cocca, Carolyn. 2016. Superwomen: Gender, Power, and Representation. New York: Bloomsbury.
Cohen, Michael Mark. 2007. “‘Cartooning Capitalism’: Radical Cartooning and the Making of American Popular Radicalism in the Early Twentieth Century.” International Review of Social History 52:35–58.
Cohn, Neil. 2010. “The Limits of Time and Transitions: Challenges to Theories of Sequential Image Comprehension.” Studies in Comics 1, no. 1, 127–47.
Cohn, Neil, Ray Jackendoff, Phillip J. Holcomb, and Gina R. Kuperberg. 2014. “The Grammar of Visual Narrative: Neural Evidence for Constituent Structure in Sequential Image Comprehension.” Neuropsychologia 6, no. 4, 63–70.
Comic Book Legal Defense Fund. n.d. “The Comics Code of 1954.” Accessed November 19, 2020. http://cbldf.org.
Coogler, Ryan, dir. 2018. Black Panther. Los Angeles: Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.
Cooke, Jon B. 2019. The Book of Weirdo. San Francisco: Last Gasp.
Coover, Colleen. 2017. Small Favors: The Definitive Girly Porno Collection. Portland: Oni.
Coppa, Francesca. 2006. “A Brief History of Media Fandom.” In Fan Fiction and Fan Communities in the Age of the Internet: New Essays, edited by Karen Hellekson and Kristina Busse, 41–59. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
Cortez, Jamie. 2005. Sexile: A Graphic Novel Biography of Adela Vazquez. New York: Institute for Gay Men’s Health.
Costello, Brannon. 2017. Neon Visions: The Comics of Howard Chaykin. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Costello, Brannon, and Qiana Whitted. 2012. Introduction to Comics and the U.S. South, edited by Brannon Costello and Qiana Whitted, vii–xvi. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Couser, G. Thomas. 2018. “Is There a Body in This Text? Embodiment in Graphic Somatography.” a/b: Auto/Biography Studies 33, no. 2, 347–73.
Cox, Christopher. 2018. “‘Ms. Marvel,’ Tumblr, and the Industrial Logics of Identity in Digital Spaces.” Transformative Works and Cultures 27. https://journal.transformativeworks.org.
Crafton, Donald. 1993. Before Mickey: The Animated Film, 1898–1928. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Crane, Tristan, and Ted Naifa. 2004. How Loathsome. New York: Comics Lit.
Cremins, Brian. 2013. “Bodies, Transfigurations, and Bloodlust in Edie Fake’s Graphic Novel Gaylord Phoenix.” Journal of Medical Humanities 34, no. 2 (June): 301–13.
Crisis on Infinite Earths: Absolute Edition. 2005. Marv Wolfman (w.), George Perez (p.). New York: DC Comics.
Crist, Judith. 1948. “Horror in the Nursery.” Collier’s, March 29, 1948.
Culp, Jennifer. 2016. Cosplay: Roleplaying for Fun and Profit. New York: Rosen.
Cumberbatch, C. 2013. “I’m a Black Female Cosplayer and Some People Hate It.” xoJane. Accessed February 14, 2017. www.xojane.com.
Cunningham, Sidney. 2018. “How the ‘Non-duped’ Pass: Gender Perception and Belonging in ‘Postgender’ Space.” TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly 5, no. 1, 49–66.
Curtis, Neal. 2016. Sovereignty and Superheroes. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Cutter, Martha J., and Cathy J. Schlund-Vials. 2018. Introduction to Redrawing the Historical Past: History, Memory, and Multiethnic Graphic Novels, edited by Martha J. Cutter and Cathy J. Schlund-Vials, 1–18. Athens: University of Georgia Press.
Cvetkovich, Ann. 2003. An Archive of Feelings: Trauma, Sexuality, and Lesbian Public Cultures. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Cvetkovich, Ann. 2008. “Drawing the Archive in Alison Bechdel’s Fun Home.” WSQ: Women’s Studies Quarterly 36, nos. 1–2: 111–28.
Cvetkovich, Ann. 2012. Depression: A Public Feeling. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Czerwiec, M. K., Michael Green, Kimberly Myers, Susan Squier, Scott Smith, and Ian Williams. 2015. Graphic Medicine Manifesto. University Park: Penn State University Press.
Dainotto, Robert. 2017. “South by Chance: Southern Questions on the Global South.” Global South 11, no. 2. https://doi.org/10.2979/globalsouth.11.2.03.
Daniels, Les. 2001. Wonder Woman: The Complete History. New York: Chronicle.
Danziger-Russell, Jacqueline. 2012. Girls and Their Comics: Finding a Female Voice in Comic Book Narrative. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow.
Darley, Lionel S. 1965. Introduction to Bookbinding. London: Faber and Faber.
Darms, Lisa, and Kate Eichhorn, eds. 2015. “Radical Archives.” Archive Journal 5 (Fall). www.archivejournal.net.
Darnton, Robert. 1982. “What Is the History of Books?” Dædalus 111, no. 3, 65–83.
Darowski, Joseph J. 2014. X-Men and the Mutant Metaphor: Race and Gender in the Comic Books. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Davis, Blair. 2017. “In Focus: Watchmen.” Cinema Journal 56, no. 2 (Winter): 114–50.
Davis, Eleanor. 2017. You & a Bike & a Road. Toronto: Koyama.
Davis, LaRose. 2016. “Future Souths, Speculative Souths, and Southern Potentialities.” PMLA 131, no. 1, 191–92.
Davis, Lennard J. 2013. “Constructing Normalcy.” In The Disability Studies Reader, edited by Lennard J. Davis, 3–16. London: Taylor and Francis.
DeConnick, Kelly Sue, and Valentine De Landro. 2017. Bitch Planet Book 2: President Bitch. Portland: Image Comics.
De Falco, Tom. 2004. Comics Creators on Spider-Man. London: Titan.
DeGuzmán, María. 2017. “Latinx: ¡Estamos Aquí!, or Being ‘Latinx’ at UNC-Chapel Hill.” Cultural Dynamics 29, no. 3, 214–30.
De Haven, Tom. 2010. Our Hero: Superman on Earth. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Del Arroz, Jon. 2018. “What Is #Comicsgate?” Jon Del Arroz (blog), July 19, 2018. http://delarroz.com.
Denison, Rayna. 2007. “It’s a Bird! It’s a Plane! No, It’s DVD! Superman, Smallville, and the Production (of) Melodrama.” In Film and Comic Books, edited by Ian Gordon, Mark Jancovich, and Matthew P. McAllister, 160–79. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Denning, Michael. 1987. Mechanic Accents: Dime Novels and Working-Class Culture in America. New York: Verso.
Derrida, Jacques. 1996. Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression. Translated by Eric Prenowitz. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Díaz, Junot. 2007. The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao. New York: Riverhead.
DiPaolo, Marc. 2011. War, Politics, and Superheroes: Ethics and Propaganda in Comics and Film. New York: McFarland.
DiPaolo, Marc, ed. 2018. Working-Class Comic Book Heroes: Class Conflict and Populist Politics in Comics. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Di Ricco, Massimo. 2015. “Drawing for a New Public: Middle Eastern 9th Art and the Emergence of a Transnational Graphic Movement.” In Postcolonial Comics: Texts, Events, Identities, edited by Binita Mehta and Pia Mukherji, 187–203. London: Routledge.
Dittmar, Linda, and Joseph Entin, eds. 2016. “Archives and Radical Education.” Radical Teacher 105:1–6.
Dittmer, Jason. 2007. “The Tyranny of the Serial: Popular Geopolitics, the Nation, and Comic Book Discourse.” Antipode 39, no. 2, 247–68.
Dittmer, Jason. 2013. Captain America and the Nationalist Superhero: Metaphors, Narratives, and Geopolitics. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Dittmer, Jason. 2014. “Serialization and Displacement in Graphic Narrative.” In Serialization in Popular Culture, edited by Rob Allen and Thijs van den Berg, 124–40. New York: Routledge.
Draaisma, Douwe. 2013. The Nostalgia Factory: Memory, Time and Ageing. New Haven: Yale University Press.
“Drawn & Quarterly Manifesto for Booksellers, The.” (2003) 2015. In Drawn & Quarterly: Twenty-Five Years of Contemporary Cartooning, Comics, and Graphic Novels, edited by Tom Devlin, 26–29. Montreal: Drawn & Quarterly.
Duck, Leigh Ann. 2006. The Nation’s Region: Southern Modernism, Segregation, and U.S. Nationalism. Athens: University of Georgia Press.
Duffy, Damian, and John Jennings. 2017. Octavia E. Butler’s Kindred_: A Graphic Novel Adaptation._ New York: Abrams.
Duncan, Randy, and Matthew J. Smith. 2009. The Power of Comics: History, Form and Culture. New York: Continuum.
Duncombe, Stephen. 1997. Notes from Underground: Zines and the Politics of Alternative Culture. London: Verso.
Dunn, Lloyd. n.d. “PhotoStatic Magazine and the Rise of the Casual Publisher.” PhotoStatic Magazine Retrograde Archive. Accessed November 18, 2020. http://psrf.detritus.net.
Earle, Harriet E. H. 2017. Comics, Trauma, and the New Art of War. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Eco, Umberto. 1972. “The Myth of Superman.” Diacritics 2, no. 1, 14–22.
Eco, Umberto. 1994. The Limits of Interpretation. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Edwards, Dylan. 2001. Tranny Toons. Seattle: Northwest.
Edwards, Dylan. 2012. Transposes. Seattle: Northwest.
Eichhorn, Kate. 2008. “Archival Genres: Gathering Texts and Reading Spaces.” Invisible Culture 12 (Spring). https://ivc.lib.rochester.edu.
Eichhorn, Kate. 2010. “DIY Collectors, Archiving Scholars, and Activist Librarians: Legitimizing Feminist Knowledge and Cultural Production since 1990.” Women’s Studies 39, no. 6, 622–46.
Eichhorn, Kate. 2013. The Archival Turn in Feminism: Outrage in Order. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Eisner, Will. 1985. Comics and Sequential Art. Tamarac, FL: Poorhouse.
Eisner, Will. (1986) 2008. Graphic Storytelling and Visual Narrative: Principles and Practices from the Legendary Cartoonist. New York: W. W. Norton.
El Refaie, Elisabeth. 2012a. Autobiographical Comics: Life Writing in Pictures. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
El Refaie, Elisabeth. 2012b. “Of Men, Mice, and Monsters: Body Images in David Small’s Stitches: A Memoir.” Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics 3, no. 1, 55–67.
Enstad, Nan. 1999. Ladies of Labor, Girls of Adventure: Working Women, Popular Culture, and Labor Politics at the Turn of the Twentieth Century. New York: Columbia University Press.
Fake, Edie. 2010. Gaylord Phoenix. Los Angeles: Secret Acres.
Fanon, Franz. (1952) 1984. Black Skin, White Masks. London: Pluto.
Faughnder, Ryan. 2017. “Global Box Office Barely Grew in 2016. Blame It on China.” Los Angeles Times, March 22, 2017. www.latimes.com.
Faust, Wolfgang. 1971. “Comics and How to Read Them.” Journal of Popular Culture 5, no. 1 (Summer): 194–202.
Fawaz, Ramzi. 2016. The New Mutants: Superheroes and the Radical Imagination of American Comics. New York: New York University Press.
Fawaz, Ramzi. 2017a. “Notes on Wonder Woman.” Avidly (blog), July 16, 2017. http://avidly.lareviewofbooks.org.
Fawaz, Ramzi. 2017b. “Stripped to the Bone: Sequencing Queerness in the Comic Strip Work of Joe Brainard and David Wojnarowicz.” ASAP/Journal 2, no. 2 (May): 335–67.
Fawaz, Ramzi. 2018. “Legions of Superheroes: Diversity, Multiplicity, and Collective Action against Genocide in the Superhero Comic Book.” Social Text 36, no. 4, 21–55.
Fawaz, Ramzi. 2019. “A Queer Sequence: Comics as a Disruptive Medium.” PMLA 134, no. 3, 588–94.
Fawkes, Ray. 2014. The People Inside. Portland: Onix.
Feiffer, Jules. 1965. The Great Comic Book Heroes. New York: Bonanza.
Feinberg, Leslie. 1998. Trans Liberation: Beyond Pink or Blue. Boston: Beacon.
Fenty, Sean, Trena Houp, and Laurie Taylor. 2005. “Webcomics: The Influence and Continuation of the Comix Revolution.” ImageTexT: Interdisciplinary Comics Studies 1, no. 2 (Winter). http://imagetext.english.ufl.edu.
Fernandez L’Hoeste, Hector, and Juan Poblete, eds. 2009. Redrawing the Nation: National Identity in Latin/o American Comics. London: Palgrave.
Fernández Rodríguez, Carolina. 2015. “Latina Super-Heroines: Hot Tamales in Tights vs. Women Warriors, Wrestlers and Guerrilla Fighters of La Raza.” Complutense Journal of English Studies 23:115–36.
Fielder, Tim. 2017. Matty’s Rocket: Book One. New York: Dieselfunk.
Figa, A. 2015a. “Trans, Genderqueer, and Genderfluid Cosplayers on Finding Their Safe Space in Conventions.” Mary Sue, March 12, 2015. www.themarysue.com.
Figa, A. 2015b. “Queersplay Cosplay Creates Safe Spaces at Cons.” Women Write about Comics. Accessed May 10, 2017. http://womenwriteaboutcomics.com.
Fingeroth, Danny. 2004. Superheroes on the Couch. London: Bloomsbury.
Finkelstein, Victor. 1980. Attitudes and Disabled People. New York: World Rehabilitation Fund.
Fiore, R. 2009. “The Experience of Comics.” Comics Journal 1, no. 300, 252–58.
Fiske, John. (1989) 2011. Reading the Popular. New York: Routledge.
Fiske, John. 1989. Understanding Popular Culture. New York: Routledge.
Foss, Chris, Jonathan W. Gray, and Zach Whalen, eds. 2016. Disability in Comic Books and Graphic Narratives. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Freccero, Carla. 1999. Popular Culture: An Introduction. New York: New York University Press.
Freeman, Elizabeth. 2010. Time Binds: Queer Temporalities, Queer Histories. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Gabilliet, Jean-Paul. 2009. Of Comics and Men: A Cultural History of American Comic Books. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Gaiman, Neil, and Dave McKean. 1991. Black Orchid. New York: Vertigo / DC Comics.
Gaines, Maxwell Charles. 1942. “Narrative Illustration: The Story of the Comics—Author Bio.” Print, a Quarterly Journal of the Graphic Arts 3, no. 2, 1–24.
Gaines, Maxwell Charles. 1943. “Good Triumphs over Evil—More about the Comics.” Print, a Quarterly Journal of the Graphic Arts 3, no. 3, 19.
Galvan, Margaret. 2015. “Archiving Grassroots Comics: The Radicality of Networks and Lesbian Community.” Archive Journal 5 (Fall). www.archivejournal.net.
Galvan, Margaret. 2017. “Archiving Wimmen: Collectives, Networks, and Comix.” Australian Feminist Studies 32, nos. 91–92, 22–40.
Galvan, Margaret. 2018. “‘The Lesbian Norman Rockwell’: Alison Bechdel and Queer Grassroots Networks.” American Literature 90, no. 2, 407–38.
Gans, Herbert J. 1999. Popular Culture and High Culture. New York: Basic Books.
Gaonkar, Dilip Parameshwar, and Elizabeth A. Povinelli. 2003. “Technologies of Public Forms: Circulation, Transfiguration, Recognition.” Public Culture 15:386–97.
García, Enrique. 2017. The Hernandez Brothers: Love, Rockets, and Alternative Comics. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
García, Santiago. 2015. On the Graphic Novel. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Gardner, Jared. 2006. “Archives, Collectors, and the New Media Work of Comics.” Modern Fiction Studies 52, no. 4, 787–806.
Gardner, Jared. 2012. Projections: Comics and the History of Twenty-First-Century Storytelling. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.
Garland-Thomson, Rosemarie. 1997. Extraordinary Bodies: Figuring Physical Disability in American Culture and Literature. New York: Columbia University Press.
Gartley, Elizabeth. 2017. “Speaking Language? The Politics of Language and Power in Saga.” Studies in Comics 8:51–68.
Garza, Margarito C. 1977. ¡Relampago! Self-published.
Gateward, Frances, and John Jennings, eds. 2015. The Blacker the Ink: Constructions of Black Identity in Comics and Sequential Art. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Gavaler, Chris. 2015. On the Origin of Superheroes. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press.
Gay Comix. September 1980-July 1988. Northampton, MA: Kitchen Sink.
Gearino, Dan. 2017. Comic Shop: The Retail Mavericks Who Gave Us a New Geek Culture. Athens, OH: Swallow.
Geissman, Grant. 2005. Foul Play! The Art and Artists of the Notorious 1950s E.C. Comics! New York: HarperCollins.
Gilligan, Sarah. 2011. “Heaving Cleavages and Fantastic Frock Coats: Gender Fluidity, Celebrity and Tactile Transmediality in Contemporary Costume Cinema.” Film, Fashion, and Consumption 1, no. 1, 7–38. https://doi.org/10.1386/ffc.1.1.7_1.
Gillman, Melanie. 2017. As the Crow Flies. Chicago: Iron Circus Comics.
Glaser, Jennifer. 2013. “Picturing the Transnational in Palomar: Gilbert Hernandez and the Comics of the Borderlands.” ImageTexT: Interdisciplinary Comics Studies 7, no. 1 (Summer). http://imagetext.english.ufl.edu.
Gobineau, Arthur. (1853) 1967. An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races. Translated by Adrian H. Collins. New York: H. Fertig.
Goldstein, Nancy. 2008. Jackie Ormes: The First African American Woman Cartoonist. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Gooden, Tai. 2016. “Unmasking the Cosplay Community’s Sexism and Racism Problem.” Establishment, May 12, 2016. https://theestablishment.co.
Goodley, Dan. 2011. Disability Studies: An Interdisciplinary Introduction. Los Angeles: SAGE.
Goodman, Kenneth S. 2014. “A Process of Reading in Nonalphabetic Languages: An Introduction.” In Making Sense of Learners Making Sense of Written Language: The Selected Works of Kenneth S. Goodman and Yetta M. Goodman, 75–85. New York: Routledge.
Goodrum, Michael, Tara Prescott, and Philip Smith, eds. 2018. Gender and the Superhero Narrative. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Gopalakrishnan, Kaveri. 2015. “Basic Space?” In Drawing the Line: Indian Women Fight Back, edited by Priya Kuriyan, Larissa Bertonasco, Ludmilla Bartsct, and Nicole Marie Burton, 141–49. New Delhi: Zubaan.
Gordon, Ian. 1998. Comic Strips and Consumer Culture: 1890–1945. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Gordon, Ian. 2012. “Writing to Superman: Towards an Understanding of the Social Networks of Comic-Book Fans.” Participations: Journal of Audience and Reception Studies 9:120–32.
Gordon, Ian. 2016. “Refiguring Media: Tee Shirts as a Site of Audience Engagement with Superheroes.” Information Society 32, no. 5, 301–5.
Gordon, Ian. 2017. Superman: The Persistence of an American Icon. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Gosset, Reina, Eric A. Stanley, and Johanna Burton, eds. 2017. Trap Door: Trans Cultural Production and the Politics of Visibility. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Gravett, Paul. 2013. Comics Art. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Gray, Brenna Clarke, and David N. Wright. 2017. “Decentering the Sexual Aggressor: Sexual Violence, Trigger Warnings and Bitch Planet.” Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics 8, no. 3, 264–76.
Gray, Jonathan, Cornell Sandvoss, and C. Lee Harrington, eds. 2007. Fandom: Identities and Communities in a Mediated World. New York: New York University Press.
Green, Justin. 2009. Binky Brown Meets the Holy Virgin Mary. San Francisco: McSweeney’s.
Green, Karen. n.d. “Research Guides: The American Graphic Novel: Archival Collections.” Columbia University Libraries. Accessed August 7, 2018. http://guides.library.columbia.edu.
Greeson, Jennifer Rae. 2010. Our South: Geographical Fantasy and the Rise of National Literature. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Gregory, Chase. 2012. “‘In the Gutter’: Comix Theory.” Studies in Comics 3, no. 1, 107–28.
Griepp, Milton, and John Jackson Miller. 2017. “Comics and Graphic Novel Sales Up 5% in 2016.” Comichron: A Resource for Comics Research. Accessed January 4, 2019. www.comichron.com.
Grierson, John [The Moviegoer, pseud.]. 1926. “Flaherty’s Poetic Moana.” New York Sun, February 8, 1926. In The Documentary Film Reader: History, Theory, Criticism, edited by Jonathan Kahana, 86–87. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Grierson, John [The Moviegoer, pseud.]. 1933. “The Documentary Producer.” Cinema Quarterly 2, no. 1 (Autumn): 7–9. In The Documentary Film Reader: History, Theory, Criticism, edited by Jonathan Kahana, 215–16. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Grimes, William. 2013a. “Al Jaffee’s Work Is Going to Columbia.” New York Times, October 6, 2013. www.nytimes.com.
Grimes, William. 2013b. “Columbia Rare Book Library Gets the Kitchen Sink.” ArtsBeat (blog), December 31, 2013. http://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com.
Groensteen, Thierry. 2007. The System of Comics. Translated by Bart Beaty and Nick Nguyen. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi.
Groensteen, Thierry. 2009. “Why Are Comics Still in Search of Cultural Legitimization?” Translated by Shirley Smolderen. In A Comics Studies Reader, edited by Jeet Heer and Kent Worcester, 3–11. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Groensteen, Thierry. 2013. Comics and Narration. Translated by Ann Miller. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Groth, Gary. 1991. “Zap: An Interview with Robert Crumb.” Comics Journal 143. Accessed March 2, 2017. www.tcj.com.
Groth, Gary. 2004. “One of the Main Reasons to Go On Living Is I Still Think I Haven’t Done My Best Work.” In R. Crumb: Interviews, Comix, and Color Gallery, 13–66. Vol. 3 of Comics Journal Library. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Groth, Gary. 2013. “Gary Groth and the Brothers.” In The Love and Rockets Companion, edited by Marc Sobel and Kristy Valenti, 10–79. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Grove, Laurence. 2010. Comics in French: The European Bande Dessinée in Context. New York: Bergahn.
Gruber, Christian. 2019. The Praiseworthy One: The Prophet Muhammad in Islamic Texts and Images. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Guigar, Brad. 2014. The Webcomics Handbook. Philadelphia: Greystone Inn Comics.
Guigar, Brad, Dave Kellett, Scott Kurtz, and Kris Straud. 2008. How to Make Webcomics. Berkeley, CA: Image Comics.
Gunderloy, Mike. 1990. “Zines: Where the Action Is; the Very Small Press in America.” Whole Earth Review 68 (Fall): 58–60.
Gunnels, Jen. 2009. “‘A Jedi like My Father before Me’: Social identity and the New York Comic Con.” Transformative Works and Cultures 3. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2009.0161.
Gustines, George Gene. 2011. “The X-Men Go to College.” ArtsBeat (blog), November 11, 2011. http://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com.
Habell-Pallán, Michelle. 2005. Loca Motion: The Travels of Chicana and Latina Popular Culture. New York: New York University Press.
Hajdu, David. 2009. The Ten-Cent Plague: The Great Comic-Book Scare and How It Changed America. New York: Picador.
Halberstam, Jack. 2011. The Queer Art of Failure. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Halberstam, Jack. 2017. “Suffering Sappho! Wonder Woman and Feminism.” Bullybloggers (blog), July 5, 2017. https://bullybloggers.wordpress.com.
Hale-Stern, Kaila. 2018. “Our New Favorite Wonder Woman Cosplayer Went as Patty Jenkins.” Mary Sue, April 11, 2018. www.themarysue.com.
Hall, Justin. 2012. No Straight Lines: Four Decades of Queer Comics. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hall, Stuart. 2002. Stuart Hall: Representation and the Media. Video lecture produced, directed, and edited by Sut Jhally. Northampton, MA: Media Education Foundation.
Halloran, Fiona Deans. 2012. Thomas Nast: The Father of Modern Political Cartoons. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Hamlin, Janet. 2013. Sketching Guantanamo: Court Sketches of the Military Tribunals 2006–2012. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Haraway, Donna. 1988. “Situated Knowledges: The Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective.” Feminist Studies 14, no. 3, 575–99.
Harrison, Claire. 2003. “Visual Social Semiotics: Understanding How Still Images Make Meaning.” Technical Communication 50:46–60.
Hartman, Saidiya. 2008. “Venus in Two Acts.” Small Axe 12, no. 2, 1–14.
Harvey, Robert C. 2001. “The Graphic Novel, Will Eisner, and Other Pioneers, Part 2.” Comics Journal, no. 234 (June): 92–97. www.tcj.com.
Harvey, Robert C. 2016. “Outcault, Goddard, the Comics, and the Yellow Kid.” Comics Journal, June 9, 2016. www.tcj.com.
Harvey, Robert C., and Gus Arriola. 2000. Accidental Ambassador Gordo: The Comic Strip Art of Gus Arriola. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Hassler-Forest, Dan. 2012. Capitalist Superheroes: Caped Crusaders in a Neoliberal Age. Winchester: Zero.
Hatfield, Charles. 2005. Alternative Comics: An Emerging Literature. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Hatfield, Charles. 2011. “Redrawing the Comic-Strip Child: Charles M. Schulz’s Peanuts as Cross-Writing.” In The Oxford Handbook of Children’s Literature, edited by J. L. Mickenberg and L. Vallone, 167–87. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hatfield, Charles. 2014. “Do Independent Comics Still Exist in the US and Canada?” In La bande dessinée en dissidence [Comics in dissent], edited by Christophe Dony, Tanguy Habrand, and Gert Meesters, 59–78. Belgium: Presses Universitaires de Liège.
Hatfield, Nami Kitsune. 2016. “Transforming Spaces: Transgender Webcomics as a Model for Transgender Empowerment and Representation within Library and Archive Spaces.” Queer Cats Journal of LGBTQ Studies 1, no. 1, 58–73.
Hayles, N. Katherine. 2002. Writing Machines. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Hayot, Eric. 2012. On Literary Worlds. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hayward, Eva, and Jami Weinstein. 2015. “Introduction: Tranimalities in the Age of Trans* Life.” TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly 2, no. 2 (May): 195–208.
Healey, Karen. 2009. “When Fangirls Perform: The Gendered Fan Identity in Superhero Comics Fandom.” In The Contemporary Comic Book Superhero, edited by Angela Ndalianis, 144–63. New York: Routledge.
Heer, Jeet. 2013. In Love with Art: Françoise Mouly’s Adventures in Comics with Art Spiegelman. Toronto: Coach House Books.
Heer, Jeet, and Kent Worcester. 2009. Introduction to A Comics Studies Reader, edited by Jeet Heer and Kent Worcester, xi–xv. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Hellekson, Karen, and Kristina Busse, eds. 2006. Fan Fiction and Fan Communities in the Age of the Internet. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
Herman, David, ed. 2017. Animal Comics: Multispecies Storyworlds in Graphic Narratives. New York: Bloomsbury.
Hernandez, Gilbert. 2007a. Beyond Palomar. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Gilbert. 2007b. Chance in Hell. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Gilbert. 2007c. Heartbreak Soup. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Gilbert. 2007d. Human Diastrophism. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Gilbert. 2007e. “Poison River.” In Beyond Palomar, 7–192. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Gilbert. 2008. “BEM.” In Amor y Cohetes, by Gilbert Hernandez, Jaime Hernandez, and Mario Hernandez, 9–48. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Gilbert. 2009. The Troublemakers. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Gilbert. 2013. The Children of Palomar. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Gilbert. 2014a. Fatima: The Blood Spinners. Milwaukee: Dark Horse.
Hernandez, Gilbert. 2014b. Loverboys. Milwaukee: Dark Horse.
Hernandez, Gilbert. 2014c. Luba and Her Family. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Gilbert. 2015. Ofelia. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Jaime. 2007a. The Girl from H.O.P.P.E.R.S. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Jaime. 2007b. Maggie the Mechanic. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Jaime. 2007c. “Mechan-X.” In Maggie the Mechanic, 7–14. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Jaime. 2010. Penny Century. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Jaime. 2011. Esperanza. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Jaime. 2012. God and Science: Return of the Ti-Girls. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hernandez, Jaime. 2014. The Love Bunglers. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Hilmes, Michelle. 2009. “Nailing Mercury: The Problem of Media Industry Historiography.” In Media Industries: History, Theory and Method, edited by Alisa Perren and Jennifer Holt. London: Blackwell.
Hlozek, R. 2004. “Cosplay: The New Main Attraction.” Jive Magazine, May 2004. www.jivemagazine.com.
Holland, Sharon P. 2016. “Hum/animal: All Together.” PMLA 131, no. 1, 167–69.
Holt, Jennifer, and Alisa Perren, eds. 2009. Media Industries: History, Theory and Method. London: Blackwell.
Honey, Maureen. 1984. Creating Rosie the Riveter: Class, Gender, and Propaganda during World War II. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.
Hong, Christine. 2015. “Illustrating the Postwar Peace: Miné Okubo, the ‘Citizen-Subject’ of Japan, and Fortune Magazine.” American Quarterly 67, no. 1, 105–40.
Horton, Andrew, and Stuart Y. McDougal. 1998. Introduction to Play It Again, Sam: Retakes on Remakes, edited by Andrew Horton and Stuart Y. McDougal, 1–11. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Howard, Sheena. 2018. “Situating Cyberzone: Black Lesbian Identity in Comics.” Journal of Lesbian Studies 22, no. 4, 402–14.
Howard, Sheena C., and Ronald L. Jackson II, eds. 2013. Black Comics: Politics of Race and Representation. New York: Bloomsbury.
Hutcheon, Linda. 1985. A Theory of Parody. Cambridge: Methuen.
Hutcheon, Linda. 1989a. “Historiographic Metafiction: Parody and the Intertextuality of History.” In Intertextuality and Contemporary American Fiction, edited by Patrick O’Donnell and Robert Con Davis, 3–32. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Hutcheon, Linda. 1989b. The Politics of Postmodernism. New York: Routledge.
Hutcheon, Linda. 2006. A Theory of Adaptation. New York: Routledge.
Ignacio, Abe Enrique de la Cruz, Jorge Emmanuel, and Helen Toribio, eds. 2004. The Forbidden Book: The Philippine-American War in Political Cartoons. San Francisco: T’Boli.
Inge, M. Thomas. 2012. “Li’l Abner, Snuffy, and Friends: The Appalachian South in the American Comic Strip.” In Comics and the U.S. South, edited by Brannon Costello and Qiana Whitted, 3–28. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
“Interviews with Women Comic Artists: Trina Robbins.” 1979. Cultural Correspondence, no. 9 (Spring): 10–12.
Jackson, Sarah J., Moya Bailey, and Brooke Foucault Welles. 2017. “#GirlsLikeUs: Trans Advocacy and Community Building Online.” new media & society 20, no. 5, 1–21.
Jacobi, Charles Thomas. 1888. The Printers’ Vocabulary. London: Chiswick.
Jacobs, Dale. 2020. “Text, Object, Transaction: Reconciling Approaches to the Teaching of Comics.” In With Great Power Comes Great Pedagogy: Teaching, Learning, and Comic Books, edited by Susan Kirtley, Peter Carlson, and Antero Garcia, 23–37. New York: Routledge.
Jacobs, Frank. 1973. The Mad World of William M. Gaines. New York: Bantam.
James, William. 1890. The Principles of Psychology. New York: Holt.
Janson, Klaus. 2003. The DC Guide to Inking Comics. New York: Watson-Guptill.
Jee, Yein. 2008. “Origin of the Word Cosplay.” Yein Jee’s Asian Blog, July 3, 2008. https://yeinjee.com.
Jenkins, Henry. 1992. Textual Poachers: Television Fans and Participatory Culture. New York: Routledge.
Jenkins, Henry. 2008a. Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. New York: New York University Press.
Jenkins, Henry. 2008b. “‘Just Men in Tights’: Rewriting Silver Age Comics in an Era of Multiplicity.” In The Contemporary Comic Book Superhero, edited by Angela Ndalianis. New York: Routledge.
Jenkins, Henry, and N. Carpentier. 2013. “Theorizing Participatory Intensities: A Conversation about Participation and Politics.” Convergence 19, no. 3, 265–86. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354856513482090.
Jenkins, Henry, Sam Ford, and Joshua Green, eds. 2013. Spreadable Media: Creating Value and Meaning in a Networked Culture. New York: New York University Press.
Johnson, Derek. 2013. Media Franchising: Creative License and Collaboration in the Culture Industries. New York: New York University Press.
Jones, Gerard. 2004. Men of Tomorrow: Geeks, Gangsters and the Birth of the Comic Book. New York: Basic Books.
Jones, Jeffrey Catherine. (1975) 1979. Idyl. Dragon’s Dream.
Joseph, Miranda. 2002. Against the Romance of Community. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Juno, Andrea, and Diane Noomin. 1997. “Diane Noomin” (interview). In Dangerous Drawings: Interviews with Comix and Graphix Artists, 176–87. New York: Juno.
Juno, Andrea, and Art Spiegelman. 1997. “Art Spiegelman” (interview). In Dangerous Drawings: Interviews with Comix and Graphix Artists, 6–27. New York: Juno.
Kamentsky, Gina. 2002. A Transgendered Gal’s Search for Validation and a Decent Cup of Coffee. T-Gina. T-Gina Comics. Self-published.
Kaplan, Caren. 1992. “Resisting Autobiography: Out-Law Genres and Transnational Feminist Subjects.” In De/Colonizing the Subject: The Politics of Gender in Women’s Autobiography, edited by Sidonie Smith and Julia Watson, 115–38. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Karasik, Paul, and Mark Newgarden. 2017. How to Read Nancy_: The Elements of Comics in Three Easy Panels._ Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Kashtan, Aaron. 2017. “‘Those Aren’t Really Comics’: Raina Telgemeier and the Limitations of Direct-Market Centrism.” Paper presented at the International Comic Arts Forum, Seattle, November 3, 2017.
Kashtan, Aaron. 2018a. Between Pen and Pixel: Comics, Materiality, and the Book of the Future. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.
Kashtan, Aaron. 2018b. “Change the Cover: Superhero Fan Identity in an Age of Diversification.” Journal of Fandom Studies 6, no. 3 (September): 243–61.
Kasilag, Giselle. 2003. “Today’s Mindless Purchase May Be Tomorrow’s Nest Egg: Comic Books as Investments.” BusinessWorld, November 10, 2003, 1.
Kaye, Julia. n.d. Up and Out. Accessed February 4, 2019. http://upandoutcomic.tumblr.com.
Kearney, Mary Celeste. 2006. Girls Make Media. New York: Routledge.
Kidman, Shawna. 2019. Comic Books Incorporated: How the Business of Comics Became the Business of Hollywood. Oakland: University of California Press.
Kirkpatrick, Ellen. 2013. “Playing Gods: Identity in the Superhero Genre and Cosplay.” MPhil thesis, Bristol University.
Kirkpatrick, Ellen. 2015. “Toward New Horizons: Cosplay (Re)imagined through the Superhero Genre, Authenticity, and Transformation.” Transformative Works and Cultures 18. http://journal.transformativeworks.org.
Kirkpatrick, Ellen. 2017. “Recovering the Radical Promise of the Superhero Genre: Transformation, Representation, Worldmaking.” PhD diss., Kingston University.
Kirkpatrick, Ellen. 2019. “On [Dis]play: Outlier Resistance and on the Matter of Racebending Superhero Cosplay.” Transformative Works and Cultures 29. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2019.1483.
Kirkpatrick, Ellen, and Suzanne Scott. 2015. “Representation and Diversity in Comics Studies.” Cinema Journal 55, no. 1 (Fall): 120–24.
Kitabayashi, Ken. 2004. “The Otaku Group from a Business Perspective: Revaluation of Enthusiastic Consumers.” NRI Papers 84 (December 1): 2–8. www.nri.com.
Kline, Stephen. 1993. Out of the Garden: Toys and Children’s Culture in the Age of TV Marketing. New York: Verso.
Klock, Geoff. 2002. How to Read Superhero Comics and Why. New York: Continuum.
Kohlert, Frederik Byrn. 2012. “Female Grotesques: Carnivalesque Subversion in the Comics of Julie Doucet.” Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics 3, no. 1, 19–38.
Kristeva, Julia. 1980a. “The Bounded Text.” In Desire in Language: A Semiotic Approach to Literature and Art, edited by Leon S. Roudiez, 36–63. Translated by Thomas Gora, Alice Jardine, and Leon S. Roudiez. New York: Columbia University Press.
Kristeva, Julia. 1980b. “Word, Dialogue, and Novel.” In Desire in Language: A Semiotic Approach to Literature and Art, edited by Leon S. Roudiez, 64–91. Translated by Thomas Gora, Alice Jardine, and Leon S. Roudiez. New York: Columbia University Press.
Kumbier, Alana. 2014. Ephemeral Material: Queering the Archive. Sacramento: Litwin.
Kunka, Andrew J. 2017a. Autobiographical Comics. London: Bloomsbury.
Kunka, Andrew J. 2017b. “A Contract with God, The First Kingdom, and the ‘Graphic Novel’: The Will Eisner / Jack Katz Letters.” INKS 1, no. 1 (Spring): 27–39.
Kunka, Andrew, and Derek Royal. 2018. “Catching Up with the Hernandez Brothers.” In Full Bleed: The Comics & Culture Quarterly, edited by Dirk Wood and Ted Adams, 13–29. San Diego: IDW/Woodworks.
Kunzle, David. 2007. Father of the Comic Strip: Rodolphe Töpffer. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Labio, Catherine. 2011. “What’s in a Name? The Academic Study of Comics and the ‘Graphic Novel.’” Cinema Journal 50, no. 3 (Spring): 123–26.
Lamb, Chris. 2004. Drawn to Extremes: The Use and Abuse of Editorial Cartoons. New York: Columbia University Press.
Lamerichs, Nicolle. 2010. “Stranger Than Fiction: Fan Identity in Cosplay.” Transformative Works and Cultures 7. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2011.0246.
Lamerichs, Nicolle. 2018. “Nicolle Lamerichs.” Fan Fashion, or How Creative Designers Appropriate Pop-Culture. January 24, 2018. https://nicollelamerichs.com.
Landis, Winona. 2016. “Diasporic (Dis)identification: The Participatory Fandom of Ms. Marvel.” South Asian Popular Culture 14, no. 1–2: 33–47. https://doi.org/10.1080/14746689.2016.1241344.
Lanham, Richard. 2006. Economics of Attention: Style and Substance in the Age of Information. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Lassiter, Matthew D., and Joseph Crespino. 2010. “Introduction: The End of Southern History.” In The Myth of Southern Exceptionalism, edited by Matthew D. Lassiter and Joseph Crespino, 3–22. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lee, Benjamin, and Edward LiPuma. 2002. “Cultures of Circulation: The Imaginations of Modernity.” Public Culture 14:191–213.
Lee, Stan, and Jack Kirby. (1961) 2013, 2018. The Fantastic Four Omnibus, vols. 1 and 2. New York: Marvel Comics.
LeFevre, P. 2017. “Newspaper Strips.” In The Routledge Companion to Comics, edited by Frank Bramlett, Roy T. Cook, and Aaron Meskin, 16–24. New York: Routledge.
Leng, Rachel. 2013. “Gender, Sexuality, and Cosplay: A Case Study of Male-to-Female Crossplay.” Phoenix Papers: First Edition, April 2013. https://dash.harvard.edu.
Lepore, Jill. 2015. The Secret History of Wonder Woman. New York: Vintage.
Lethem, Jonathan. 2004. “The Return of the King, or, Identifying with Your Parents.” In Give Our Regards to the Atomsmashers! Writers on Comics, edited by Sean How, 2–23. New York: Pantheon.
Levine, Lawrence. 1988. Highbrow/Lowbrow. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Lewis, A. David, and Martin Lund, eds. 2017. Muslim Superheroes: Comics, Islam, and Representation. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Lhamon, W. T., Jr. 1998. Raising Cain: Blackface Performance from Jim Crow to Hip Hop. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Library of Congress Collections Policy Statements. 1994. Washington, DC: Library of Congress.
Licona, Adela. 2005. “(B)orderlands’ Rhetorics and Representations: The Transformative Potential of Feminist Third-Space Scholarship and Zines.” NWSA Journal 17:104–29.
Limb, Peter, and Tejumola Olaniyan, eds. 2018. Taking African Cartoons Seriously: Politics, Satire, and Culture. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.
Linde, Jess. 2014. “Cosplay Is Not Consent: Exploring the Dark Side of Adult Dress-Up.” Vice, July 15, 2014. www.vice.com.
Linnaeus, Carl. (1759) 1964. Systema Naturae. 10th ed. New York: Stechert-Hafner Service Agency.
Lizardi, Ryan. 2014. Mediated Nostalgia: Individual Memory and Contemporary Mass Media. Lanham, MD: Lexington.
Long, Geoffrey. 2013. “(Sp)Reading Digital Comics.” Spreadable Media. Accessed June 5, 2015. http://spreadablemedia.org.
Lopes, Paul. 2009. Demanding Respect: The Evolution of the American Comic Book. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Lopez, Lori Kido. 2011. “Fan Activists and the Politics of Race in The Last Airbender.” International Journal of Cultural Studies 15, no. 5, 431–45.
Lopez, Marco, Desiree Rodriguez, Hazel Newlevant, Derek Ruiz, and Neil Schwartz. 2018. Puerto Rico Strong. St. Louis: Lion Forge.
Love, Heather. 2014. “Queer.” Transgender Studies Quarterly 1, no. 1–2, 172–76.
Love, Jeremy. 2009, 2010. Bayou, vols. 1 and 2. New York: DC Comics.
Lowe, Lisa. 2015. The Intimacies of Four Continents. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Luque, Nazario. 2017. Anarcoma: Obra Grafica Completa. Barcelona: La Cupula.
Lyon, Janet. 2009. Manifestoes: Provocations of the Modern. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Mac, Garry. 2012. Gonzo Cosmic #1. Glasgow: Unthank Comics.
Maher, Bill. 2018. “Adulting.” Real Time with Bill Maher Blog, November 16, 2018. www.real-time-with-bill-maher-blog.com.
Marrone, Daniel. 2016. Forging the Past: Seth and the Art of Memory. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Marshall, Daniel, Kevin P. Murphy, and Zeb Tortorici, eds. 2014. “Special Issue: Queering Archives: Historical Unravelings” Radical History Review 14, no. 3 (Fall).
Martinbrough, Shawn. 2007. How to Draw Noir Comics: The Art and Technique of Visual Storytelling. New York: Watson-Guptill.
Mazur, Dan, and Alexander Danner. 2014. Comics: A Global History, 1968 to the Present. London: Thames and Hudson.
Mazzucchelli, David. 2009. Asterios Polyp. New York: Pantheon.
Mbembe, Achille. 2017. Critique of Black Reason. Translated by Laurent Dubois. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
McAllister, Matthew P., Ian Gordon, and Mark Jancovich. 2006. “Blockbuster Meets Superhero Comic, or Art House Meets Graphic Novel? The Contradictory Relationship between Film and Comic Art.” Journal of Popular Film and Television 34, no. 3, 108–14.
McCabe, Caitlin. 2016. “Columbia University Acquires Personal Archives of Seminal Comics Creator Howard Cruse.” Comic Book Legal Defense Fund (blog), September 8, 2016. http://cbldf.org.
McCay, Winsor, dir. 1918. The Sinking of the Lusitania. New York: Jewel Productions.
McClancy, Kathleen. 2018. “Comics and History.” Feminist Media Histories 4, no. 3, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1525/fmh.2018.4.3.1.
McCloud, Scott. 1993. Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art. New York: HarperCollins.
McCloud, Scott. 2000. Reinventing Comics: The Evolution of an Art Form. New York: HarperCollins.
McCloud, Scott. 2006. Making Comics. New York: HarperCollins.
McCloud, Scott. 2018. “A Bill of Rights for Comics Creators.” Scott McCloud. www.scottmccloud.com.
McCloud, Scott. n.d. “The ‘Infinite’ Canvass.” Scott McCloud. Accessed July 11, 2018. www.scottmccloud.com.
McCullough, Kate. 2018. “The Complexity of Loss Itself: The Comics Form and Fun Home’s Queer Reparative Temporality.” American Literature 90, no. 2 (June): 377–405.
McGuire, Richard. 2014. Here. New York: Pantheon.
McInnis, Jarvis. 2015. “That ‘the Land Would One Day Be Free’: Reconciling Race and Region in African American and Southern Studies.” Mississippi Quarterly 68, no. 1–2, 15–20.
McIsaac, Molly. 2012. “What Is Cosplay and Why Do People Do It?” iFanboy, June 12, 2012. https://ifanboy.com.
McKenzie, Donald F. 1999. Bibliography and the Sociology of Texts. New York: Cambridge University Press.
McKinney, Mark. 2008. “Representations of History and Politics in French-Language Comics and Graphic Novels: An Introduction.” In History and Politics in French-Language Comics and Graphic Novels, edited by Mark McKinney, 3–24. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
McLelland, Mark, and Romit Dasgupta, eds. 2005. Genders, Transgenders and Sexualities in Japan. London: Routledge.
McMillan, Graeme. 2016. “‘Rebirth’: Geoff Johns Talks about Bringing Hope Back to the DC Universe.” Hollywood Reporter, May 25, 2016. www.hollywoodreporter.com.
McMillan, Graeme, and Tee Franklin. 2018. “Inside Image’s Socially Conscious Horror Comic ‘Jook Joint.’” Heat Vision. Hollywood Reporter, June 19, 2018. www.hollywoodreporter.com.
McPherson, Tara. 2003. Reconstructing Dixie: Race, Gender and Nostalgia in the Imagined South. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
McRuer, Robert. 2006. Crip Theory: Cultural Signs of Queerness and Disability. New York: New York University Press.
Meehan, Eileen. 2005. Why TV Is Not Our Fault: Television Programming, Viewers, and Who’s Really in Control. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Melamed, Jodi. 2011. Represent and Destroy: Rationalizing Violence in the New Racial Capitalism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Merino, Ana. 2009. “The Bros Hernandez: A Latin Presence in Alternative U.S. Comics.” In Redrawing the Nation: National Identity in Latin/o American Comics, edited by Hector Fernández L’Hoeste and Juan Poblete, 251–69. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Metz, Christian. 1982. The Imaginary Signifier. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Micheline, J. A. 2015. “Cosplaying While Trans: Exploring the Intersection between Cosplay and Gender Identity.” Vice. www.vice.com.
Mickwitz, Nina. 2016. Documentary Comics: Graphic Truth-Telling in a Skeptical Age. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Millán, Isabel. 2016. “Anya Sofía (Araña) Corazón: The Inner Webbings and Mexi-Ricanization of Spider-girl.” In Graphic Borders: Latino Comic Books Past, Present, and Future, edited by Frederick Luis Aldama and Christopher González, 203–23. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Miller, Ann. 2017. “Formalist Theory: Academics.” In The Secret Origins of Comics Studies, edited by Matthew J. Smith and Randy Duncan, 150–63. New York: Routledge.
Miller, John Jackson. 2017. “FAQ: Postal Sales Data for Comic Books.” Comichron: A Resource for Comics Research. www.comichron.com.
Miranda-Rodriguez, Edgardo. 2018. Ricanstruction: Reminiscing and Rebuilding Puerto Rico. New York: Somos Arte.
Misemer, Leah. 2018. “Hands across the Ocean: A 1970s Network of French and American Women Cartoonists.” In Comics Studies Here and Now, edited by Frederick Luis Aldama, 191–210. New York: Routledge.
Mitchell, David T., and Sharon L. Snyder. 2000. Narrative Prosthesis: Disability and the Dependencies of Discourse. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Mitchell, W. J. T. 1984. “The Politics of Genre: Space and Time in Lessing’s Laacoon.” Representations 6, no. 1, 98–115.
Mitchell, W. J. T. 1986. Iconology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Mitchell, W. J. T. 1995. Picture Theory: Essays on Verbal and Visual Representation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Mitchell, W. J. T. 2004. What Do Pictures Want? The Lives and Loves of Images. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Mitchell, W. J. T., and Art Spiegelman. 2014. “Public Conversation: What the %$&# Happened to Comics?” In “Comics and Media,” edited by Hillary Chute and Patrick Jagoda, special issue, Critical Inquiry, Spring 2014, 20–35.
Molotiu, Andrei, ed. 2009. Abstract Comics. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Molotiu, Andrei. 2012. “Abstract Form: Sequential Dynamism and Iconostasis in Abstract Comics and Steve Ditko’s Amazing Spider-Man.” In Critical Approaches to Comics: Theories and Methods, edited by Matthew J. Smith and Randy Duncan, 84–100. New York: Routledge.
Monster, Sfé, ed. 2015. Beyond: The Queer Sci-Fi and Fantasy Comic Anthology. Portland, OR: Beyond Press.
Moore, Alan, and Melinda Gebbie. (2006) 2018. Lost Girls. London: Knockabout Comics.
Moore, Alan, Dave McKean, and John Higgins. 1987. Watchmen. New York: DC Comics.
Moore, Alan, Rick Veitch, and Al Williamson. 1985. “The Jungle Line.” DC Comics Presents 85 (September). New York: DC Comics.
Moore, Mignon R. 2006. “Lipstick or Timberlands? Meanings of Gender Presentation in Black Lesbian Communities.” Signs 32, no. 1, 113–39.
Morrison, Grant. 2012. Supergods. New York: Spiegel & Grau.
Morris-Suzuki, Tessa. 2005. The Past within Us: Media, Memory, History. London: Verso.
Morton, Samuel George. 1839. Crania Americana. London: Simpkins, Marshall.
Muñoz, José Esteban. 2009. Cruising Utopia: The Then and There of Queer Futurity. New York: New York University Press.
Murray, Christopher. 2011. Champions of the Oppressed: Superhero Comics, Popular Culture, and Propaganda in America during World War II. Creskill, NJ: Hampton.
Nama, Adilifu. 2009. “Brave Black Worlds: Black Superheroes as Science Fiction Ciphers.” African Identities 7, no. 2, 133–44.
Nama, Adilifu, and Maya Haddad. 2016. “Mapping the Blatino Badlands and Borderlands of American Pop Culture.” In Graphic Borders: Latino Comic Books Past, Present, and Future, edited by Frederick Luis Aldama and Christopher González, 253–68. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Nast, Thomas. 1876. “The Ignorant Vote—Honors Are Easy.” Harper’s Weekly, December 9, 1876, cover.
Navasky, Victor S. 2013. The Art of Controversy: Political Cartoons and Their Enduring Power. New York: Alfred Knopf.
Ndalianis, Angela. 2009. “Enter the Aleph: Superhero Worlds and Hypertime Realities.” In The Contemporary Comic Book Superhero, edited by Angela Ndalianis, 270–90. New York: Routledge.
New York Times. 1943. “Publisher Shares Profit: 10 Groups Benefit from Bible Stories in Comic Strip Form.” December 30, 1943, 15.
Nguyen, Mimi Thi. 2012. “Riot Grrrl, Race, and Revival.” In “Punk Anteriors: Genealogy, Performance, Theory,” edited by Beth Stinson and Fiona I. B. Ngô, special issue, Women & Performance 22, no. 2–3 (July–November): 173–96.
Nguyen, Mimi Thi. 2015. “Minor Threats.” In “Queering Archives,” edited by Kevin Murphy, Daniel Marshall, and Zeb Tortorici, special issue, Radical History Review 122 (May): 11–24.
Nicholson, Hope. 2017. The Spectacular Sisterhood of Superwomen: Awesome Female Characters from Comic Book History. Philadelphia: Quirk.
Norcliffe, Glen, and Olivero Rendace. 2003. “New Geographies of Comic Book Production in North America: The New Artisan, Distancing, and the Periodic Social Economy.” Economic Geography 79, no. 3, 241–63.
Norris, Craig, and Jason Bainbridge. 2009. “Intersections: Selling Otaku? Mapping the Relationship between Industry and Fandom in the Australian Cosplay Scene.” Intersections: Gender and Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific 20 (April). http://intersections.anu.edu.au.
North, Sterling. 1941. “The Antidote for Comics.” National Parent-Teacher, March 1941.
Norton, Bonny, and Karen Vanderheyden. 2004. “Comic Book Culture and Second Language Learners.” In Critical Pedagogies and Language Learning, edited by Bonny Norton and Kelleen Toohey, 201–21. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Nyberg, Amy Kiste. 1998. Seal of Approval: The History of the Comics Code. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Nyberg, Amy Kiste. 2016. “The Comics Code.” In The Routledge Companion to Comics, edited by Frank Bramlett, Roy T. Cook, and Aaron Meskin, 25–33. New York: Routledge.
OED Online. 2020. “Universe, n2.” Oxford: Oxford University Press. Accessed November 19, 2020. www.oed.com.
Oh, Stella. 2017. “Laughter against Laughter: Interrupting Racial and Gendered Stereotypes in Gene Luen Yang’s American Born Chinese.” Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics 8, no. 1, 20–32.
O’Keefe, Carly. 2006. “Sparta Residents Offer Hope to Herrin after Plant Closing.” KFVS12, May 12, 2006. www.kfvs12.com.
Oksman, Tahneer. 2016. “How Come Boys Get to Keep Their Noses?”: Women and Jewish American Identity in Contemporary Graphic Memoirs. New York: Columbia University Press.
Okubo, Miné. (1946) 2014. Citizen 13660. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Olaniyan, Tejumola. 2013. AfricaCartoons. Accessed September 25, 2018. africacartoons.com.
Oliver, Michael. 1990. The Politics of Disablement: A Sociological Approach. London: St. Martin’s.
Ong, Walter J. 1945. “The Comics and the Super State.” Arizona Quarterly 1, no. 3 (Autumn): 34–48.
Ong, Walter J. 1986. “Writing Is a Technology That Restructures Thought.” In The Written Word: Literacy in Transition, edited by Gerd Baumann, 23–50. New York: Oxford University Press.
Ornasaka, Junko. 2006. Feminist Revolution in Literacy: Feminist Bookstores in the United States. New York: Routledge.
Oropeza, B. J., ed. 2008. The Gospel According to Superheroes: Religion and Popular Culture. New York: Peter Lang.
O’Sullivan, Judith. 1990. The Great American Comic Strip: One Hundred Years of Cartoon Art. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.
Pande, Rukmini. 2018. “Who Do You Mean by ‘Fan’? Decolonizing Media Fandom Identity.” In A Companion to Media Fandom and Fan Studies, edited by Paul Booth, 319–32. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Panter, Gary. 2005. Satiro-plastic: The Sketchbook of Gary Panter. Montreal: Drawn & Quarterly.
Park, Chan-wook, dir. 2003. Oldboy. Seoul: Show East.
Penrose, Walter Duvall, Jr. 2017. “More Than an Amazon: Wonder Woman.” Oxford University Press Blog, July 27, 2017. https://blog.oup.com.
Pérez, Laura E. 2007. Chicana Art: The Politics of Spiritual and Aesthetic Altarities. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Perren, Alisa, and Laura E. Felschow. 2018. “The Bigger Picture: Drawing Intersections between Comics, Fan, and Industry Studies.” In The Routledge Companion to Media Fandom, edited by Melissa A. Click and Suzanne Scott, 309–18. New York: Routledge.
Perren, Alisa, and Gregory Steirer. 2021. The American Comic Book Industry and Hollywood. London: Bloomsbury.
Pett, Emma. 2016. “Cosplay Rey: Intergenerational Fandom and the Importance of Play at the 2016 Star Wars Celebration, London.” Deletion, November 24, 2016. www.deletionscifi.org.
Pickens, Therí A., ed. 2017. “Blue Blackness, Black Blueness: Making Sense of Blackness and Disability.” Special issue, African American Review 50, no. 2, 93–103.
Piepmeier, Alison. 2009. Girl Zines: Making Media, Doing Feminism. New York: New York University Press.
Pilcher, Tim, and Gene Kannenberg Jr. 2008. Erotic Comics: A Graphic History from Tijuana Bibles to Underground Comix. New York: Abrams.
Pitkethly, Clare. 2009. “Derrida, Deleuze and a Duck: The Movement of the Circulating Differential in Comic Book Analysis.” Animation: An Interdisciplinary Journal 4, no. 3, 283–302.
Pizzino, Christopher. 2016. Arresting Development: Comics at the Boundaries of Literature. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Plunkett, Luke. 2014. “Where the Word ‘Cosplay’ Actually Comes From.” Kotaku, October 10, 2014. https://kotaku.com.
Postema, Barbara. 2013. Narrative Structure in Comics: Making Sense of Fragments. Rochester, NY: RIT Press.
Powell, Nate. 2011. Any Empire. Marietta, GA: Top Shelf.
Priego, Ernesto. 2010. “The Comic Book in the Age of Digital Reproduction.” PhD diss., University College London. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.754575.
Prorokova, Tatiana, and Nimrod Tal, eds. 2018. Cultures of War in Graphic Novels: Violence, Trauma, and Memory. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Prosser, Jay. 1998. Second Skins: The Body Narratives of Transsexuality. New York: Columbia University Press.
Prough, Jennifer S. 2011. Straight from the Heart: Gender, Intimacy, and the Cultural Production of Sh_ō_jo Manga. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.
Pustz, Matthew. 1999. Comic Book Culture: Fanboys and True Believers. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Pustz, Matthew. 2016. “Comics and Fandom.” In The Routledge Companion to Comics, edited by Frank Bramlett, Roy T. Cook, and Aaron Meskin, 267–74. New York: Routledge.
Quesenberry, Krista. 2017. “Intersectional and Non-human Self-Representation in Women’s Autobiographical Comics.” Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics 8, no. 5, 417–32.
Quinby, Lee. 1992. “The Subject of Memoirs: The Woman Warrior’s Technology of Ideographic Selfhood.” In De/Colonizing the Subject: The Politics of Gender in Women’s Autobiography, edited by Sidonie Smith and Julia Watson, 297–320. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Rabinowitz, Paula. 2014. American Pulp: How Paperbacks Brought Modernism to Main Street. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Rad Queers. 2014. “Rad Queers: Edie Fake.” Accessed July 30, 2018. https://vimeo.com.
Radway, Janice. 1984. Reading the Romance: Women, Patriarchy, and Popular Literature. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Radway, Janice. 1997. A Feeling for Books: The Book-of-the-Month Club, Literary Taste, and Middle-Class Desire. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Radway, Janice. 2011. “Zines, Half-Lives, and Afterlives: On the Temporalities of Social and Political Change.” PMLA 126, no. 1, 140–50.
Rahman, D., L. Wing-Sun, and B. Cheung. 2012. “‘Cosplay’—Imaginative Self and Performing Identity.” Fashion Theory: The Journal of Dress, Body and Culture 16, no. 13, 317–42.
Raven, James. 2014. “‘Print Culture’ and the Perils of Practice.” In The Perils of Print Culture: New Directions in Book History, edited by Jason McElligott and Eve Patten, 218–37. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Rawson, K. J., and Aaron Devor, eds. 2015. “Archives and Archiving.” TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly 2, no. 4.
Rawson, K. J., and Cristan Williams. 2014. “Transgender*: The Rhetorical History of a Term.” Present Tense 3, no. 2, 1–9.
Redfield, James W. 1852. Comparative Physiognomy: Or, Resemblances between Men and Animals. New York: Redfield.
Regalado, Aldo. 2007. “Unbreakable and the Limits of Transgression.” In Film and Comic Books, edited by Ian Gordon, Mark Jancovich, and Matthew P. McAllister, 116–36. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Reid, Calvin. 2011. “X-Men Writer Chris Claremont Donates Archive to Columbia University.” PublishersWeekly.com (blog), November 14, 2011. www.publishersweekly.com.
Reid, Calvin. 2013a. “Columbia Acquires Kitchen Sink Press Comics Archive.” PublishersWeekly.com (blog), December 18, 2013. www.publishersweekly.com.
Reid, Calvin. 2013b. “Columbia University Acquires Complete ‘Elfquest’ Comics Archive.” PublishersWeekly.com (blog), February 26, 2013. www.publishersweekly.com.
Reid, Robin Anne. 2017. “Bending Culture: Racebendin.com’s Protests against Media Whitewashing.” In Dis-orienting Planets: Racial Representations of Asia in Science Fiction, edited by Isiah Lavender, 189–203. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Relyea, Lane. 2013. Your Everyday Art World. Boston: MIT Press.
Reynolds, Richard. 1992. Superheroes: A Modern Mythology. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Rieder, John. 2017. Science Fiction and the Mass Cultural Genre System. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.
Riesman, Abraham. 2015. “The Secret History of Ultimate Marvel, the Experiment That Changed Superheroes Forever.” Vulture, May 25, 2015. www.vulture.com.
Rifas, Leonard. 2010. “Race and Comix.” In Multicultural Comics: From Zap to Blue Beetle, edited by Frederick Luis Aldama, 27–38. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Rivera, Gabby. 2016. Juliet Takes a Breath. New York: Riverdale Avenue Books.
Robb, Jenny E. 2009. “Bill Blackbeard: The Collector Who Rescued the Comics.” Journal of American Culture 32, no. 3, 244–56.
Robbins, Trina. 1993. A Century of Women Cartoonists. Northampton, MA: Kitchen Sink.
Robbins, Trina. 1996. The Great Women Superheroes. Northampton, MA: Kitchen Sink.
Robbins, Trina. 1999. From Girls to Grrrlz: A History of ♀’s Comics from Teens to Zines. San Francisco: Chronicle.
Robbins, Trina. 2001. The Great Women Cartoonists. New York: Watson-Guptill.
Robbins, Trina. 2013. Pretty in Ink: North American Women Cartoonists 1896–2013. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Robbins, Trina, and Catherine Yronwode. 1985. Women and the Comics. Columbia, MO: Eclipse.
Robinson, David. 1917. “Caricature in Ancient Art.” Bulletin of the College Art Association of America 1, no. 3 (November): 65–68.
Robinson, Lillian S. 2004. Wonder Women: Feminisms and Superheroes. New York: Routledge.
Rodríguez, Juana María. 2014. Sexual Futures, Queer Gestures, and Other Latina Longings. New York: New York University Press.
Rodríguez, Richard T. 2016. “Revealing Secret Identities.” In Graphic Borders: Latino Comic Books Past, Present, and Future, edited by Frederick Luis Aldama and Christopher González, 224–37. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Rodríguez, Richard T. 2017. “X Marks the Spot.” Cultural Dynamics 29, no. 3, 202–13.
Rogers, Sean, and Jeet Heer. 2015. “A History of Drawn & Quarterly.” In Drawn & Quarterly: Twenty-Five Years of Contemporary Cartooning, Comics, and Graphic Novels, edited by Tom Devlin et al., 13–57. Montreal: Drawn & Quarterly.
Rohy, Valerie. 2010. “In the Queer Archive: Fun Home.” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 16, no. 3, 341–61.
Rosenbaum, Jonathan. 1980. Moving Places: A Life at the Movies. New York: Harper and Row.
Rosenberg, Robin, ed. 2008. The Psychology of Superheroes. New York: Pop Smart.
Round, Julia. 2014. Gothic in Comics and Graphic Novels: A Critical Approach. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
Royal, Derek Parker. 2007. “Introduction: Coloring America: Multi-ethnic Engagements with Graphic Narrative.” MELUS 32, no. 3 (September): 7–22.
Rubin, Joan Shelley. 1992. The Making of Middlebrow Culture. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Rutledge, J. Howard, and Peter B. Bart. 1955. “Comic Books: Slight Sales Recovery Leaves Volume below Pre-‘Clean Up’ Days Smaller Publishers.” Wall Street Journal, October 5, 1955.
Sabeti, Shari. 2011. “The Irony of ‘Cool Club’: The Place of Comic Book Reading in Schools.” Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics 2, no. 2, 137–49.
Sabin, Roger. 1996. Comics, Comix and Graphic Novels: A History of Comic Art. London: Phaidon.
Sadowski, Greg, ed. 2009. Supermen! The First Wave of Comic Book Heroes 1936–1941. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Salamon, Gayle. 2010. Assuming a Body: Transgender and Rhetorics of Materiality. New York: Columbia University Press.
Salisbury, Mark. 2000. Artists on Comic Art. London: Titan.
Salkowitz, Rob. 2012. Comic-Con and the Business of Pop Culture: What the World’s Wildest Trade Show Can Tell Us about the Future of Entertainment. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.
Salzberg, Charles. 1983. “Cashing in on Comic Books.” Fact 2, no. 6, 68–71.
Sammond, Nicholas. 2018. “Meeting in the Archive: Comix and Collecting as Community.” Feminist Media Histories 4, no. 3, 96–118.
Sanders, J. S., ed. 2016. The Comics of Hergé: When the Lines Are Not So Clear. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Satrapi, Marjane. (2000) 2004. Persepolis. New York: Pantheon.
Sattouf, Riad. 2015. The Arab of the Future: A Childhood in the Middle East, 1978–1984. New York: Metropolitan.
Saunders, Ben. 2011. Do the Gods Wear Capes? Spirituality, Fantasy, and Superheroes. London: Bloomsbury.
Savage, William. 1841. Dictionary of the Art of Printing. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans.
Saxey, Esther. 2006. “Desire without Closure in Jaime Hernandez’ Love and Rockets.” ImageTexT: Interdisciplinary Comics Studies 3, no. 1 (Summer). www.english.ufl.edu.
Scalenghe, Sara. 2014. Disability in the Ottoman Arab World, 1500–1800. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schelly, Bill. 1995. The Golden Age of Comic Fandom. Ellettsville, IN: Hamster.
Schelly, Bill. 2013. American Comic Book Chronicles: The 1950s. Raleigh: TwoMorrows.
Schelly, Bill. 2015. Harvey Kurtzman: The Man Who Created MAD and Revolutionized American Humor. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Schickel, Richard. 1999. Matinee Idylls: Reflections on the Movies. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee.
Schilt, Kristen. 2003. “I’ll Resist with Every Inch and Every Breath: Girls and Zine Making as a Form of Resistance.” Youth and Society 35:71–97.
Scott, Darieck. 2014. “Big Black Beauty: Drawing and Naming the Black Male Figure in Superhero and Gay Porn Comics.” In Porn Archives, edited by Tim Dean, 183–212. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Scott, Darieck, and Ramzi Fawaz. 2018. “Introduction: Queer about Comics.” American Literature 90, no. 2, 197–219.
Scott, Suzanne. 2015. “‘Cosplay Is Serious Business’: Gendering Material Fan Labor on Heroes of Cosplay.” Cinema Journal 54, no. 3, 146–54.
Sedgwick, Eve. 1990. Epistemology of the Closet. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Senate Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee to Investigate Juvenile Delinquency. 1954. “Investigation of Juvenile Delinquency in the United States.” 83rd Congress, 2nd session, April 21, 1954.
Serrato, Phillip. 2011. “Latino/a.” In Keywords for Children’s Literature, edited by Philip Nel and Lissa Paul, 133–37. New York: New York University Press.
Seymour, Jessica. 2018. “Racebending and Prosumer Fanart Practices in Harry Potter Fandom.” In A Companion to Media Fandom and Fan Studies, edited by Paul Booth, 333–48. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.
Shakespeare, Tom. 2014. Disability Rights and Wrongs Revisited. London: Routledge.
Shep, Sydney J. 2010. “Imagining Postnational Book History.” Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 104, no. 20, 253–68.
Sheppard, Alice. 1994. Cartooning for Suffrage. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
Shetterly, Will, and Vince Stone. 1991. “Hero Worship: Last Fair Deal Gone Down.” Captain Confederacy 2, no. 2 (December). New York: Epic Comics.
Shindler, Dorman T. 2006. “Alan Moore Leaves Behind His Extraordinary Gentlemen to Dally with Lost Girls.” Science Fiction Weekly, August 7, 2006.
Simone, Gail. 1999. Women in Refrigerators. March 1999. Accessed January 10, 2019. https://lby3.com/wir.
Singer, Marc. 2013. “The Myth of Echo: Cultural Populism and Comics Studies.” Studies in Comics 4, no. 2, 355–66.
Singer, Marc. 2019. Breaking the Frames: Populism and Prestige in Comics Studies. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Siwek, Stephen E. 2017. Video Games in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: Entertainment Software Association. www.theesa.com.
Smith, Greg M., Thomas Andrae, Scott Bukatman, and Thomas LaMarre. 2011. “Surveying the World of Contemporary Comics Scholarship: A Conversation.” Cinema Journal 50, no. 3, 135–47.
Smith, Jon, and Deborah Cohn. 2004. “Introduction: Uncanny Hybridities.” In Look Away! The U.S. South in New World Studies, edited by Jon Smith and Deborah Cohn, 1–19. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Smith, Matthew J., and Randy Duncan, eds. 2017. The Secret Origins of Comics Studies. New York: Routledge.
Smith, Scott, and José Alaniz, eds. 2019. Uncanny Bodies: Disability and Superhero Comics. University Park: Penn State University Press.
Smith, Sidonie, and Julia Watson. 2017. Life Writing in the Long Run: A Smith and Watson Autobiography Studies Reader. Ann Arbor: Michigan Publishing, University of Michigan Library.
Snorton, C. Riley. 2017. Black on Both Sides: A Racial History of Trans Identity. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Sobel, Marc, and Kristy Valenti, eds. 2013. The Love and Rockets Companion. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Sontag, Susan. 1969. “The Pornographic Imagination.” In Styles of Radical Will, 35–73. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux.
Sorese, Jeremy. 2015. Curveball. London: Nobrow.
Sousanis, Nick. 2015. Unflattening. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Sousanis, Nick. 2017. “A Life in Comics.” Columbia Magazine, Summer 2017. http://magazine.columbia.edu.
Southern Illinoisan. 1951. “Sparta Plant Turns Out Six Million Comic Books a Month.” January 8, 1951, 10.
Sperzel, Edith. 1948. “The Effect of Comic Books on Vocabulary Growth and Reading Comprehension.” Elementary English 25:109–13.
Spiegelman, Art. 1986. Maus I: A Survivor’s Tale: My Father Bleeds History. New York: Pantheon.
Spiegelman, Art. 1992. Maus II: And Here My Troubles Began. New York: Pantheon.
Spiegelman, Art. 2006. “Drawing Blood: Outrageous Cartoons and the Art of Outrage.” Harper’s Magazine, June 2006.
Spiegelman, Art. 2007. Art Spiegelman: Conversations. Edited by Joseph Witek. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Spiegelman, Art. 2013. Co-mix: A Retrospective of Comics, Graphics, and Scraps. Montreal: Drawn & Quarterly.
Spiegelman, Art, and Chris Ware. 2014. Interview by Hillary L. Chute, 2008. In Outside the Box: Interviews with Contemporary Cartoonists, edited by Hillary L. Chute, 217–52. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Spillar, Kathy. 2017. “Wonder Woman Is Back on the Cover of Ms.” Ms. Magazine Blog, July 6, 2017. http://msmagazine.com.
Spurgeon, Tom. 2016. We Told You So: Comics as Art. Seattle: Fantagraphics.
Squier, Susan. 2008. “Literature and Medicine, Future Tense: Make It Graphic.” Literature and Medicine 27, no. 2, 124–52.
Steedman, Carolyn. 2001. Dust: The Archive and Cultural History. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Steinberg, Marc. 2012. Anime’s Media Mix: Franchising Toys and Characters in Japan. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Steinmetz, Katy. 2014. “The Transgender Tipping Point.” Time, May 29, 2014. www.time.com.
Steirer, Gregory. 2014. “No More Bags and Boards: Collecting Culture and the Digital Comics Marketplace.” Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics 5, no. 4, 455–69.
Stevenson, Gregory, ed. 2020. Theology and the Marvel Universe. New York: Lexington.
Stone, Amy L., and Jaime Cantrell, eds. 2015. Out of the Closet, into the Archives: Researching Sexual Histories. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Stone, Sandy. 2006. “The Empire Strikes Back: A Posttranssexual Manifesto.” In The Transgender Studies Reader, edited by Susan Stryker and Stephen Whittle, 221–35. London: Routledge.
Straw, Will. 2010. “The Circulatory Turn.” In The Wireless Spectrum: The Politics, Practices, and Poetics of Mobile Media, edited by Barbara Crow, Michael Longford, and Kim Sawchuk, 17–28. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Straw, Will. 2017. “Some Things a Scene Might Be.” In Scene Thinking: Cultural Studies from the Scenes Perspective, edited by Benjamin Woo, Stuart R. Poyntz, and Jamie Rennie, 192–201. London: Routledge.
Streeby, Shelley. 2002. American Sensations: Class, Empire, and the Production of Popular Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Streeby, Shelley. 2017. “Reading Jaime Hernandez’s Comics as Speculative Fiction.” In Altermundos: Latin@ Speculative Literature, Film, and Popular Culture, edited by B. V. Olguin and Cathryn Josefina Merla-Watson, 147–66. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Streeby, Shelley. 2018. “Heroism and Comics Form: Feminist and Queer Speculations.” American Literature 90, no. 2, 449–59.
Strinati, Dominic. 1995. An Introduction to Theories of Popular Culture. New York: Routledge.
Strub, Whitney. 2011. Perversion for Profit: The Politics of Pornography and the Rise of the New Right. New York: Columbia University Press.
Stryker, Susan, Paisley Currah, and Lisa Jean Moore. 2008. “Trans, Trans-, or Transgender?” Women’s Studies Quarterly 36, no. 3–4, 11–22.
Swafford, Brian. 2012. “Critical Ethnography: The Comics Shop as Cultural Clubhouse.” In Critical Approaches to Comics: Theories and Methods, edited by Matthew J. Smith and Randy Duncan, 291–302. New York: Routledge.
Swirski, Peter. 2005. From Lowbrow to Nobrow. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Szczepaniak, Angela. 2014. “A Series of Thoughts on Seriality in Daniel Clowes’ Eightball.” In Serialization in Popular Culture, edited by Rob Allen and Thijs van den Berg. New York: Routledge.
Tagame, Gengoroh. 2013. The Passion of Gengoroh Tagame: Master of Gay Erotic Manga. Translated by Anne Ishii. New York: PictureBox.
Tarantino, Quentin, dir. 2004. Kill Bill: Volume 2. Los Angeles: Miramax.
Tensuan, Teresa M. 2009. “Crossing the Lines: Graphic (Life) Narratives and Co-laborative Political Transformations.” Biography 32, no. 1 (Winter): 175–89.
Thompson, Jason, and Atsuhisa Okura. 2007. “How Manga Conquered America.” Wired, November 2007.
Thorkelson, Nick. 1979. “Cartooning.” Radical America 13, no. 2 (March/April): 27–51.
Tilley, Carol L. 2012. “Seducing the Innocent: Fredric Wertham and the Falsifications That Helped Condemn Comics.” Information and Culture 47, no. 4, 383–413.
Tilley, Carol L. 2014. “Comics: A Once-Missed Opportunity.” Journal of Research on Libraries and Young Adults 4 (May 5). www.yalsa.ala.org.
Tilley, Carol L. 2015. “Children and the Comics: Young Readers Take on the Critics.” In Protest on the Page: Essays on Print and the Culture of Dissent Since 1865, edited by James Baughman, Jennifer Ratner-Rosenhaugen, and James Danky, 161–79. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Tilley, Carol L. 2016. “Guest Post: Found in the Collection: ‘The Uncanny Adventures of (I Hate) Dr. Wertham.’” Billy Ireland Cartoon Library and Museum (Ohio State University) blog, February 23, 2016. https://library.osu.edu.
Tilley, Carol L. 2017a. “Banned, Burned, and Now Rebuilding: Comics Collections in Libraries.” OUPblog (blog), September 25, 2017. https://blog.oup.com.
Tilley, Carol L. 2017b. “Educating with Comics.” In The Secret Origins of Comics Studies, edited by Matthew J. Smith and Randy Duncan, 3–11. New York: Routledge.
Tilley, Carol L. 2018. “Superheroes and Identity: The Role of Nostalgia in Comic Book Culture.” In Reinventing Childhood Nostalgia: Books, Toys and Contemporary Media Culture, edited by Elisabeth Wessling, 51–65. New York: Routledge.
Tilley, Carol L. 2019. “Starting Small…” Hogan’s Alley 22:90.
Tisserand, Michael. 2016. Krazy: George Herriman, a Life in Black and White. New York: Harper.
Tongson, Karen. 2011. Relocations: Queer Suburban Imaginaries. New York: New York University Press.
Tran, Scout. n.d. “About.” Failing Sky. Accessed July 30, 2018. http://failingsky.com.
Tye, Larry. 2012. Superman: The High-Flying History of America’s Most Enduring Hero. New York: Random House.
Ullén, Magnus. 2009. “Pornography and Its Critical Reception: Toward a Theory of Masturbation.” Jump Cut: A Review of Contemporary Media 51 (Spring): 1–24.
Valentine, David. 2007. Imagining Transgender: An Ethnography of a Category. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Vargas, Deborah R., Nancy Raquel Mirabal, and Lawrence La Fountain-Stokes, eds. 2017. Keywords for Latina/o Studies. New York: New York University Press.
Vaughan, Brian, and Fiona Staples. 2014. Saga: Volume 2. Portland: Image Comics.
Velez, Ivan, Jr. 1994. “A Writer Dreams of Comic Epics and a Closet-less Culture.” New York Times, July 24, 1994.
Visaggio, Madeline, and Eva Cabrera. 2016. Kim and Kim. Los Angeles: Black Mask Studios.
Vo, Lam Thuy. 2012. “Comics Get Scholarly Treatment at Columbia.” WSJ Blogs—Metropolis, September 17, 2012. http://blogs.wsj.com.
Walker, Brian. 2004. The Comics before 1945. New York: Harry Abrams.
Wandtke, Terrence R., ed. 2007. The Amazing Transforming Superhero. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
Wanzo, Rebecca. 2009. “Wearing Hero-Face: Black Citizens and Melancholic Patriotism in Truth: Red, White, and Black.” Journal of Popular Culture 42, no. 2, 339–62.
Wanzo, Rebecca. 2018. “The Normative Broken: Melinda Gebbie, Feminist Comix, and Child Sexuality Temporalities.” American Literature 90, no. 2 (June): 347–75.
Wanzo, Rebecca. 2020. The Content of Their Caricature. New York: New York University Press.
Ware, Chris. 2015. “Chris Ware on Cartooning and Memories.” YouTube video, 1:37. https://youtu.be/OGV7zcInb20.
Ware, Chris. 2000. Jimmy Corrigan: The Smartest Kid on Earth. New York: Pantheon.
Warhol, Robyn. 2011. “The Space Between: A Narrative Approach to Alison Bechdel’s ‘Fun Home.’” College Literature 38, no. 3, 1–20.
Warner, Kristen J. 2015. “ABC’s Scandal and Black Women’s Fandom.” In Cupcakes, Pinterest, and Ladyporn, edited by Elana Levine, 32–50. Champaign: University of Illinois Press.
Warner, Michael. 2002. “Public and Counterpublics.” Public Culture 14, no. 1.
Warshow, Robert. 2001. “Paul, the Horror Comics, and Dr. Wertham.” In The Immediate Experience: Movies, Comics, Theatre and Other Aspects of Popular Culture, 53–74. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Waskul, Dennis D., and Phillip Vannini. 2006. “Introduction: The Body in Symbolic Interaction.” In Body/Embodiment: Symbolic Interaction and the Sociology of the Body, edited by Dennis D. Waskul and Phillip Vannini, 1–18. New York: Ashgate.
Watson, Julia. 2008. “Autographic Disclosures and Genealogies of Desire in Alison Bechdel’s Fun Home.” Biography 31, no. 1, 27–58.
Waugh, Thomas. 2002. Out/Lines: Underground Gay Graphics before Stonewall. Vancouver: Arsenal Pulp.
Wertham, Fredric. 1948. “The Comics—Very Funny!” Saturday Review of Literature, May 29, 1948.
Wertham, Fredric. 1954. Seduction of the Innocent. New York: Rinehart.
Whaley, Deborah Elizabeth. 2015. Black Women in Sequence: Re-inking Comics, Graphic Novels, and Anime. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
White, David M., and Robert H. Abel, eds. 1963. The Funnies: An American Idiom. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
Whitlock, Gillian. 2006. “Autographics: The Seeing ‘I’ of the Comics.” Modern Fiction Studies 52, no. 4 (Winter): 965–79.
Whitted, Qiana J. 2012. “Of Slaves and Other Swamp Things: Black Southern History as Comic Book Horror.” In Comics and the U.S. South, edited by Brannon Costello and Qiana J. Whitted, 187–213. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Whitted, Qiana J. 2019. EC Comics: Race, Shock, and Social Protest. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Williams, Randall. 2010. The Divided World: Human Rights and Its Violence. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Williams, Raymond. 1978. Marxism and Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Williams, Raymond. 1986. “The Uses of Cultural Theory.” New Left Review 158:19–31.
Winchester, Mark D. 2017. “Litigation and Early Comic Strips: The Lawsuits of Outcault, Dirks, and Fisher.” In Drawing the Line: Comics Studies and INKS 1994–1997, edited by Lucy Shelton Caswell and Jared Gardner, 52–68. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.
Winge, T. 2006. “Costuming the Imagination: Origins of Anime and Manga Cosplay.” Mechademia 1:65–76.
Witek, Joseph. 1989. Comic Books as History: The Narrative Art of Jack Jackson, Art Spiegelman, and Harvey Pekar. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Witek, Joseph, ed. 2007. Art Spiegelman: Conversations. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Woo, Benjamin. 2011. “The Android’s Dungeon: Comic-Bookstores, Cultural Spaces, and the Social Practices of Audiences.” Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics 2, no. 2, 125–36.
Woo, Benjamin. 2012. “Understanding Understandings of Comics: Reading and Collecting as Media-Oriented Practices.” Participations: Journal of Audience and Reception Studies 9, no. 2, 180–99.
Woo, Benjamin. 2018a. Getting a Life: The Social Worlds of Geek Culture. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Woo, Benjamin. 2018b. “Is There a Comic Book Industry?” Media Industries 5, no. 1, 27–46.
Wright, Bradford W. 2001. Comic Book Nation: The Transformation of Youth Culture in America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Wyburn, John, and Paul Roach. 2012. “An Hedonic Analysis of American Collectable Comic-Book Prices.” Journal of Cultural Economics 36, no. 4, 309–26.
Yagoda, Ben. 2009. Memoir: A History. New York: Penguin.
Yang, Gene Luen. 2006. American Born Chinese. New York: Square Fish.
Young, Art. 1928. On My Way: Being the Book of Art Young in Text and Picture. New York: H. Liveright.
Zobl, Elke. 2004. “Persephone Is Pissed? Grrrl Zine Reading, Making and Distributing across the Globe.” Hecate 30, no. 2, 156–75.